He saw painting in a more abstract terms as the construction and arrangement of colors on a two dimensional surface. The flat abstract approached by the Cubists in their early paintings, such as Picasso’s “Factory at Horta de Ebbo” (1909) and Braques’s “Viaduct at
Fardin Ali Samad 1315155 (4b) Art deco movement The art deco movement relates to ornamental art, it was highly popular during 1920’s and 1930’s. The name “art deco” was kept later. Originally at the start this movement was known as “style moderne”. It is characterized by the Combination of decorative and fine arts. Began in France and was noticed after an expo “Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Morderne” that took place in Paris (Dickerson) (Heller).
Like its direction ahead of modernism, avant-garde was aimed at radical transformation of human consciousness through art, the aesthetic revolution that would destroy the spiritual backwardness existing society, with its artistic and utopian strategy and tactics were much more vigorous, anarchic and rebellious. Cubism is an art direction in the first quarter of the XX century, representative which depicted objective world in the right combinations of video geometric volumes: cubes, spheres, cylinders, cones. Classic representative of Cubism in painting is Jorge Braque, Pablo Picasso, Fernand Leger, Gris Juan Delaunay, Robert Jean Mettsenzhe. Dismemberment of real shapes and proportions, the transition to geometric silhouettes marked the transition to a fundamentally new direction - Cubism. This discovery Picasso did with French artist Georges Braque.
Art Deco is a movement that originated in the roaring 1920s and continued to develop through the Depression-ridden 1930s. Its name was derived from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, held in Paris in 1925, where the style was first exhibited. Although it had European origins, it was America that developed it and embraced its wide appeal. It was a movement that celebrated both the individually crafted luxury items and the mass-produced products. The intention was to create a sleek and anti-traditional elegance and that symbolised wealth and sophistication.
“After witnessing the horrendous consequences of this war, surrealists strove to depict the world from the inside out, from the vantage point of an “inner reality, the surreal” (p.4, Harmon) Dali used specifically the giraffe on fire to symbolize the Spanish Civil War. When the war was going on, Dali had decided to flee Spain and go to America because of how bad the war had been getting and controversy in the political system. The giraffe is also supposed to symbolize more war to come. Which Dali was not wrong as for World War I and World War II had
When colonists began bringing back artifacts of African art, the posh masses of France flocked to see the ‘art’ created by such savage and animalistic beings (.48). When this Art was brought back to France, it inspired Pablo Picasso to create one of the first works of cubism. In 1907 Picasso visited the Trocadero Museum of Paris; He stated “the masks were not like any other pieces of sculpture, not at all. They were magic things.” In the same year, Picasso created “Les Demoiselles d 'Avignon” or, “The Young Ladies of Avignon”, which can be seen in Figure 1. This work is considered a major step in the creation of the cubist style.
He created an important example at every stage of his career from the classical works of the 1920s to the works produced in occupied Paris during the 1940s. Guernica (1937) by Picasso is one of the most famous paintings of all time. The painting reveals the importance of Spain, war, and most of all bullfighting. Picasso’s connection to his homeland of Spain is evident in Guernica, named after a small country town in north Spain that was the target of a terror bombing exercise by the
The painting The Love Letter, by Jean Honore Fragonard and the painting Marie Josephine Charlotte du val d’Ognes by Marie Denise Villers are similar yet distinct in their own ways. The clear and explicit movement in art was the change from Rococo to Neoclassical styles in art. These two styles are clearly different, but there are still subtle similarities. Rococo embodies pastel colors, and
It was then dubbed the most influential art piece of the 20th century, and started an artistic revolution that “severed forever the traditional link between the artist’s labor and the merit of the work” (Hensher 2-5). The Fountain inspired many 20th century artists including Damien Hirst, an artist famous for his controversial pieces, Andy Warhol and is also said to have inspired Banksy, a very influential street artist and political activist (Perry 442). The birth of many art movements of the 20th century became a by-product of the Dada Movement. “Dada is the groundwork to abstract art and sound poetry, a starting point for performance art, a prelude to postmodernism, an influence on pop art, a celebration of anti-art to be later embraced for anarchy-political uses in the 1960s and the movement that lay the foundation for Surrealism” (Lowenthal 1). The influence Dada had on the art world was revolutionary and changed the very logic behind
Two years later in 1899 he moved back to Barcelona and discovered other artists who shared similar interests as him. Around that time he broke through his classical teachings and started his lifelong process of experimentation and innovation. Picasso was highly acclaimed for reinventing himself by using such radically different styles throughout his career as an artist. Picasso’s styles of painting have been divided into several periods for a better understanding of his methods and the significance behind each. At the turn of 20th century after moving to Paris was the beginning of Picasso’s most distinct period called the “Blue Period”, named after the colour that dominated most of his paintings.
Synchromy in Purple Minor in Blanton by Stanton Macdonald-Wright is an abstract painting with an intention of creating a new language of art to express the musical rhythms and depicting space and color through the uses of blocks of color rather than lines and modeling like that of the Renaissance and Baroque art. Stanton Macdonald-Wright applied thin layers of dry paint in wide strokes on the canvas to create flat surfaces of color. In some regions, the painter uses the technique of drybrush to create a scratchy texture that let the under layer of white paint to show through. This created the transition from dark and intense hues to lighter shades of that hue, giving the colors a transparent quality. Although chiaroscuro modeling is not used,
They compare his strategy of marketing and reproduction of Mackintosh productions as an assembly line technique, referring to his process as a Fordist approach to theatre. The New York Times described “Mackintosh technique” in an article about him from 1990. In this article, the writer asserts the Mackintosh method is to open a show in London, which will cost significantly less than it would on Broadway. After opening in London, releasing the London cast album in America and heavily promoting the newly released album. By doing this Mackintosh ensures the growth of anticipation for a production of the show in America.