Plato, a student of Socrates, wrote Gorgias in 380 B.C. In this dialogue, Socrates seeks the true definition of rhetoric and attempts to discover the nature of this art. He questions Gorgias, Polus, and Callicles on its meaning, as well as its use. In the following paragraphs, it will be shown why Socrates holds to the opinion that rhetoric is a useless form of flattery. The dialogue opens with Socrates arriving at the house of Callicles.
While reading Book 3, I was struck by Socrates’ views on what constitutes acceptable poetry in his ideal city, which would “expunge all that sort of disparagement [of death]” (386c). Socrates explains that this censorship is necessary in order to inculcate an ideal form of justice, claiming that some kinds of poetry “should [not] be heard by men who are supposed to be free and to fear slavery more than death” (387b). Here, I think Socrates means to say that we should have the strength to uphold our rights/principles of freedom, instead of fearing the unknown nature of death, which he also articulates in Plato’s Apology – “Well, now it is time to be off, I to die and you to live; but which of us has the happier prospect is unknown to anyone but God” (42a).
Plato’s Apology Response Paper Introduction The response paper on The Apology will discuss the various ideas that Socrates came up with in his book. First and foremost, the essay will discuss his philosophy regarding human traits such as human wisdom, an excellent speaker, death and unexamined life. The above Socrates ideas are significant in human lives, and therefore I will explain my opinion relating to them. In the climax, the response paper will discuss how these ideas and teachings have affected the world at large, having read the book. Socrates Ideas, Values and Meanings Socrates philosophy talks about several values accredited to human beings.
In this first narrative Plato is in the words of Professor Jeff McEwen “acting as a court scribe.” Plato is writing down Socrates defense and the responses of his accusers. The question here is, why did Plato write Apology? Plato was one of Socrates’ followers he believed that Socrates was wise and he would turn this event into a testimony of the injustice done to Socrates and the wit of the man he had learned so much from. This book would show
Plato is a philosopher who developed a concept of questioning all things and tries to teach others to question all aspects of the world. Many around him would disapprove and turn down his idea approaching the world, but Plato had students who followed his lessons, ideas, and believed in him; his students including his brother, Glaucon, and Aristotle. Within the article, Plato and his students have a conversation about how humans become contented with reality-distorting ideologies and tend to disregard philosophical reasoning that leads to understanding of truth. Plato wrote “Allegory of a Cave” as a means to criticize empiricism despite man’s natural tendency to perceive “truth” with the senses through the uses of analogies, symbolism, and
His family had a history in politics, and Plato was destined to a life in keeping with this history. He studied at a gymnasium owned by Dionysios, and at the palaistra of Ariston of Argos. When he was young he studied music and poetry. According to Aristotle, Plato developed the foundations of his metaphysics and epistemology by studying the doctrines of Cratylus, and the work of Pythagoras and
Socrates in the dialogue Alcibiades written by Plato provides an argument as to why the self is the soul rather than the body. In this dialogue Alcibiades and Socrates get into a discussion on how to cultivate the self which they both mutually agree is the soul, and how to make the soul better by properly taking care of it. One way Socrates describes the relationship between the soul and the body is by analogy of user and instrument, the former being the entity which has the power to affect the latter. In this paper I will explain Socrates’ arguments on why the self is the soul and I will comment on what it means to cultivate it. Alcibiades and Socrates try to figure out what the self really is because in order to cultivate it they would have to know what it is.
Aristotle is a Greek philosopher who was born some time around 384 BC in the city Stagira, which is in the Greece kingdom of Macedonia, and he died in 322 BC (Wikipedia). Aristotle was a well known philosopher, in fact he was such a well known philosopher that he was given some nicknames from the Ancient Greek people for his modesty. When Aristotle was younger (17-18) he, “...joined Platos Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven” (Wikipedia). At the Academy Aristotle was a great student, but wasn't the best because he was concern of the way they scrutinized philosophical issues and the way world works, and it's not just the perfect forms and realm of ideas that matter, regarding their theory of ideas (Gradesaver).
Despite the title of this historical piece of work, this speech, made by Socrates at his trial, was anything but an apology. Plato, who wrote Apology, was a student of Socrates and this is his account of the trial. Even though he was present at the trial, the colloquy may have been adjusted by Plato to reflect what he thought Socrates should have said or what he thought Socrates meant to say. Plato was very fond of Socrates, therefore the way he may present him can be bias. Socrates attempted to persuade the men of Athens of his innocence by presenting himself as a good man and an authority of knowledge, as declared by the Delphic oracle.
In this article which written by Plato, who is one of the ancient Greek philosophers, wrote and he was a student of Socrates. Plato illustrates Socrates arguments with people in society in part of his book. Socrates discusses with Hippothales near the wall outside of the wrestling school and from the beginning they argued about Lysis and at that time Socrates realized that Hippothales in love and he wants to determine Lysis view of love. God gives ability and strength to Socrates in determining people, who are in love or not. With the Lysis, Socrates has a deep discussion about love and friendships, and how to deal with those people that you are in love with.