Comparative analysis of Aristotelian Equality In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle asserts one cannot live a virtuous and fulfilling life without the presence of a friend, despite the presence of the essential goods. In addition to his point, he states the best friendships are built upon a true equality which in turn builds on the mutual contributions and goodness of the character of the individuals within a friendship. Without equality, Aristotle argues, friendships tend to fall apart either due to eventual conflicts of interest or the friendship outliving it usefulness. However, some might argue the best friendships do not need any equality among individuals and can still produce the benefits of a Aristotle definition of the best friendship.
He says eudaimonia is not a state of mind and does not come and go as happiness, in the traditional sense, can. Instead, it is an activity that involves virtuous actions and rational activity. In order to be eudaimonious, one must exhibit arête. Arête means virtue or excellence. An example is that knowledge is an excellence of the soul.
Aristotle is a philosophy whose main goal is to be happy or to find happiness also how you can be a better human bean. Aristotle 's also states that happiness is not what brings us Pleasure or Honor but contemplation. The way Aristotle 's sees pleasure and honor is wrong is because it only brings happiness for a short period. Not only that but everyone has different values and lifestyles that does not comply with everyone 's views of pleasure and honor the same way. Aristotle makes it clear that happiness should already be instilled in our brain, and that it 's not something people should achieve to fill complete or have happiness as a goal.
It is the idea that acting virtuously will result in virtuous consequences. Most virtue ethics theories are embedded in Aristotle's teachings which declare that "a virtue is a trait of character manifested in habitual action". These traits are derived from a natural internal inclination which needs to be guided, yet, over time, may become stable. Aristotle also defined virtues as a ‘golden mean’ which ultimately is the middle ground between two extremes also known as vices. For example, a virtuous person would be generous and may give to charity, however, giving away all you have is extreme and is therefore not virtuous as it is deficient may come across as
There are several differences comparing the complete friendship and the other two. First, the complete friendship has to exist between virtuous agents, who resembles each other’s excellence. Friendship based pleasure or usefulness can exists among not virtuous people. Second, friendship based on usefulness and pleasure does not last for long, because once the use and pleasure the friend bring for each other is gone, the friendship is over. The use and pleasure can easily be gone, because people are changing.
Plato claimed that virtue is a type of knowledge since qualities are only beneficial when they are accompanied by knowledge. Virtue is always beneficial, thus, it must be a form of knowledge. If virtue is knowledge, vice – being the opposite of virtue – must be the lack of knowledge. As with every ethical system, Aristotle’s theory is subject to some criticism.
She said that she would abolish abortion, it was hard for me because I am a pro-choice, but later on, she listed me things that were wrong, in her point of view. I did not agree with most of these causes, but the way that we were discussing was peaceful and kind. This allowed me to open my mind to find a common ground. We could agree that the abortion is always difficult for a woman because she may need help from a counselor. This a very difficult subject, but from our conversation I have gained a different perspective.
There are a few significant aspects of this definition. First, it shows utility, or the presence of pleasure and the absence of pain, as both the basis of everything that people desire, and as the foundation of morality. However, utilitarianism does not say that it is right for individuals to simply pursue what makes them personally happy. Rather, morality is dictated by the greatest happiness principle, that is, moral action is that which increases the total amount of utility in the world.
Good morality is achievable without an outside influence, and religion may, in fact, take away from human morality by influencing a person into doing what is considered to be right as a way of earning a reward in the afterlife rather than just doing what is right for the sake of doing what is good in the world. Though religion itself can be considered a moral guideline, this may not be the complete truth. The concept of morality is that of doing what is right without expectations for reward. Religion generally has a reward system for doing good deeds.
‘Platonic love’ today is defined by the Oxford Dictionary as a “love or friendship” that is “intimate and affectionate but not sexual.” A different definition provided by Dictionary.com described it as “an intimate companionship or relationship, especially between two persons of the opposite sex, that is characterized by the absence of sexual involvement; a spiritual affection.” In the definitions given above, the common understanding of ‘platonic love’ lies in the fact that it is non-sexual. It is important however, to note that the second definition included the specific notion of heterosexuality.
It was not until I tried to make things up with them that I realized that they missed the old happy me, and that they wanted to make up. This event made me realize that the best thing for people like me is to try to be involved and happy with others. I on several occasions asked my anxiety the same question as Jodi Aman, “why won 't you just leave me alone?” but I knew that getting angry at anything I could would only cause more worry. I also realized that others with this issue are more help then you could ever realize, and that you should always want to accept help from them.
What does it mean to be honest? The Canterbury Tales features characters from all walks of life, with reputations to match. A key part in determining their admirability is how truthful they are. People who are honest, such as the Knight and the Parson, are worthy of praise, and those who are not, such as the Nun and the Monk, are worthy of scorn. Honesty is more than telling the truth, it means having integrity.
Aristotle had a method of persuading people that toyed with their emotions, this was one of the three Aristotelian Appeals called Pathos. Commercials are notorious for using pathos in order to make a viewer feel terrible about a situation, that in reality has no effect on that individual. In this response, the example used to explain Pathos will be an anti-smoking commercial. The commercial portrays a child walking into an airport with his mother and the more then disappears, for what we assume to go smoke, the child begins to cry for the fact he is no longer with his mother anymore. The first sign of pathos being used within this commercial would be when the mother disappears, leaving the boy completely alone in an airport while sad music