For many people, gaining a competitive edge is crucial in one 's success, even if it comes at a cost. In modern professional and amateur sports, the introduction of performance enhancing drugs has dramatically changed the nature of the game. Arthur Caplan, author of A Shot in the Rear: Why Are We Really against Steroids?, presented argumentative reasons from both supporters and objectors of steroid use. While Caplan attempted to use persuasive appeals, the lack of sources used combined with a poor structure severely weakened his argument. In order to enhance his argument, Caplan used persuasive appeals, such as logos and ethos. Found throughout his essay, logos appeals were used to support his reasoning. For instance, he used logical appeals …show more content…
Instead of grouping both sides of the argument in separate sections, Caplan attempted to format the essay like a conversation, or an informal argument. He introduced the issue, explained one side of the argument, gave information around athlete steroid scandals, provided the other side of the argument, included a rebuttal to the other side, and then concluded. Instead of creating an effective and unique format, the argument appears cluttered with ideas, reasons and rebuttals. For the audience, a clear format is key to the success of the argument as the readers must be able to comprehend the main points with ease. If one is not able to understand the argument, the credibility of the argument is compromised as the reader may not trust the argument if the author fails to make the information clear. Another weak point of the argument is the lack of total sources used. It is understandable that an argument in the form of a research paper is not effective, but more sources are needed to better qualify his claims. Including himself, Caplan used only three credible sources throughout the essay that provided one source supporting steroid usage, and one source against it. The information found in paragraphs seven through thirteen do not add to the total source count, as there is no mention of where the information was
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Major league baseball players are at the most competitive level now than they have ever been. Some may think it is for the use of performance-enhancers. Many players are getting caught using steroids and other enhancers. Some of the greats have lost their records and accomplishments they made because they used enhancers. Baseball players are using performance-enhancers to get to the top of the game and stay.
Most Athletes Do Drugs, But Who Really Cares Athletes using performance enhancing drugs have always been in the media. When a beloved athlete is caught using drugs the media tears them apart. Any one’s favorite athlete could become nothing to them after a drug test. The articles “Cheating and CHEATING” by Joe Posnasnski and “We, the Public, Place the Best Athletes on Pedestals” by William Moller, show two sides of the effects of media as well as fame for athletes. As mentioned, “Cheating and CHEATING” by Posnanski gives its own side to the effects of media.
Grendel was a wise man and didn't mind a fight. Grendel was hairy, muscular and smelled like a onions on a sunny day. Several people followed him because of his confidence and his arrogant ways. His peers could smell his cockiness from a mile away. People didn't understand why he was so mean
By allowing professional athletes to use drugs, what message are we sending out to young sports players and those who idolize their sporting heroes? Is the goal to inform them on how to cheat, or how to use your own muscle and blood to win? Performance-Enhancing drugs used by athletes can cause many health problems and create an unfair advantage to other athletes. Many of the performance enhancers used have serious health risk and allow the use of such substances could cause peer pressure to all athletes to consider using them. Athletes dreaming to improve their performance the easy way are often the first you see to start using substances; this places them at risk of the many consequences.
Therefore this is showing that the history that drugs have in sport is not deterring athletes from using performance enhancing drugs but instead influencing athletes to take part in doping because they have seen that without the use of technology to get away with doping, athletes were able to get away with using these
At first, when medical research suggested that the game causes neurological damage, the league spent years denying it. (3) Now that medical evidence is proving it, the league had looked for other means by fining defenders of helmet-to-helmet hits to be safe. On the other hand, the sport’s popularity makes players into celebrities and make news on the front page of the magazine. However, most players do not really care about the future effect that football has on them, all they care about is to be famous, and make some money, and live a good life. In the article, Almond stated that he had numerous difficult conversations with friends in the course of writing his argument.
In 1889, Bud Galvin became the first man to use steroids in american sports when he tried to inject hormones from animals into himself. “Charles Brown-Sequard's "Elixir of Life," which became the earliest known performance enhancing drug in American professional sports when Pud Galvin of the Pittsburgh Alleghenys used it in 1889” (VICE). Since then steroids have been a staple in american sports, especially the game of baseball. When people think of the best player in baseball many people will say without even thinking about, Babe Ruth, the great yankee slugger who hit close to 720 homeruns in what people will call the dead ball era. Babe Ruth, however may have been using some sort of performance enhancing drug when he was still playing with
Chris McCandless was in his early 20’s, he was the kind of that guy that wanted to learn and experience life without all of the material things. He wanted to be independent from his parents and friends so Chris did something that would be insane for most of us humans but to him, it wasn’t. He went into the wild of Alaska for months, in fact, McCandless even thought he could make it out alive at the end of his journey. As a matter of fact, he was known as being a risk taker and enjoyed being out and about in the nature side of the world. Many would believe that Chris McCandless went into the wild to purposely kill himself; however, I myself believe that McCandless did not do it purposely.
A step in this direction is the new drug testing program that was negotiated and approved by the owners and players for the 2005 season. It is far more comprehensive, intrusive, and punitive than the 2002 program that it replaced. Time will tell whether the new program will rid the sport of the blight which allows juiced-up players to achieve phony records that overshadow authentic accomplishments (Staudohar. 2005).” All players work hard everyday, but the ones who are taking steroids to get ahead faster are just cheating themselves. Although, there could be a brighter side to steroid use.
They claim that the spirit of sports is not in its fairness but in the athletes themselves. They continue and say that the decision of the athlete from the way he trains to what he eats to whether or not he decides to use PEDs is what make the spirit of the sport. They also mention that other professional activities as in musical performances these performer use drugs to calm their nerves. This opposing more permissive view offers me the opportunity to present an argument on whether PEDs should be banned or not and how that would affect the sporting
Introduction: One of the largest industries in the United States is the professional sports industry; it brought in $63 billion in 2015 1. Professional athletes are seen as strong and talented, but how much of their strength and talent is achieved naturally? Performance-enhancing drugs have been increasingly used in professional sports and are prohibited from being used, but should they be prohibited?
Athletes use of performance enhancing drugs has become all too common in today’s society. With many athletes testing positive for doping, sports are becoming tarnished with athletes trying to gain an unfair advantage on their competitors. Although players are tested often for such drugs, there are still many loopholes and some drugs are not detected by current systems. So what would cause an athlete to put their body at risk to gain just a slight edge on their competitor? Sports should be a test of real skill, not artificial skills given by doctors.
I found more research on Chittom, Lynn-nore and Ann Griswold. "Counterpoint: Performance Enhancing Drugs Should Be Banned. " Points of View: Steroids,. This tells me why we should ban steroid use to people who are misusing them. The research also tells me that athletes are misusing steroids and that they should be banned.
AS91101 - 2.4 Writing Portfolio Piece Two - Cooper Title: Drugs in sports Drugs have become an integral part of any modern day sporting event. Drugs give an unfair advantage to the user and the competitors that are using enhancements are not using their own full abilities to win the Olympic medal or championship. This makes it unfair to other competitors that are not using a drug or other enhancements to compete. Athletes like Lance Armstrong and Nadzeya Ostapchuk not only give sportsmen and women a bad reputation but influence the way the public think about sports and run the risk of addiction and long-term health issues.