With true friendship, friends love each other for their own sake (not for pleasure or usefulness), and they wish good things for each other. True friendship is lasting friendship. A complete friendship, according to Aristotle depends on similarity in virtue. "Perfect friendship is the friendship of men who are good, and alike in virtue; for these wish well alike to each other qua good, and they are good themselves." (NE; bk.8; ch.3) True friends must be virtuous, therefore bad and un-virtuous men cannot be true friends.
This kind of self-lover would “give up money in a case in which his friends would get more money, since there would be money for the friend, but a beautiful act for himself, so that he distributes the greater good to himself” (174:1169a27-30). In a narrow sense, this person is acting out of self-love or selfishness. However, unlike the irrational self-lover, everyone “approves of and praises those who are exceptionally zealous about beautiful actions” (173:1169a7-8). Indeed, Aristotle writes that any “good person ought to be a lover of self, since he will both profit himself and benefit the others by performing beautiful actions” (173:1169a12-13). This is why Aristotle considers the self-lover to be another useful paradigm in exploring human
In Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, the concept of happiness is introduced as the ultimate good one can achieve in life as well as the ultimate goal of human existence. As Aristotle goes on to further define happiness, one can see that his concept is much different from the 21st-century view. Aristotelian happiness can be achieved through choosing to live the contemplative life, which would naturally encompass moralistic virtue. This differs significantly from the modern view of happiness, which is heavily reliant on material goods. To a person in the 21st-century, happiness is simply an emotional byproduct one experiences as a result of acquiring material goods.
So, when the principles in the hearts of two people match, a true connection occurs. Furthermore, a genuine friendship consists of two individuals providing mutual edification. True friends encourage each other in wholesome ways. The test of true friendship occurs when one friend has the opportunity to exhort the other. A shallow friend down-plays the importance, while a true friend urges a change to take place.
Aristotle argues that polis was a natural growth and that human being was by nature. Aristotle argument can be considered faulty when he suggests only human beings with full use of reason can be evaluated happy because happiness comes by reasoning. He believes that searching for happiness is for being happy only and not for something else.
For, “…possession of virtue seems actually compatible with being asleep, or with lifelong inactivity, and, further, with the greatest sufferings and misfortunes; but a man who was living so no one would call happy…” (Ethics 938). It is not enough to state that one is virtuous, nor is it enough for someone to be born virtuous and end there. Rather, it is the continuous pursuit, the juxtaposition of virtuous activity and of that which isn’t, that allows an individual to flourish in an Aristotelian society. We can deduce, then, that “…human
In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle lays the groundwork for his perspective on virtue ethics, articulating the relationship between happiness, or eudaimonia, and virtue, or aréte. Aristotle’s particularly unique concept of happiness follows from his belief that happiness is the only end that humans wish to achieve that is purely an end in itself, and not a means as well, rather than an emotional disposition of happiness in the modern understanding of the word. Similarly, the Greek idea of virtue doesn’t have the same connection to duty that it does in English, rather it is most synonymously related to excellence. That is, to be virtuous is to be excellent at what you are. For example, a sharp knife is virtuous because it is good for cutting things;
I’m trying to prove that George and Lennie’s relationship show us the true meaning of friendship. George and Lennie are great friends because they take care of each other. “But not us and why because I’ve got you and I’ve got you and you’ve got me and that’s why” (Steinbeck 14). This outlines to the topic sentence because they’re saying
The third important quality of a friend is to be nonjudgmental. A friend loves you for you, and a person should not have to change for anyone else. No matter what, your friend should always stand by your side. The character that best exemplifies the qualities of a friend is George Milton in the novel, Of Mice and Men. George Milton exemplifies trust in many ways throughout the story.
Socrates as a wise man understands that if someone or something form humans’ personality and views on surrounding, then it means that there is no place for you as a human being; and morality would be no more than just a delusion. Hence, Socrates tries to argue with Euthyphro to find the definition of goodness and asks Euthyphro questions. Euthyphro provides several definitions of goodness such as prosecuting his own father is an act of goodness, but Socrates quickly responses to him that it is only instance but not the definition. Then, he replies to Socrates that goodness is something that is pleasant to gods. However, Socrates is not satisfied with such definition and responses to Euthyphro that many of conflicts exist among the gods and what is pleasant to one god might be unpleasant to another.