Mccarthyism caused americans to turn against each other due to, fear, political reasons, and growing hysteria. Clearly, Mccarthyism stoked fear in americans. One reason for this is because people seeked higher power and would go to extremes just to obtain it. For example, “In 1949 when communists led by Mao Zedong took control of China and the soviets detonated an atomic bomb” (Roberts).
McCarthy manipulated the media, told outrageous stories about the communist conspiracy in the United States, and used his power and America’s fear to besmirch any opponents as “communist sympathizers” to make sure he remained at the top. Actually, most conservative members of Congress supported McCarthy because it helped them gain votes during elections. The majority of McCarthy 's movement attacked liberals and members of the Democratic Party and this aided anyone who was not part of those topics and organizations. Then McCarthy began to target the Army because they wouldn’t favor David Schine, one of his former investigators, who had been drafted in. “Senator Joseph McCarthy began hearings investigating the United States Army, which he charged with being ‘soft’ on communism.
During the Red Scare there was an enormous amount of McCarthyism, accusing people with no evidence; this explained best, “Joseph McCarthy thought that it was his duty to get rid of communists in Washington”(Kraine).”Worries that the Soviet Union 's communist ways would infiltrate the United States led to a significant amount of paranoia within the American government” (“Why”).Senator Joseph McCarthy was
With the dropping of the Atomic bomb that ended WWII and the beginning of the Cold War, the United states was in distress. The start of the 1950s brought about many changes to American society, from the Red Scare and threat of the possible spread of communism in America, to changes in political movements, civil rights movements, and another possible war. The political climate in the 1950s was a period when people made judgement without proof based on people’s occupations, it instilled a fear that anyone could be a communist and pushed McCarthy to find and dispose of them. Factors that influenced this political crisis and fear go back years to 1917 when communism was recognized as a political force. It was known as the last red scare.
Begin the book, with the infamous Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton duel to entice readers, Ellis shows the underlining factors of the duel as well as intensity of American politics. Ellis displays Col. Burr’s reasoning for his challenge “ And it is perfectly possible that Burr’s smoldering hatred for Hamilton had reached such intensity, that once he had his tormentor standing helplessly in his sights, no rational calculation of his own best interests was operative at all.” Not only did American politicians viciously and tactfully undermine each other, but also encouraged staff members, “ In the meantime, Adams made one of the biggest mistakes of his presidency by keeping most of Washington's cabinet members as his own. They all had more loyalty to Hamilton than to the new president, and would continue to work against Adams's plans.”
That being said, that’s not even the exact number. It’s just an estimate, to get people amazed and betrayed by Harry Truman because it was supposedly half a million. “The hellish firebombing of Tokyo in March 1945 killed some 250,000 civilians and maimed huge numbers more.” although this is not about Hiroshima or Nagasaki, it 's still pretty tragic that the U.S. did that. Why couldn’t they just settle down and sort things out?
Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible in 1953, as a response to McCarthyism, which is, in general, accusing people of crimes with little to no proof. It ran rampant through the United States during the Second Red Scare through the early 1950s (exactly when Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible). In The Crucible, Miller juxtaposes the leaders, who rationally think for themselves, and the followers, who believe what everybody else believes, through irony, imagery, and denotation. The Crucible is riddled with irony, and Arthur Miller utilizes situational and dramatic irony to show the difference between followers and leaders.
After World War II, the fear of autocratic governments and communism spread, especially within the United States. The idea of having a restrictive leader produced fear amongst citizens, creating a sense of distrust towards neighbors or officials that might support such a faction; this anti-communism movement was known as the Red Scare. Spearheaded by Senator Joseph McCarthy, the domestic war-on-communism reached an extreme, one that took away the freedoms of this nation’s people. Americans sacrificed civil liberties and privacy in an effort to deter the totalitarian wave from taking root in their country.
While this paper includes many books and historiography articles that have the same or very similar theses, Aronson’s history study is most in-depth. Aronson delves into the many root causes of the harsh Russian resentment towards the Jews. These sources of resentment include economic, social, political and religious conspiracies embedded into the Russian resentfulness towards the Jews. Aronson’s organization of his book is helpful to understand the flow and natural progression of the resentment, and the eventual build-up, resulting in the disastrous pogroms. The sources and evidences that Aronson used to further develop his thesis make his proposition seem nothing but logical and valid.
The Jewish and Black community had a lot in common dealing with slavery and the holocaust, but the media changed them as people. The Black community knew the Jewish people have been in trouble as shown in “Near Enough to Reach” Letty Cottin Pogrebin states “Only Jews listen,/only Jews take Blacks/only Jews view Blacks as full human beings(Smith 50)”. The blacks know how Jewish people feel and how they were treated. The Jewish people know of the struggle and pain. Pogrebin also stated “I mean Jews and Blacks,/that’s manageable,/we’re near,/we’re still near enough to each other to reach(Smith 50)!”
During his career Hoover made many enemies, however his rivalry with senator Joseph McCarthy was perhaps one of the most important. John Edgar Hoover, being the secretive man he was, supplies information to HUAC and senator McCarthy, and therefore, unintentionally helped spread McCarthyism in the United States during the Cold War (Thom and Jung 347). At first, Hoover viewed McCarthy as a friend and thought McCarthy felt likewise, as Tim Weiner states. McCarthy however began attacking numerous people and organizations with accusations. McCarthy’s attacks soon began threatening national security, causing Hoover to perform damage control (184).
Sam Robert’s article, “A Decade of Fear” explains how McCarthyism turned Americans against each other after World War 2. In the first place he lied about communists being in the U.S. senate. As stated in Sam Robert’s article, “News of McCarthy’s accusations against the state dept. of president Harry Truman sent shock waves across the nation.” McCarty’s statements made him look like a gallant anticommunist and gave him power. As a matter of fact, he was considered more of a witch hunter.
Their names were often publicized, and they were denied other jobs.” (Case Against the Rosenbergs) This was the government’s method of trying to calm and pacify the public and it for the most part worked. The Red Scare, where Americans feared Communism’s rise in our country, was a terrible time for most.
Sam Robert’s article, “A Decade of Fear” explains how McCarthyism turned Americans against each other by spreading the fear of Communism. Senator McCarthy informed the citizens of America about Communist spies deep within our government on February 10, 1950. He states “ I have here in hand list of 205-a list of names that were made known to the secretary of state as being a member of the Communist Party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping policy in the state Department.” This quote proves that McCarthy did infact say to the public that there were Communist spies in the United States. It spread fear into the citizens because they were afraid that the country will turn Communist because of the Russian spies in the government.
According to Commager, among those who are really disloyal are “Those who for selfish and private purposes stir up national antagonisms” (Foner 240), i.e. those politicians and public figures who cause national panic and an animosity towards a certain group. At this point in history, those at the wrong end of the stick were communists, for the anticommunist crusade was in full swing during the Cold War. Ironically, in 1950 three years after “Who is Loyal to America?” was published, Senator Joseph McCarthy delivered his infamous speech claiming that the United States State Department was infested with communists, sparking an age of McCarthyism and bringing about the most ruthless times of the anticommunism crusade. Those who did not conform