Handout on identity development during adolescence Adolescence is the years between the beginning of puberty and onset of adulthood. These are the years where most people develop a strong and stable identity. It is the period where children start to become conscious of their identity and its possible immediate consequences or future repercussions. Relationships between parents and the adolescents often decrease, and they start to prefer to spend more time with their peers.
During the teenage period, the teenagers don’t have a fixed thought. They think differently than the oldest in age. It may be that teenagers in the same age have the same thoughts about life; it’s a difficult period of the lifetime. Peer and friends have an influence on the teenagers. Their peers teach and give bad advices to them.
To solve these problems parents try to use various ways of influence on their children. Some of them are effective, some are not, it is very individual and depends on the character of the teenager. Moreover, it is age of storm-and-stress that causes much misunderstanding. According to the scientific research, teenagers with proper upbringing have fewer problems with their parents and generation gap is not so noticeable in these families, contrary to children from dysfunctional families who suffer from the lack of parental care, misunderstanding and indifference.
Family crisis has caused the social control in children to be neglected. Parents who often argued will not be able to nurture and educate their children properly. This situation becomes worst when the parents are busy with the tasks at office until they ignore their responsibilities to watch over their children’s behavior. Social problems among teenagers become an increasingly worrying phenomenon that teenagers go through such as early pregnancy, suicidal and drug abuse. However, there are many helpful organizations trying to overcome the social problems among teenagers.
We learnt from Elizabeth Kolbert in her article “Terrible Teens” that teenagers will endanger themselves one way or the other. Through their brain’s pleasure centre. Kolbert uses the emphasis of teenagers think differently from us. She uses methods of development to catch the reader's attention and persuade them to believe what she’s saying. Should we let parents rise to the challenge of finding the best solution to teenage problems?
Q1.3 Explain the impact of adolescent development on a young person’s thoughts, feelings and behaviours A1.3 Adolescence is a time of great change for young people when physical changes are happening at an accelerated rate. Puberty is accompanied by physical, psychological and emotional changes adapted to ensure reproductive and parenting success. But adolescence is not just marked by physical changes – young people are also experiencing cognitive, social/emotional and interpersonal changes as well. It marks a transition in risks for depression and other common mental disorders, substance abuse, eating disorders and anti social behaviours. As they grow and develop young people are influenced by outside factors, such as their environment, culture, religion, school and the media.
These stages are composed of conflicts a person goes through as they develop throughout the lifespan. First is Basic trust vs. Mis-trust, the second is Autonomy vs. Shame, the third is Initiative vs. Shame, the fourth is Industry vs. Inferiority and the last stage this paper will discuss is Identity vs. Role confusion. He put a crucial emphasis on adolescents because at their stage in development they are figuring out who they are; Identity vs. Identity confusion. Adolescents go through a period of psychosocial crisis, this is a developmental period when a person has to resolve a conflict in his or her own life. The common question they face is “who am I?”.
Arnett has provided enough detail about the stage and how it is successful in some cultures compare to the other. This article has also shown how emerging adulthood stage helps prepare adolescence for better future and help them explore their identity while getting them ready for adulthood. This comes with the disadvantage because some young people can take longer till they fully contribute to society. This is a type of a luxury that can’t be afforded by everyone.
Erickson referred to this period as the psychological conflict that adolescents experience (Berk, 2012, p. 600). During adolescence, teenagers struggle with finding themselves and establishing their own identity. They are in a transition period between childhood and early adulthood. Some teens will go through an identity crisis, while searching for their
Furthermore, various psychological theories will be drawn upon relating to events in the movie that depict adolescent identity development. Adolescence is the period between childhood and emerging adulthood (Sigelman & Rider, 2015). According to Behm-Morawitz and Mastro (2008), this period is generally categorized by development in different spheres of life and often revolves around an increased independence and freedom. In addition, during this period adolescents start to forge a sense of identity. The concept of identity refers to who you as a person and how you fit in society (Sigelman & Rider, 2015).
DEVELOPMENT PSYCHOLOGY: REFLECTIVE ESSAY In life of an individual there are several developmental changes or events which occur as continuity of span of life. Some of life developmental stages include infantile, adolescence, maturity, and adulthood. These phases have biological, social, psychological and physiognomic reasons to which an individual completed the course of life. Psychological analysis upon the developmental stages include the focus on characterization, demarcation and the social interaction of individual’s life (Baltes & Schaie, 2013).
The adolescence stage of development is a critical transition period in a child’s life because this is the stage at which the child struggles to discover their identity, as they evolve into adults. Throughout this transition, the child experiences different physical, cognitive, and social changes that cause the child to feel the need to reconsider their identity. Psychologist Eric Erikson theorizes that, “adolescents experiment with different roles while trying to integrate identities from previous stages”. This theory created by Erikson is the fifth ego crisis referred to as “identity vs. role confusion”. Identity vs. role confusion demonstrations the adolescent’s conflict between social role expectations, the need to fit in, and the ability
The purpose of this essay is to explain about risks-hobbies that teenagers do nowadays and how it would affect their lives. The first current harmful hobby for adolescences is doing bad party. Some teenagers would go for an event or occasion, where they could hear good music, dance, drink, and meet new people. This is very common because there are many teenagers who do that to relieve their stress.
Due to challenges as well as issues confronted by adolescents they may have identity confusion which is comprised of identity foreclosure, negative identity and diffusion. Identity foreclosure alludes to the identity crisis being resolved by making a series of premature decisions about one’s identity, based on other’s expectations of what and who one should be. Negative identity alludes to adolescents who form an identity contrary to the cultural values and expectations and diffusion refers to a kind of apathy in which the youth lacks any kind of passion or commitment (Louw&Louw, 2007). However, this challenge could be overcome by positive role identity or identity achievement which is “the sense of really knowing who one is and in general, where one is headed in life” (Fleming, 2004: 9).Erikson’s theory states that, throughout life, individuals go through various stages during which one will meet ever changing psychosocial challenges.
Identity development during adolescence Adolescence is a developmental transition between childhood and adulthood and also a period of prominent change for teenagers when physical changes are happening at an accelerated rate. Adolescence is not just marked by physical changes but also cognitive, social, emotional and interpersonal changes as well. The development of a strong and stable sense of self known as identity development is widely considered to be one of the crucial tasks of adolescence. Identity development of an adolescent is influenced by external factors, such as their environment, culture, religion, school and the media.