R.K.Narayan belongs to the first generation of Indian novelists writing in English. The uniqueness of Narayan is realized through his multi-faceted image that has created an aura of his imagination. His novels are novels of character and the novelist has always tried to explore human existence with its elemental issues through the central consciousness of his novels. When we analyze the novels of R.K.Narayan, we find that there are different types of characters. The types seem to have a distinct identity telling us about the mark of Narayan’s conception of character.
His poems, novels and short stories are widely read throughout Bangladesh and India. Some of his famous short stories are Kabuliwala and The Ruined Nest. On the other hand, R.K Narayan is most known as one of the first leading Indian writers in English. He is an eminent figure in Indian literature due to his simple, unpretentious styles of writing. His works have given people outside Indian nations to peek into the cultures which revolve a fictitious South Indian town, Malgudi.
Sundaram calls Narayan’s work as “religious fables”. (Dewari 108) Hindu myths had gripped the mind of Narayan which is why it is seen flourishing in themes of most of his fiction. Also the western audience is not unknown to the traditional myths and superstition of Indian society therefore it is never rendered into shock through mild representation such as in Narayan’s work and therefore has been always accommodating. William Walsh once said “the religious sense of Indian myth is a part of Narayan’s reality, of his particular view of human life and his individual way of placing and ordering human feeling and experience.” (Walsh 166-167) We notice in Such Perfection how beautifully Narayan projects the superstition held by villagers on Soma’s Nataraja. The
R K Narayan’s very first novel ‘The Swami and Friends’ which came out in 1935 motivated the educationist Prof.Yeshpal to formulate the strategy to enable burdneless education for children which culminated in ‘Learn without burden’. His association with Nobel laureate, author Graham Greene vivisected his art of writing fiction and infused it with intensified creative powers. R K Narayan is well known for his series of popular novels like English Teacher, Vendor of Sweets, Financial Expert, Man Eater of Malgudi, Waiting for Mahatma etc., He is also well known for his short stories ‘A Horse and Two Goats’, ‘Under the Bunyan Tree’, ‘An Astrologers Day’ etc., fills the reader4 with the feeling of aesthetic pleasure and satisfactions of having read a good story. Typical South Indian middle class family life finds its full expression in his works. Narayan was not just writer of fiction.
The World of Nataraj A.Phaniraja Kumar This paper traces an extremely disparate periods in Narayan’s occupation that starts alongside ‘Talkative Man’ (1986) and wretchedly ends alongside this last novel, ‘The World of Nagaraj’ (1990). Living in his relations house alongside his wife Sita, Nagaraj fills his dates drinking coffee, acting odd jobs and arranging the book he aims to comprise concerning the sage Narada. But everything is agitated after Tim, the son of his landowning brother, Gopi, decides to depart residence and come live alongside Nagaraj. Tim’s wife Saroja’s Harmonica frolicking destroys the concord of his home. His design does not fulfil, that is, the irony of the novel.
At the outset the typology of eccentricity makes one aware of the rather alarming number of the eccentrics in Narayan’s novels. In fact, Narayan himself thinks that more eccentric people live here than elsewhere. One may even say that every third character in the Malgudi novels seems to be an eccentric. The eccentric characters seem to have largely contributed to populate Narayan’s novels. One cannot help being aware of their jostling and clamouring presence.
Mulk Raj Anand is one of the Indian English fiction writer along with R.K. Narayan, Ahamed Ali, Raja Rao, was one of the first India- based writers in English. Anand is the one of the famous critic writer in Indian English fiction. Anand is not only a novelist and he is also a short story writer and art critic writing in English. Anand was among those who gave Hindustani idioms to English. In his work he arise our pity among the poor peoples of India by showing a real- life representation of the people.
Mulk Raj Anand is renowed as the father of the Indian novel. This pioneer is credited as one of the first Indian authors, writing in English, to attain global readership. He was a prolific writer who has produced enormous work including short stories and
The communal writers are heavily influenced by Hindutva ideologies and heavily criticise eminent historians that adhere to objective standards of historiography. On the other hand, historiography in India also had positive spur with many eminent historians committed to adhere to scientific and objective criteria in order to write commendable books and articles that re-examine the Indian past and attempt to present it in the finest way. Of these, Romila Thapar is most notable. Other distinguished historians include R.S. Sharma, Upinder Singh, Irfan Habib and Bipin Chandra among others.