Evidence of the impact of Aristotle's mentorship can be found by comparing the decisions made during Alexander's time as king and Aristotle's ideas found in the books that he left behind. Even though Aristotle was only Alexander's tutor for a short amount of time, Aristotle became a large influence in Alexander's life. As a teacher Aristotle was able to project his personal views onto his pupils as well as educational information. Alexander was a captivated student. He had special interests in lessons such as medicine and scievnce, however he also enjoyed the arts, particularly literature.
Isocrates and Aristotle both believed in the influence of sound rhetoric; furthermore, they insist upon a strategic education to further what they consider to be true rhetoric. The usefulness of rhetoric was undisputed. Sophists believed that educated men could convince the world of anything, and Aristotle and Isocrates knew that persuasion was applicable to every subject. The difference between men like Isocrates and Aristotle and the sophists was the search for truth. As a result of their philosophy behind rhetoric, they taught rhetoric differently.
He was well known for his ideas about science, politics, and ethics. Aristotle considered which kind of political state was the best. He told people that they must inquire what was the best constitution for most states, and the best life for most men. Stating that neither should assume a standard of virtue above ordinary people, or that an education is exceptionally favored by nature and circumstances. The best state should have regard to the life in which the majority are able to share.
Aristotle and Locke however, have differing views on how a person accomplishes this. For Aristotle, citizens accomplish this by leaving the state of nature to pursue the chief goods in life. Whereas, for Locke, this is accomplished by creating and watching over a government to ensure protection. Aristotle believed that a citizen can contribute positively to the collective community in a variety of ways. He asserted that the greatest contribution a citizen can make is serving in deliberative and judicial office.
Aristo lived in 4th century BC in today’s Greece, developed ideas on several subjects from logic and metaphysics to empirical biology. Confucius, on the other hand, had lived in today’s China in 6th century BC, and was a political thinker and educator whose work mostly focused on the ideal social order and ethics. These two distinct philosophers both left extensive ideas on how political and social order should be. This paper will compare and contrast these two influential thinkers in terms of their ideas on individual ethics and social order. The thinkers’ works on various subjects will not be included to this analysis due to the length limitations and the need to focus on the themes that are studies by both of them.
As we all know Aristotle is the founder of western science and has his own theory about moral luck. Epictetus, on the other hand, has his own theory about the topic as well. Moral luck is considered to be when a person takes full praise or blame for an outcome of a situation, even when the person did not have full control over the action or the consequence in the first place. While having an open mind to both sides of the debate, let's compare Aristotle and Epictetus’ viewpoints on the issue. Although they share some similarities in their findings, the difference between Aristotle and Epictetus is clear.
At whatever point Aristotle clarifies the significance of being, he does as such by clarifying the feeling of the Greek verb to be. Being contains whatever things can be the subjects of genuine suggestions containing the word is, regardless of whether the is trailed by a predicate. Consequently, both Socrates isand Socrates is astute say something in regards to being. Each being in any class other than substance is a property or a change of substance. Hence, Aristotle says that the investigation of substance is the best approach to comprehend the idea of being.
Aristotle makes it clear that happiness should already be instilled in our brain, and that it 's not something people should achieve to fill complete or have happiness as a goal. Aristotle believes if you have an item and have a mix yourself with the item that it should be your property. For and example if you get a piece of paper and write in it making the paper yours because you are making effort on writing on the piece of paper making it your own allowing it to call it your own property. Plato views knowledge and virtues both as main priorities, he also states that we should have an ideal of reason someone who has the most knowledge to lead people. Plato also discusses that when we have an idea it 's not the idea rather than “what is”.
Discussion on Slavery by Aristotle in his book of Politics is not a part which is very famous. It however has an extreme importance for gaining an understanding of the conception of Aristotle with regards to its relationship with excellence and freedom. It is important to keep in mind that Aristotle does not support slavery in a classical manner, but only in a case in which the slaves are actually slaves by nature. Aristotle's claim that these natural slaves do exist is not a verdict which comes after his reasonable argument but simply a demonstrable assumption. One may comply with the argument of Aristotle but simply may not comply with his demonstrable assumption that natural slaves actually exist, in such case being a slave isn’t reasonable.
As far as the lessons we could extract today from Plato and Aristotle in regards to their political theories, our understanding more specific political structures (i.e. democracy) would improve and could possibly give way to future trends similar to that of