The African Kingdoms had many achievements before the Europeans arrived around 1500. The three major kingdoms were Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. These kingdoms focused mainly on trading with surrounding kingdoms, and because of this they were considered very successful. Many therefore call the consider the achievements of the African Trading Kingdoms to be a major success. Some major achievements of these kingdoms are forming a trading web, creating an advanced economical and social structure, and forming a way of communication with other groups that speak other languages.
In a celebration of New York, Koolhaas’s delirious New York depicts the city as a metaphor for the incredible diversity in human behavior. He suggests that the city holds infinite possibilities for material and fictional activities and events and that the ‘culture of congestion’ is ultimately the essence of a metropolitan lifestyle. He pays homage to Coney Island, "the laboratory", highlighting the vital role it played in the building philosophies that would emerge later in Manhattan.
In the Mary Karr’s poem “A Perfect Mess”, Karr describes the importance of human impulses and wonts in the stability of a given society. Specifically, she describes the chaotic nature of New York City and the role that an individual plays in upholding the beauty that is created by the chaotic nature of the city. She explains that although the law is in place to keep society flowing, that fluidity in truth comes from “the sprawl/of our separate wills”. Her position on the role of an individual in a specific society is that even though there are a great amount of people in any given group, each one as a separate human contributes their own free will through their actions, which, in turn, shapes and drives their society. She displays this through a hypothetical example which, although probably
The Ghana Empire was the first of the three major West African empires, and made many great progresses during its reign. However, the most important contribution that the Ghana Empire made during its rule was the advancement in trade. Because of its fine decision making in the taxing of the goods and the able rulers, Ghana was able to successfully expand its territory and become a very prosperous Empire.
El Anatsui is an African contemporary artist, who uses art to expresses the culture of Africa post colonialization. Anatsui uses natural materials such as wood, clay, and discarded bottle caps in his artwork. Many of his pieces reflect the Ghanaian culture, by using inspirations from Kente cloth, a traditional West African cloth made from woven textiles with multiple patterns. He uses his art to take a stand by informing people on the issues that Africa currently faces. Anatsui’s art references many historical events from Africa and around the world. He creates malleable sculptures that display the influence that European Colonization has had on African culture and the world. His sculptures are transformed displayed differently for each museum exhibit. El Anatsui uses different mediums to show the aftereffects of European colonization of Africa, alcoholism and the culture of West Africans.
The 60’s in the United States, the peak in popularity of postmodernism in architecture and philosophy, are also the years that mark the construction of millions of residential houses across the United States. But as the famous American architects such as Venturi, Graves and Neutra explore the modernist ideas of simplicity and functionality while building skyscrapers and residential complexes for wealthy clients, one architect decides to experiment on his own with the concept of a modern house, and builds one for himself trying to test some of his original ideas. The Moore House built in 1962 by Charles Moore in the outskirts of sunny Orinda, California, peacefully sits on the slope of a sunlit valley surrounded by an oak forest that gives the
Both the beautiful Fallingwater and the gorgeous Kentuck Knob are architectural masterpieces located in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Both were designed by the famous and talented architect Frank Lloyd Wright, but for two different families. Fallingwater was designed for the owners of Kaufmann’s department stores, the Kaufman family. While Kentuck Knob was designed for their friends, the Hagan family. The house are both similar in many ways, but also have many stunning differences.
Tiempo 's essay focuses on the theory and practice of Gutai art innovations and how they are interpreted and understood as Japanese modern art. Tiampo presents a well written essay with the intent to bring awareness of the history and impact of Gutai art. As a professor in art history, Tiampo offers, not only examples, but also detailed information about how Gutai art made important contributions to modern art history.
In this piece of writing, The Importance of Art, by Author Unknown, the author uses rhetorical devices to further emphasize their point about why art should be kept in school and what would occur if we no longer possessed this. The author directs this article towards both a young and old audience, by using their convincing tone and colloquial diction, as if they are having a friendly debate with the reader.
What is artistic expression? Artistic expression to me now is that artistic expression can be shown in many different ways. It is unique to the eye of the beholder, it can be interpreted in many ways, and it can be either very complex or easy to decipher. The artists takes all its feelings or perspective out through creation.
In the same region that the Ghana empire once existed, a new empire came to power. In the 1230s, the Malinke people took control of the trade routes in West Africa. King Sundiata conquered and united several smaller kingdoms to form Mali, extending their territory to the Atlantic Ocean.
In Rasmussen’s Experiencing Architecture, the author differentiates architecture from sculpture through utility. Therefore, the eye-catching curvilinear shapes of the hall’s exterior are more than bizarre geometric shapes. Surrounded by an urban setting, the concert hall’s undulating contours invigorates the cultural atmosphere of downtown Los Angeles. Spectators feel free to creatively interpret its ambiguous and novel shapes; whether the curves represent the crashes and clashes of orchestra or the frenzied hand gestures of the conductor, the concert hall ultimately reshapes the cultural landscape of LA as a unique architectural statement. Additionally, the materials used to construct the hall are stainless steel panels that hover above an asymmetrical band of glazing at the building’s base. This highly reflective material creates an appearance of “billowing sails” and captures the sunlight during the day and the city lights throughout the night. As the Sydney Opera House embodies Sydney, Australia, these malleable and illuminous curves serve as a symbol for the city of Los
Art is one of the biggest influencers in today’s world. It has the ability to make positive changes in a number of ways. It is a powerful form of expression used all around the world. In Yo-yo Ma’s writing, “Necessary Edges: Art, Empathy, and Education”, Ma discusses the importance of integrating arts in society and education; this differs from Rhys Southan’s writing, “Is Art a Waste of Time”, for it talks about how the “Effective Altruism” movement does not see art as valuable because it does not make major contributions to society. Art is a tool used to communicate with people; this tool positively impacts contemporary culture, for it brings different cultures closer together, changes opinions, and it is useful in education.