The classical Greeks contributed to, and influenced Western Civilization in several ways. For example, the classical Greeks contributed in many ways in the areas of the arts, both in visual pictures and physical sculptures. They also advanced greatly in both mathematics and science, most notably geometry and medical sciences. As well as this, they influenced Western Civilization through their philosophical thoughts and studies. While all of these contributions are significant to Western Civilization, the most important contribution is the development of a democratic government.
It was because of their cultural and intellectual revolutions that the world as we know it now exists. Perhaps one of the most influential contributions of the Ancient Greeks was their literature, specifically, their myths. Greek mythology is considered by scholars as the great classics of literature.
Athens and Sparta, located between the Aegean and the Ionian Sea, allied with each other in the Greco-Persian war. Due to the advanced and powerful navy of Athens incorporation with the well-built army of Sparta, they gained victory over the Persian Empire. After the victory, Athens gained wealth and dominance over the other Greek societies causing tensions between Sparta. They both share similarities towards their cultural background but had different views in creating an ideal society in addition to their state’s place in the world. Moreover, they differ from the concepts of a well trained or educated society and a well built military, but share similarities in their government format.
It will be very beneficial, thought Hatshepsut. I shall have the trade expanded to the neighboring areas. When she did this, Hatshepsut had done the greatest deed for her people and her country. There are many influential people of ancient times. In my perspective, the most influential ancient people are Hatshepsut, Archimedes, and Plato.
Pericles promoted the arts, literature, and philosophy. He gave inspiring and great speeches to give citizens the idea that they were an amazing civilization, and the most powerful. This overall boosts the ego of the Athenian Citizens and convinces them that they are a “master race”, and it also encourages them to become apart of their government, and work together. With the continuation of these speeches given by Pericles, it would lead the Athenians to show off their amazing achievements, by sending fleets into the Black Sea to demonstrate power, finding
Ruled by Ptolemy I Soter in 323 BC, he turned Egypt as part of the Hellenistic kingdoms. The rapid growth and influence of the Ptolemaic Kingdom mainly came from eagerness of Ptolemy I to further strengthen his own position as ruler. Housing the capital of Alexandria within the kingdom, Egypt became the most important learning center as libraries were constructed and Greek influence was nurtured into the part of the Egyptian culture. Egyptians with status and class, like Ptolemy I who had been recorded to have donated talents for the arts, were seen by the native Greeks as very skillful and educated. However, the political hierarchy within Egypt remained true to the traditional authoritative power of the Pharaohs.
Classical Greece has an abundant historical element that even influence today’s society. Through studying documents from Classical Greece, it is able to show the structure of its society. Works by Homer, Hesiod, and the Spartan military allow historians to further investigate the influence of these economic, and two literature documents giving a look into Classical Greece’s society. Classical Greece culture is the creation of multiple ancient societies. Once even compared to barbarians by the Persian this great society emerged in little time.
In this piece of work, it is essential to compare the two buildings while systematically considering their similarities and differences that have memorialized their existence until now. Similarities between Parthenon and Pantheon The Parthenon building in Athens was built and dedicated to the goddess Athena while the Pantheon was also built and similarly dedicated to all the gods of the Romans; hence they are referred to as temples. Furthermore, both buildings were used for public events when such need arises. The Parthenon and Pantheon are both ancient buildings and have strong big columns holding the building as well as serving as decorative pillars. Similarly, the Parthenon and Pantheon were high rising buildings which are typical of a classical
Both the Greek and the Roman architecture inspired the cultures and architects until these days due to the diverse meaning they carry and symbolize in astonishing ways through the different orders, columns, roofs, friezes, and domes. The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome depict the splendor of these two cultures. Starting with the Parthenon, it was completely constructed in 432 B.C.E by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates to honor the Athen’s patron deity, Athena, and to house her statue. It is rectangular and consisted of a series of Doric columns. However, it is a mixture of the Doric and Ionic orders.
The ideas of democracy, wisdom, religion is reflected in the Greek artwork, also represent the ancient people’s intelligence and creativity. The Greek sculptures reach the new height of beauty, not only because the mastery of the technique, but also the fascination of human body. Greek art uses the outer appearance to reflect the inner power, it is the representative pattern of western art. The myth inspires the creation of sculpture. The fantasy of nature and society and the admire of god’s shape and personality makes the sculpture more multiple and abundant.