Aristotle's Influence On Philosophical And Scientific Philosophy Of Aristotle

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Aristotle is the greatest philosopher of antiquity. According to the breadth of his influence on philosophical and scientific thought of antiquity, the Middle Ages and modern times, Aristotle is the figure of exceptional importance. This is not only the breadth of scientific interests of the scientist (a legacy of Aristotle covers the entire spectrum of scientific issues – from global to private philosophy of natural science and humanities), but mostly a special mold of his thoughts, in which subtle analysis is combined with a convincing systematization of concepts and categories (Aristotle and Roberts, 1984). Aristotle (384-322 BC) a great Greek philosopher and scientist, a student of Plato, the founder of the Peripatetic school (Adler, 1997). He was born in Stagira, a Greek city on the eastern coast of the peninsula of Halkidiki. In 17 years, came to Athens and from 367 to 347 remained in Plato’s school first on the Rights of the pupil, and then – as a teacher. After the death of Plato he left Athens and almost 14 years (347-334) spends wandering. In 334 Aristotle returned to Athens and founded his own philosophical school – Lyceum. He died of disease in exile, leaving Athens due to the threat from anti-macedonian minded public (Adler, 1997). Aristotle’s "Rhetoric" consists of three books. The first part of the book outlines the general concepts and basic principles of rhetorics (Aristotle and Roberts, 1984). Aristotle distinguishes three ways of evidence in the rhetoric:

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