Aristotle's Theory Of Happiness

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In the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle raised a question «How a human can achieve the real happiness?», which was the key issue in this work. First of all, we should to understand why he started to solve this problem. For 2300 years people suppose, that the real happiness includes the tangible wealth, honor and satisfaction of pleasure. But Aristotle argues, that the wealth makes us try accomplishing more and more goals, the honor doesn 't show real personality traits and excessive satisfaction needs influence badly people. Therefore, Aristotle developed the theory of happiness, which is studied nowadays. I’ll begin by explaining the hierarchy of the nature.The first one is minerals, including metals, stones and other materials. They do not…show more content…
Before I move on to another part, it is necessary to say what is the complete virtue is. Aristotle told us,that the moral virtue includes courage, temperance and justice. These ingredients of the moral virtue develop by cultivating virtuous habits. But the moral virtue is not enough for true happiness: you should have nice appearance, a house, wealth(it should not be excessive), love, friendship and good health. Also, Aristotle claims, that «for moral excellence is concerned with pleasures and pains; it is on account of the pleasure that we do bad things, and on account of the pain that we abstain from noble ones.». In other words, the Greek philosopher tells us that sometimes people cannot control their desire and it leads to bad consequences, so Aristotle encourages us to control our vices, because it doesn 't bring us long-term happiness. (B) Before we make a distinction between moral and intellectual virtue, it is important to tell about the each type of virtue. 1) Moral virtue (as I mentioned) includes courage, temperance, self-discipline, generosity, friendliness, truthfulness, honesty and justice. The main peculiarities of this kind of virtue is : a)everything is learned by training or doing something, b) it develops the habit or a disposition and c)the moral virtue is located between the extremes of behavior(excess and deficiency) -…show more content…
And we say that serious things are better than laughable things and those connected with amusement, and that the activity of the better of any two things-whether it be two elements of our being or two men-is the more serious; but the activity of the better is ipso facto superior and more of the nature of happiness.» - In this quotation Aristotle commented, that happy life consists of the virtue. Of course, the virtuous life is really serious than amused one, but the virtue comes upper than other any activities and even more the nature of
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