Famous novelist, Mark Twain writes his novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, to criticize the moral conditioning of society. Twain satirizes racism through slavery as Huck, the protagonist, goes on a journey with Jim, a freed slave, that he helps in escaping. Huck feels guilty throughout the journey because in helping a slave escape, he goes against the social ethics of society. His journey teaches himself that what society taught him is morally wrong, and he is willing to burn in hell to make things right. Twain uses satirical irony, mockery, and absurdity to achieve his purpose in criticizing the treatment toward African American slaves.
This shows Pap’s character towards African Americans and how he kidnap Huck and talks about the government which is not okay and that makes him more disrespectful: “when they told me there was a state in this country where they’d let that nigger vote, I drawed out. I says I’ll never vote again. Them’s the very words I said; they all heard me; and the country may rot for all me i’ll never vote again as long as I live. And to see the cool way of that nigger why, he wouldn’t a give me the road if I hadn’t shoved him out o’ the
Throughout the exciting escapades in the story The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, the conflicts and complements between individuals and society are constantly shown in the book especially when dealing with matters of conscience and personal principles of right or wrong. The author, Mark Twain, shows his point of view on these uncertainties by developing an internal struggle in the main character Huckleberry Finn to help give the reader a better idea of his own morals. Mark Twain has a lot of opinions about society and he conveys these opinions through his characters. One opinion about ignorance is shown in the following example: When Pap returns to town, he demands ownership of Huck. Huck refuses to stay with Pap, but society (in the form of the new judge) imposes the rule that Huck should rightfully be with Pap.
In the following statement, “It was ‘lection day, and I [Pap] was just about to go and vote myself if I warn’t too drunk to get there’ but when they told me there was a state in this country where they’d let that nigger vote, I drawed out” (Twain 27), the reader questions the decency in an abusive, alcoholic excuse of a man being able to vote over a black man. Comparatively, Twain suggests that someone’s color shouldn’t determine their basic human rights. Whether it be with voting, or even just having freedom from slavery, the corruption of equality leads to a major theme of the novel.
Although there are numerous instances where Huck’s moral growth can be seen, the individuals around such as Jim, will influence his moral growth greatly. Jim, a runaway slave, is the most influential individual when it comes to Huck’s moral development. During the beginning of the novel, Huck’s morals are primarily based on what he has learned from Miss Watson. Huck begins to become wary of such ideals that Miss Watson has imposed on him, and decided all he wanted “…was a change” (Twain 10).
Mark Twain emphasizes the theme that a person's morals are more powerful than the corrupt influence of society in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Based on how Huck Finn views the world and forms his opinions, he does not know the difference between right and wrong. In the novel, Huck escapes civilized society. He encounters a runaway slave, Jim, and together they travel hopes of freedom. But along the way, Huck and Jim come across troubles that have Huck questioning his motives.
In Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Huck and Jim bond closely to one another, regardless of the fact that they belong to different ethnic groups. Huck, a coming-of-age teenage boy, lives in the Southern antebellum society which favors slavery. At the beginning of the book, Twain claims that “Persons attempting to find a motive in this narrative will be prosecuted; persons attempting to find a moral in it will be banished; and persons attempting to find a plot will be shot” (Twain 2). Ironically, through his experiences with Jim, the uncivilized Huck gradually establishes his own moral beliefs, although sometimes struggling against the influence of society.
After living with Pap as a young boy and continually getting beat up, Huck looks for a way out. Huck shows early signs of maturity by escaping to Jackson’s Island while Pap is asleep and by covering the house in pigs blood to make it look as if he was murdered. While still in the very beginning of the novel, Huck has already matured tremendously. Another experience that Huck goes through is when Jim turns to Huck and says, “Pooty soon I 'll be a-shout 'n ' for joy, en I 'll say, it 's all on accounts o ' Huck; I 's a free man, en
When Huck steps away from his cocoon on the raft, he witnesses the Duke and the Dauphin's attempt to sell Jim, Huck’s loyal runawayformer-slave friend, back into slavery. Huck is confused by the men’s desire to sell Jim, but eventually concludes that he “will go to hell” to defend his friend (223). Huck’s tenacity and unwillingness to let Jim, his loyal companion, remain in the socially acceptable slavery, as well as his willingness to sacrifice his spiritual well-being to save his friend, conveys the idea that Huck disapproves of slavery and its principles. Huck’s situation, which exposes him to the heartless nature of society, is caused by the conniving actions of the Dauphin. The Dauphin is a con-man, who to feed his drinking habit, sells Jim for forty dollars.
Pap comes into the story when Huck feels that something isn't right however it is affirmed by Jim's hairball. Twain generalizations Pap as the average inebriated and harsh "white refuse. " Pap needs Huck to quit attempting to improve instruction, quit showing signs of improvement garments, and to quit attempting to be superior to anything his dad. The incongruity is that Pap should be develop and cultivated, yet he doesn't need Huck to better himself.
But when Pap disappears, the Widow Douglas and Miss Watson take Huck in and attempt to civilize him by giving him new, clean clothes, teaching him to read and write, and teaching him manners. Huck’s immaturity is evident in the beginning of the story with accounts of Huck’s shenanigans with Tom. He ruins his fresh clothes, sneaks out at night, gets in fights, joins a “robber gang”, and goes on adventures with his friends. His actions show that his morals aren't present and he could care less about trying to do the right thing and be a good boy for the Widow and Miss Watson.
In the beginning of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain proscribes his audience from finding a motive, moral, or plot. In using rhetorical strategies such as satire, irony, and humor he challenges the reader to look for deeper meanings not only in the Notice, but throughout the whole novel. His purpose was to shed light on the false ideals that society represents as seen through the eyes of young boy. The ironic events that prohibit Huck from being a dynamic character suggest the inadequacy of blind faith in society. Twain uses satire to show the conflict between slavery and Christianity.