Aristotle's Three Forms Of State

1983 Words8 Pages
Aristo is the first philosopher to define state as a community. He defines state as an organism that has the properties of a living being. State is the highest among all communities according to Aristotle, the other communities are the family, the village and the city state. This ordering is natural since human beings are political by their nature. In this organization, the state is the highest because it aims the highest good. “state exists for the sake of good life, and not for the sake of life only” whereas the family and the village only provides satisfaction of the daily needs. This naturally leads to the existence to the political society with noble actions, man’s moral nature can only be satisfied through city state. (Ebenstein, Ebenstein, 2000, p. 72) The constitution here is not written, but it is an organizing principle, is “the way of life” of the citizens (Miller, 2012). Aristo recognizes that there are different forms of states and he classifies them. He states that there are three forms of governments working for the common interest. He distinguishes between them depending on the number of rulers: kingship, aristocracy and constitutional government (polity). The most important task for the ruler is to create the appropriate constitution. Constitution includes laws, customs, and institutions and moral education for…show more content…
He sees the family as a micro-cosmos representing the whole society and this makes the respect and treatment of the family members as the basic from of thinking of others before yourself. This love and consideration for the family members extend to the society and brings respect especially for the elder generations. He gives the acceptance of the social values and norms the central role in the social relations. All individuals should know and act in accordance with their social role. Starting from the individual level, acting properly leads to a harmonious

More about Aristotle's Three Forms Of State

Open Document