Aristotle's View On Justice: The Concept Of Justice

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According to Levinson pg.158 (1977), “Justice is primarily a possible, but not a necessary, quality of a social order regulating the mutual relations of men”. Justice can also be termed as the permanent and timeless wish to which every individual his rendered freedom, equality and other basic rights in the state.

As a result of its importance, prominent and knowledgeable people have shared their views on justice and what it means and how the state is involved in its administration. The likes of Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke among others have written extensively on the concept of justice.

According to Socrates, He saw justice as a way of preserving the state. The state is a law-abiding and constitutional elementary
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He presumes true that everything in life as an aim, so as we humans have our special aims to help us attain our maximum happiness. life He sat and analyzed the concept of human happiness on the bottom of his debate and justifies the concept of justice as the basis of an individual’s life. Following him, “justice is considered to mean equity, but does not invariably mean equality; justice is relative to persons being equal and a just distribution is one in which the relative values of things given correspond to those of the person receiving” (Amytage 2013 pg.81). Observing Aristotle’s view, man’s happiness is the life of the soul. The harmony of justice in an individual and society is equal to the enjoyment of values. To him justice is fair, individuals who do good are treated fairly but individuals who disobey the law are treated…show more content…
Whilst Plato’s concept of justice attaches more importance to duties, Aristotle’s views lay emphasis on the system of rights. Also, Plato’s justice establishes a system of classes whilst Aristotle establishes equality between different members of the state.
However, Socrates sees justice as the whole idea of man’s existence hence his unshakable desire to obey the laws of the state.
Eventhough Thomas Hobbes and John Locke regard justice as the basis for maintaining peaceful coexistence in human society, they differ on how it comes about. To Hobbes, human beings are irrational in nature hence the need for a system (state) to maintain law and order.
John Locke maintains that the state of Nature is peaceful but human beings may be driven by selfish interests to disrupt this peaceful state hence the need for a system (state) to regulate and oversee human activity.
The views of the above scholars are complementary in nature in the sense that they all recognize the state as the basis for the attainment of

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