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The Art Nouveau Movement

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When and why the Art Nouveau movement was established:

The origin of movement
-The word "new Art" first appeared in 1884, a Belgian Art magazine "L 'Art Moderne", used to describe the Les Vingt work, this is a society made up of 20 progressive artists, including James Ensor (James Ensor). The artists responded to the main theories of French architect Eugene Emmanuel and British critic John Ruskin, who advocated the unity of all arts. In December 1895, german-born art dealer Siegfried Bing opened a gallery in Paris called Maison l 'art Nouveau. "Bing" stands out from the engravings of Japanese ceramics and ukiyo-e, promoting the "new art" in galleries and selling a range of furniture, fabrics, wallpaper and art.

-In France, this style combines
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This is a reaction to the academic art of the 19th century, inspired by natural forms and structures, especially the curves of plants and flowers.

-English is called New Art(Art Nouveau). This style is related to the style of many European countries at the same time, but not quite same: In Austria, it is considered to be a separation after Vienna; Modernismo in Spain; Modernism in Catalonia.

-New Art is a kind of art styles, including architecture, painting, graphic arts, interior design, jewelry, furniture, textiles, ceramics, glass, metal products and other art exquisite decorative
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It was first replaced by art deco and modernism, becoming Europe 's main architectural and decorative style.

The culture and social factors affecting the Art Nouveau movement:

-In 1837, Charles Louis Tiffany, founded Tiffany & Co a silver empire, and tiffany began his painting career. After the study of George innes, he began to work on decorative arts in the 1870s. With the support of enthusiastic customers in New York, he made elaborate interiors and complementary metal products, enamels, lights and jewelry.

-But tiffany and his main competitor, John Lafarge was best known for making lead-glass innovations, which is a classic American phenomenon. By 1881, his experiments in chemistry had led to the development of glass and produced a milky white light. From Tiffany on long island (Laurelton Hall) of the elaborate design of estate, can see his works, shows his work, including Windows, ceramic tile and architectural features, merging into a garden of niches. Tiffany dye his glass series of colors, and add fine details before ignition, created a revolutionary appearance, very successful, caused the company to expand to the decorative arts and jewelry
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