Socrates states that the function of anything is what it alone can do or what it does best. His statement brings up controversy, making the argument fail to back up its point. Socrates argues that a just soul and a just man will live well, and an unjust one badly. This argument consists of the following: 1. The function of each thing is what it alone can do or what it does better than anything else.
On that note, Socrates believes that virtue is a general form (eidos), meaning that there is a pattern (Plato 50). Although the two characters are both from esteemed backgrounds, unlike Meno, Socrates claims to know nothing and therefore is aware of his own ignorance. However, Socrates does know that virtue is like a recollection (anamnesis) of knowledge (Plato 49). In other words, virtue cannot come from instructions (as we learned that there are no teachers of virtue), but from an innate understanding of the soul (Plato
There names are Rene Descartes and Plato. Plato and Descartes are two Greek philosophers that believe in Rationalism, yet both have a different perspective of it. I will explain both philosopher’s methods when it comes to viewing the everyday world, talk about their similarities and differences, and then choose Descartes’s method regarding Rationalism. I agree with Descartes method a lot more than Plato’s because I feel that inborn knowledge is a form of deception and escaping your reality, like Plato would suggest, would only leave you to be deceived even more. Both Plato and Descartes believe in Rationalism, and they also fear uncertainty.
Whereas the argument Socrates is attempting to make suggests that there is a language of truth, an origin if you may. That at the very essence of all objects or beings is a “true” name, thus Socrates asserts that the name of an object comes from the object itself, latter becoming corrupted as time goes on. Contemporarily, the argument Hermogenes makes is generally accepted; basically because arguments attempting to define an origin to language have subsequently been shied away from. This is not to say that Socrates argument has lost significance it provides an important juxtaposition and offers a wider understating about the thinking of language. 2.
Although Aristotle himself did not use the triangular imagery which was adopted later, he effectively outlined the three persuasion modes and their uses in communication or during an argument. During an argument, a logo is like the ‘flesh’ of the argument. It is the basis by which you try
How had the approach of Plato and Aristotle effectively changed people's view on the rhetoric? Rhetoric means the study of principles and rules of composition formulated by critics of ancient times. Plato and Aristotle's rhetoric had influenced the development of the art of rhetoric. Not only in literature but also in life. Aristotle distinguished rhetoric as persuasion and black–and–white morality.
According to Chambers (2009) his belief was that the strongest objection to rhetoric is not that appeals to passion over reason, but that it is nomological rather than dialogical (p.324). To further simplify, Plato was not opposed to people expressing themselves passionately but opposed one to illustrate the deliberation process through passion as a form of misguiding or redirected
Socrates’ eros for philosophy is present from the beginning of the dialogue to the end, from the point that he dismisses the possibility of allowing anyone but himself to give display speeches until the end where he presents a rational account or what is considered to be a myth by some. Socrates explains in the Phaedrus that he does not have time to disprove myths, therefore referring to it as a “rational account” which further proves he is serious about not disproving the
In The Republic, Socrates has some interesting views on the idea of what it means to be just and what a perfect and just society would look like. To me, some of his ideas made sense, while others seemed ridiculous. Despite some of Socrates’s faulty ideas, the way he uses reasoning and examples to justify his thoughts is noteworthy. Socrates seems to place wisdom, justice, and goodness above all other virtues, and he repeatedly comes back to these themes when he describes the perfect state and people who should live in it. First of all, I appreciated the way Plato wrote down Socrates’s words and thoughts.
The ultimate goal of human life for Plato is to know and understand the truth or the “eidos” of the “good”. The only way for us to see this truth is through our minds. The truth is not accessible in the physical world but in the intellectual realm. For us to be happy or for use to know the truth is only when we are beyond our physical sense it is a totally different level. So according to Plato, “knowledge” and “virtue” are corollary meaning that as long as one exists the other will follow.