Dada Vs Dadaism

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Dadaism or Dada was a form of artistic movement born out of disgust and hate for the social, political and cultural values of that time. It embraced elements of art, music, poetry, theatre, dance and politics. Dada was not so much a style of art like Cubism or Fauvism or pop art; it was more a protest movement with an anti-establishment manifesto.
Art movements are usually named by critics but Dada was the only movement to be named by the artists themselves.. When Hans Richter joined the group in 1917, he assumed that 'Da-Da' was taken from the Slavonic language of Tzara and Janco and meant 'Yes-Yes' - an enthusiastic and positive affirmation of life and even In Russian dada means yes yes. Another and more often accepted version was
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Mutt and was the only work to be barred from the exhibition. In effect "Fountain" was a white porcelain urinal that had been lifted straight off the factory shelf and placed on a plinth as an artwork. By signing the object, Duchamp was declaring it to be a work of art and challenging the establishment's position on what could be considered as a piece of art. Duchamp believed that everyone had the potential to be an artist and that everything had the potential to be interpreted as art. Through the eyes of Dada all art of the past had been discredited and "Fountain" was the declaration of a new democracy which entitled artists to widen their frame of reference in their quest to draw meaning from the…show more content…
Dada embraced elements of art, music, poetry, theatre, dance and politics. Dada aimed to create a climate in which art was unrestricted by established values. Dada was anti-establishment and anti-art. The name 'Dada' means 'hobbyhorse' or the exclamation "Yes-Yes". The Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich was the birthplace of Dada. After the war the Dadaists relocated to Berlin, Cologne, Hanover and New York. The Dadaists published 'manifestos' and magazines to help communicate their ideas. The Dadaists used techniques such as automatism, chance, photomontage and assemblage. The Dadaists introduced the concept that an artwork could be a temporary installation .The Dadaists expanded the boundaries and context of what was considered acceptable as art. Several Dada exhibitions caused public outrage and were closed by the authorities. Dada influenced the development of Surrealism, Action Painting, Pop Art, Happenings, Installations and Conceptual Art. The main artists associated with Dada were Hugo Ball, Tristan Tzara, Marcel Janco, Richard Huelsenbeck, Jean (Hans) Arp, Raoul Hausmann, Hannah Höch, John Heartfield, Kurt Schwitters, Johannes Baargeld, Johannes Baader, Max Ernst, George Grosz, Hans Richter, Francis Picabia, Man Ray and Marcel
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