The Oligarchy Oligarchy is defined as the type of government where the rule of the government is in the hands of a few. The word comes from the Greek terms oligos (meaning a few) and arkhein (meaning to rule). Around 1100-800 B.C.E, a small group of people started to share power and rule in a couple of Greek city-states. This power was mostly shared amongst the aristocrats, who had a lot of wealth inherited from family. As time moved on, even this type of arrangement changed into a type of system where power vested in the hands of a few selected wealthy people.
Forms of Government: Monarch, Aristocracy, Oligarch, Democracy, and Tyranny Introduction In ancient Greek political systems, there were different forms of government, such as Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy, and Tyranny. In this essay, we will illustrate, compare and contrast these government forms. Monarchy is an old form of government; a monarch, such as a king or a queen, rules a kingdom or empire. In a constitutional monarchy, the monarch's power is limited by a constitution, but in an absolute monarchy, the monarch has unlimited power. Aristocracy, which was the combination of Greek words “aristos” means "excellent", and “kratos” means "power" (Oxford English Dictionary, 1989).
Monarchy, tyranny, aristocracy, oligarchy and democracy are all forms of government the ruled the different polies in Ancient Greece. Monarchy as a form of government in Ancient Greece was the idea that a successor from a line of leaders and men in power could rule over the land. In the Greek world, however, monarchies were rare and were often only distinguished from a tyranny when the hereditary ruler was more benevolent and ruled in the genuine interest of his people
Introduction The city-states of Athens and Greece were ruled by a diverse range of governments. Under these were the monarchy, the aristocracy, the tyranny, the oligarchy and the democracy. In this paper we will compare and contrast these 5 forms of governments in ancient Greek city-states. The Monarchy A monarchy is a type of government most recognizable by the fact that power rests in the hands of one person. Usually in the past, monarchies have been ruled by kings, together with his advisors.
3. Compare and contrast the idea of democracy in Ancient Greece and Rome. Which system was more democratic and why? Democracy is the modern day standard for governmental systems. However up until 500 BCE, the concept of Democracy was a foreign concept, and the great civilizations of that era were run by monarchs, aristocrats, and religious leaders of sorts.
This form of government was represented either by kingdoms or empires. Sparta is a good example of this system. Though, I would not call it a monarchy because true power was in the hand of the Guerousia and the Ephors, which makes it more of an oligarchy. Later in the ages before the Archaic period, things started to change in city-states and few monarchies, and later most governments in Greek turned into oligarchies. An oligarchy is a type of government in which a very small group of people, determined by nobility, religiousness, or any other criterion, held the power and ruled the populace of the country or, in case of Greek, the city-state(Carr, 2017).
Throughout European history, there are many examples of many different kinds of governments and rulers, though one of the most controversial forms of government was that of the absolute monarchy. In an absolute monarchy, only one ruler exists, and they hold absolute power over any and all forms of government. This form of government was also somewhat religiously-oriented, as some advocates of absolutism believed that God specifically selected and exercise His power through these leaders. Despite the belief that those who ruled under an absolute monarchy were chosen by God's will, some of said rulers went on to abuse and misuse their power, leading to various rebellions and instilling hatred for these leaders in the minds of the public. Between the two sides, however, those who believe that absolutism is a dangerous form of government due to the dangers associated with giving one person unlimited power have more evidence for their claim.
Is democracy the best form of government? It is mainly focused on the power of the people. A democracy is all about forming, managing, and collecting knowledge. If Athens becomes a democratic place, it will develop into a successful city-state because of it and the people, as they will be the ones ruling it. Democracy is successful since it organizes useful knowledge, making it both innovational and educational.
Most communities today rely on a basic form of government whether it be a democracy or a monarchy. If government was taking away the simple fact can be argued that chaos would break loose or people will naturally be peaceful. John Locke and Thomas Hobbes both delved into the ideal government of the people. Both agreed in a form of government should be established to keep some kind of peace, but both ideas differed in the way the government function. After analyzing both philosophers, it should be that a government should be established based on human's nature to sin, but Locke’s ideas are perceived to be more developed in a realistic government applied today.
Aristotle supported elections to be supported by adult suffrage or rotation without any proper qualification. The tenure of office should be short duration in democracy so that all may get an opportunity to share them. 2.3 Disadvantages of democracy as identified by Aristotle and Cicero Aristotle hated democracy though he possessed keen insight even in about democratic set up. It is a majority rule where the majority is poor and non-virtuous. This means that whoever is in office may not act in the best interests of the state.