Aristotle's Four Importance Of Politics

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“The sacred rights of mankind,” writes Alexander Hamilton, “are not to be rummaged for, among old parchments, or musty records. They are written, as with a sunbeam, in the whole volume of human nature, by the hand of the divinity itself; and can never be erased or obscured by mortal power”. In his response to Samuel Seabury’s argument for obedience to the king, Hamilton invokes the sacred rights of mankind–universal truths echoing down through the past and reaching far into the future–as his basis for rebellion. These sacred and universal rights form the foundation for politics, which undergirds not only the arguments of the Founding Fathers, but Classical Republicanism itself. The success of politics hinges upon its universality. If politics…show more content…
This universality stems from the metaphysical implications of politics properly understood. The essence of politics–the form and matter of rational humans in community–demonstrates how it exists, but not how it corresponds to the principles of reality. Understanding the correspondence between the form of politics and the matter undergirds the development of politics across history, as will be explored later. In the meantime, Aristotle’s four causes prove useful for properly understanding politics. The four metaphysical causes–final, formal, material, and efficient–together outline the reality of…show more content…
Natural rights must also be universal in order to undergird every possible political association. Man alone posses logos, which allows him to make moral judgements concerning the world around him. These moral judgements must stem from a shared framework, even if they arrive at different conclusions. In order for this framework to remain universal, it must stem from a first principle, or metaphysical law. The only universal commonality to all humans across all time and space and all political associations is logos: rationality. Thus the law of natural rights centers around “right reason, consonant with nature, spread through all people,” and it must be “constant and eternal”. Following the advent of Christ, properly understood metaphysics stems from the nature of God. He provides the necessary authorship of this law of natural rights, granting it sacred and eternal implications. Thus, natural rights become sacred rights. The natural rights of men, by definition, exist everywhere and at all times, but the full implications of the natural rights of men stirred up controversy, especially between the American colonies and England during the time of the Founders. The Founders adhered to a strict interpretation of natural rights that necessitates self government, while their opponents proposed a system that necessitates a strong tyrant. Only one of these two interpretations correctly understands
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