Art and Craftsmen took part as well in all the Mayas, the Aztecs, and the Incas. “[The Aztecs] wove cotton cloth, made pottery, carved in stone and other materials, made musical instruments and elaborate costumes of feathers.” Maldonado (4) They were very talented in achieving masterpieces of art. The Incas built cities out of stone, they also wove woolen cloth impressively, they made pottery as well as the Aztecs, yet they also made exquisite jewelry. Patel (4). The Maya artists produced materials to make things with, such as “goods made of cotton, feathers, clay, wood, and precious metals and stones.” Hopkins (5).
In the sixteenth century Leonardo da Vinci created his most famous portrait of a Florentine lady with his sfumato managed to portray masterfully traces the beautiful girl. The Titian's fame is due to the pictures, which in his painting called "Young English" Titian can print these deep eyes in great detail. There was a rivalry between the bourgeoisie of that period, because everyone wanted to be eternalized, painters gave their portraits that eternal feeling with his art. The Catholic Church felt the need to portray their history thus attracting faithful with his realistic paintings impressed the faithful. With paintings and sculptures kept alive in the memory of the sacred episodes faithful.
Houses of the noble class were bigger, and, as mentioned, were more lavishly decorated.A big part of entertainment for the Aztecs was the Aztec ball game. Special occasions and the players were celebrities.There were also various classes of common people.There were farmers, who were very efficient.There were merchants, who would travel and trade.These people had a fair amount of freedom to be independent and wear stylish clothes.There were artisans of different kinds. Every type of job needed to run a society that you can imagine. Aztec life was permeated by religion. The cycles of the calendar and rituals associated with it to keep nature in balance and to please the gods were a big part of Aztec culture for more see on Aztec
They played the role of doctors. Priests also taught science, art, writing, music, dance, history, and counting. They also had great knowledge in astronomy and astrology, performing difficult ceremonies. Religion plays an important part in the lives on Aztecs, also very complicated because they inhabited aspects of people they conquered. They believe in three high gods:
Cedar can often represent immortality because it doesn’t decay and it is very hard to break. It is also prized by the gods and humans alike because of the fragrant scent and if you were to obtain one, it would show wealth, and strength. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Lady Ishtar descends from the heavens after Gilgamesh and Enkidu conquered Humaba, she demanded Gilgamesh to be her lover. She then says as a promise to Gilgamesh, “You shall enter our house beneath the fragrance of cedars”
Artists such as Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo and Albrecht Durer were all sponsored by patrons who developed their skills and talents. Michelangelo created the powerful sculpture of David (1504) in Florence. “Michelangelo’s work represents the epitome of art during the renaissance, a time of cultural rebirth” It symbolises the power of the individual and the power of the state at the time. A powerful patron that was Pope Julius 2nd commissioned Michelangelo to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel which conveyed the individuality and talent of this cultural genius. “Painters now faithfully depicted the beauty of mountains, rocks and gardens for their own sakes.” These artists “experimented with perspective, paid greater attention to proportion, shadowing and naturalistic representation and took their subjects from antiquity.” Although many new techniques such as perspective and linear drawings were introduced, they also learnt from both the Greeks and the Romans about soul when they drew a human face.
The essence of god 's, religion, and believing in a higher power who controls your life was a very agreeable proposal for most back a thousand years ago. Having the structure of living a life with rules and morals was a positive thing for the chaos of amorphous period of uncertainty. It’s a conviction that provides togetherness, the belief in the afterlife, and purpose to one’s life. During the Middle Ages, religion in the form of Christianity dominated the lives of all citizens, rich and poor. In the Ancient times, gods and goddesses defined how people acted, lived, and died.
Religion can be very powerful and can influence people to behave in certain ways. This is especially true when referring to the Aztecs. They took their religion and culture very seriously which is why is the main reason they were so focused on human sacrifice and bloodletting. It begins with Aztec creation myths as they are the foundation to the Aztecs sacrificing themselves for the gods. “They jumped into the sacrificial fire and became the sun and the moon.” (AD1, p.3) Because the gods like Nanahuatzin and Tecuciztecatl volunteered themselves for the Sun and to keep it alive and healthy, future Aztecs felt obliged to further maintain the Sun through various sacred rituals.
Analyzation of Aztec Sacrificial Myths Human sacrifice has been prevalent throughout the history of the Aztec Empire. With the practice being so important the mythology surrounding them were just as influential to their society and monumentally important to our understanding of their practices. The Aztec people had many deities that represented the sun, moon, earth, death, creation, up until the late 20th century it was thought that these sacrifices were meant to please or worship these gods. Due to the finding of recent lore, opinions have changed, specialists now believe that it was a way of humbling oneself, repaying parents, revivifying the gods, or atonement for sins committed by the gods. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the
They made silver jewelry, chokers, and large necklaces. They spoke a language that is a part of the largest language family in the world and believed in a strange religion. The most popular form of art to the Apache people was basketry. It was something only the mothers and daughters did. They passed it down from one generation to the next.
The caste system was a widely used practice among many civilizations. it was what developed social organization in both positive and negative ways for some civilizations. For example, in Babylonia, during Hammurabi 's time, rights were given based on a caste system. The Indians caste system had their priests (Brahmins) as the highest due to how strongly they believed in their religion. The Egyptians caste system had their pharaohs at the top of their caste system because of how well they respected their rulers.
One example of their architecture that shows how important their gods were to them is the Deffufa. The Deffufa is a large block built from masonry mud and the palaces and temples were placed on top of this. This is very similar to how Cahokia was set up, the elite members were closest to the gods and the gods were held above all others in terms of importance. The Deffufa was found in the city of Kerma, and it is believed that this was a Nubian ceremonial place. The Deffufa is still an important ceremonial location today and many people visit it.
Axes were used on a daily basis. Many people believe that axes that were offered to the Gods symbolizes the importance of the tool in regards to agricultural rites. However, the axes that were found in El Manati was of superior quality and shows a drastic difference between domestic and ceremonial axes. Ceremonial axes shows great craftsmanship compared with the domestic axes. During the first two phases, axes were carefully formed to a certain distinct shape and size that looked almost similar to one another.
The Aztecs religious beliefs The Aztecs of Mexico City had very unique beliefs. They worshiped in the temple which is in the middle of the exhibit. The Aztec temples were almost always offering mounds, the priest of the Aztec religion would use these temples to worship and pray. They also used it for offerings to the Aztec Gods. The way the Aztec’s way of worshiping was praying and sacrificing.
They were thought to be Quetzalcoatl, a god with light skin, red hair, and light eyes. The Spaniards fit the description very well. The Aztecs were a polytheistic religion and also practiced human sacrifice. The Spaniards observed that the Aztecs had wealth trading and the tribute from conquered people. The Spaniards began to try to influence the Aztecs people.