Aristotle is the greatest philosopher of antiquity. According to the breadth of his influence on philosophical and scientific thought of antiquity, the Middle Ages and modern times, Aristotle is the figure of exceptional importance. This is not only the breadth of scientific interests of the scientist (a legacy of Aristotle covers the entire spectrum of scientific issues – from global to private philosophy of natural science and humanities), but mostly a special mold of his thoughts, in which subtle analysis is combined with a convincing systematization of concepts and categories (Aristotle and Roberts, 1984). Aristotle (384-322 BC) a great Greek philosopher and scientist, a student of Plato, the founder of the Peripatetic school (Adler, 1997).
JUSTICE IN NICOMACHEAN ETHICS: Aristotle observed in book V of the nicomachean ethics that the word justice is has a double meaning as: “Justice can mean either lawfulness or fairness, since injustice is lawlessness and unfairness. The laws encourage people to behave virtuously, so the just person, who by definition is lawful, will necessarily be virtuous. Virtue differs from justice because it deals with one’s moral state, while justice deals with one’s relations with others. Universal justice is that state of a person who is generally lawful and fair. Particular justice deals with the “divisible” goods of honor, money, and safety, where one person’s gain of such goods results in a corresponding loss by someone else.” TYPES OF JUSTICE: Following are the three main types of justice in accordance with Aristotle: Distributive justice (This deals with the distribution of burden) Compensatory justice (This deals in the matter of compensating persons for wrong doing) Retributive justice (This involves the
Title (Argue against three positions from Plato) The Athenian philosopher Plato is said to be one of the most important figures of the Ancient Greek world. It could also be argued that he is one of the most important figures in the entire history of Western thought. In his many written dialogues, he expands the ideas and different techniques of his teacher, Socrates, of thirty years. Plato’s way of living was to ask ruthless questions that made you think about the reason you are living and why you are the way you are. Plato writes of Socrates, and the beliefs they share, in Republic where he explores the ideal soul of a nation and of an individual.
He founded the first institution of higher learning in the Western world which was called, “The Academy”. Plato taught a range of subjects including. : ethics, religion, mathematics and philosophy. Plato’s work is among the world’s greatest literatures that have been written. Some of his
Aristotle was one of the greatest philosophers in his time. His work has survived until today. Aristotle’s work is still being used today in schools and even public office. During Aristotle’s exile in Euboea, Aristotle wrote what is known today as Nicomachean Ethics. During this time, he thought a lot about the pursuit of happiness and wrote about the subject.
With a clear narrative of Western civilization, the book possesses a depth of over 150 maps and excerpts from over 200 primary sources that includes official documents. The central purpose of Speilvogel’s work on Western Civilization is to introduce us to a range of issues concerning the kinds of communities; political, social, moral, and religious we have construct for ourselves and the values that inform and define such communities. He also explores the intellectual currents of the early modern period, such as the protestant reformation, discovery of the new world, scientific revolution, and the rise of the modern state. He made attempts to make sense of the order of the social and natural worlds as well as men and women’s places in those
The Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle 's most important study of personal morality and the end of human life, has for many centuries been a widely-read and influential book. In this paper, my aim is to understand and explain how Aristotle, an ancient world-known Greek philosopher, developed the idea of ethics based on a teleological matter. Thus, I will explain how Aristotle relates virtue to telos. To start with, in order to answer this question, we have to give a brief and clear definition of his idea of ethics, what are a teleological matter, and his view of virtue and how he relates it to telos? Aristotle was one of the first philosophers to engage in investigation in the world around us and human action.
Aristotle in his best-known work Nicomachean Ethics, discusses many fundamental things like happiness, friendship, pleasure, justice, human good. He gives us an image of the good (and even best) life and tells how to achieve it, he shows us the difference between false and true happiness, explains how friendship works and why we need to seek for the impossible. After two millenniums his works are still extremely popular and fundamental to every philosopher or anyone interested in this discipline. Like Socrates and Plato, Aristotle chooses virtues to be his main objects of discussion. The first thing that comes to mind when one is asked ‘what is it you want most of all?’ Is human happiness.
Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was born in Prussia and is amongst the most influential philosophers in the history of Western philosophy; he is also often pointed out to be the greatest philosopher after the Greeks. Because of this the philosophical movements that followed him have all been influenced by his contributions to metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics. The Critique of Judgment was the third and last
Aristotle was also greatly influenced by the pre-Socratic thinkers and so his work was to a certain extent guided by the facts of these thinkers as well, primarily in the sciences and metaphysics, his most significant influence was undoubtedly Plato (427–347 B.C.). Plato’s philosophy was centered
This means the poor would make more money, the middle class would stay the same, and the rich would make less annually, therefore bringing income equality. Krugman suggests the United States should change to more socialistic society as he says unions are needed in the United States. Bringing more unions in the United States would create equal wage distribution and better job stability. Krugman is recommending a progressive policy similar to FDR’s New Deal package that was introduced before WWII. Krugman believes a policy like this “could reduce extreme inequalities in pay.” (602) A minimum wage increase would help the
But yeah it is nice to have extra money by raising minimum wage but it is going to be the same thing overall, if not worse the bills are going to go up with it. Raising minimum wage could reduce the benefits you get such as insurance, vacation, and your future. Raising it as well means what about all the people that already have their worked their way to what the minimum wage wants to be set at. Do they expect them to stay at that same wage or go up as much as minimum wage raised. It is hard to raise the minimum wage therefore it shouldn 't.
So one possible effect of raising minimum wage to $15.00 is that people will initially start spending more on the things they love because they can afford them now. So yes, more money is flowing through the economy but is it enough to balance out? Take in consideration that the Utility Maximizing Model is a Ceteris Paribus based theory so this nor fact or false, it is an
The problem of income inequality is not something new, but it is something that people must worry about because it is affecting not only our wallets, but our communities as a whole. I agree on the author’s point of view about income inequality in the United States his position is very similar to another Robert Reich documentary called “Inequality for all” where he mentions all the aspects that brought United States economic system to a hold just to help a fraction of all population one of those systems was education where before the nineteen eighties it was cheaper to go to college than nowadays or the fact that workers were pay almost the same as any other for their sacrifice . Going back to the video on debate he mentions how policies changed
With the workforce so disproportionally represented, these workers with the lowest paying job will greatly benefit from the change. In conclusion, a federal minimum wage increase will significantly improve the standard of living of low-wage workers. To meet their basic needs, workers must be given a living wage. It is not only morally correct to do so, but also beneficiary to both ends. The increase in wages allows for a more supportable income, but it also stimulates the economy.