He also ordered the construction of a new capitol which was named Pi-Ramses A-nakhtu or “The Domain of Ramses Great victories.” It has almost disappeared today but they did find it. The israelites also helped build the city. They did a lot of the brick making, and Ramses boasted of the kindness he gave to them but the Bible notes that he was bitter (“Ramses 2”). He also changed Egypt by making peace with the Hittites who his father Seti was battling. He made peace with them by marrying one of his daughters (“Ramses 2 the Great”).
Pottery: It could be regarded as the earliest chemical process in which materials were mixed, moulded and fired to achieve desirable qualities. Thousands of pieces of pottery were found in the Rajasthan desert, varied in shape, size and colour. They show that prehistoric people knew the art of making pottery by using burnt clay. Coloured and wheel made pottery was found at Harappa. Pottery was decorated with various designs including geometric and floral patterns as well as human and animals figures.
It was constructed as a small fortress in 889 and largely ignored until its ruins rebuilt in the middle 11th century. It was built by Muhammed I in the middle of 8th century and completed by Muhammed II. Muhammed III built public baths and the mosque. Yusuf I and Muhammed V are responsible for most of the construction of the Alhambra. They used stones, ceramics, bricks and porcelain to build this Islamic edifice.
The Dome of the Rock is a shrine located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem. It was erected by the Muslim ruler Abd el-Malik in 688-691. The Dome of the Rock is the oldest Islamic monument that stands today and certainly one of the most beautiful. The rock over which the shrine was built is sacred to Muslims, Jews and Christians. The Prophet Muhammad, founder of Islam, is traditionally believed to have ascended into heaven from the site.
Resurgence of Encaustic Encaustic painting goes back to 100 A.D. and traditionally used in paintings of dead pharaohs. Encaustic is the art of using beeswax and/or damar resin infused with pigments and applied to a suitable surface to create a work of art - though other recipes of encaustic grade wax has been used as well. The use of encaustic to produce art only saw light again in the 20th century during the time when Bauhaus was established as an art academy in Weimar, Germany in 1919. The artists Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee were both fairly familiar with the use of encaustic and saw fit to bring it back into practice. This has been made possible specifically due to the invention of electrical heating plates/platforms which made encaustic painting a lot easier to learn and practice with.
Architecture is mostly based on the country which it is situated in, the context surrounding the architectural form to be built and the activities that it will encompass. Ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman architecture were the first approaches to influence and guide the rest of the architectural styles worldwide. To start with, the concept behind most Egyptian architecture was the strong belief in life after death. This faith justifies why the Valley of the Kings (where the tombs of the Pharaohs were constructed) is located on the Western Side of the Nile, where the sun sets, whereas the cult temples are on the Eastern side, the horizon on which the sun rises. Egyptian architecture had a great influence on Greek architecture since, like the Egyptians, they used posts and lintels, not arches.
Origin – Parallels with contemporary domestic architecture have suggested to some that these tombs were intended to copy houses of the living and hence to serve as true “houses for the dead”. Distribution and Chronology – This form of tomb is most common in the northeast and east. The earliest dated examples begin to be used in EM II and they generally go out of use during the MM II period, although the latest dated tomb at Mochlos (VI) was used as late as MM III. In the Mesara, complexes of long parallel chambers (i.e. Class 1 above) appear next to the tholoi at Siva and Platanos and seem to be late EM or even MM additions designed to contain bones and grave goods removed from the tholoi proper (i.e.
The ancient Thebes (the present city of Luxor) is located on the western bank of the Nile River (about 650 km south of Cairo). The Egyptian temple domains of Ptolemaic and Roman times formed the center stage for the dramatic performance of various cultic ceremonies, processions, and rituals throughout the year . The Ptolemaic temple of Hathor (Thebes) is located in the necropolis of Deir el Medina; a small valley was the area where a community of workmen who constructed the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings had their village. This small, graceful Ptolemaic temple, completely surrounded by a brick wall, is thought to have been originally founded by the architectural genius under Amenhotep III (c.1402–1364 BC). The compound embraces the sites of earlier temples and the remaining Ptolemaic temple itself is fronted by a staircase of Ramesses II.
Whereas blue and gold were used to signify the divine to show its unnatural appearance associated with precious materials. Black color expressed royal figures and fertility of Nile from which Egypt was born Today, The Metropolitan Museum of Art consists of approximately 26000 objects of historical, artistic and cultural importance dating from Paleolithic to the Roman period (ca.300,000 BC-AD. 4th century). Most of the collection of the museum is taken from the Museum’s 35 years of archeological work in parts of Egypt. It was initiated in 1906 in response to the increasing western interest in the Egyptian
• The Great Emperor Shah Jahan is credited for the construction of Mahal in the memory of his wife "Arjumand Bano Begum " know as Mumtaz Mahal who died in (1630 A.D.). • In Exterior Decoration elements were created by paint or by stone inlays or by carving . • Decoration Elements can be grouped into either Calligraphy vegetative motifs and Abstract Forms. • Abstract forms were used in the Plinth, Minarets, Gateway Mosque ( This is the Gateway Mosque by two different angle or sides ) • Inside building is decorated with Calligraphy designed flowers and precious Gems. • Interior Chamber is traditionally decorated and Chamber wall has been highly decorated with Dado and refined calligraphy pannels.