The Crucible by Arthur Miller is based on the true events of the Salem witch trials. Set in the 17th century The Crucible told the story of a town that ensued a hunt for witches, caused by the accusations of Salem 's young girls and their ring leader Abigail Williams. Arthur Miller wrote this play to symbolize 1950’s McCarthyism. Most readers are unfamiliar with McCarthyism. So for a brief explanation, McCarthyism was carried out under senator Joseph McCarthy during 1950-1954 against alleged communist in the US government and in other institutions.
I’ll murder you, he says, if my wife hangs! We must go and overthrow the court, he says!’” (Miller 119). Miller gives insight into how the accusations around 1950-1954 may have also included the pressure of higher authority forcing someone (of the lower authority) with power, money, and etc. to testify false accusations. The author presents an interesting story that mirrors and represents a different time period, displaying the social injustice of people as they are motivated by fear, jealousy, hatred of one another, and more.
It was over fifty years ago when the “wrestling match” between FBI director J. Edgar Hoover and Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. began. It was a long and really big feud which took place over many years. It was a stupid feud just like the feud from in Romeo and Juliet and could have been easily avoided. The feud began when the FBI started monitoring King after he took place in a bus boycott in 1955. Right away Hoover did not like King and thought he was influenced by communists.
I strongly agree with Robert’s claim. McCarthyism resulted in Americans turning against each other because of politicians greed for power, paranoia, and the fear of communist infiltration. Clearly, Senator McCarthy’s greed for political power led to American citizens’ unrest. In Arthur Miller’s “The Crucible”, John Proctor dealt with the corruption of power in his town when Abigail Williams and many other girls accused those, who were innocent, of witchcraft. Similarly, americans were being blacklisted by McCarthy because they believed these people may have
Within some months 300,00 suspected enemies of the revolution were arrested and 17,000 or more were executed mostly by guillotined Robespierre was able to eliminate many of his political opponents. Robespierre wanted more purges and executions and later many revolutionary government began to question his motives and coalition of moderates and revolutionaries formed to oppose Robespierre and his followers. On July 27, 1794 him and his allies were arrested and then the next day he was executed . After heads of Robespierre and other radicals
In Arthur Miller 's play The Crucible, false accusations and fear are used to imprison and kill many people accused of being witches. In this way, The Crucible stands as an allegory for McCarthy 's communist hunt, during which many people were also killed and imprisoned due to accusations of communism. By comparing McCarthyism to the Salem Witch Trials, Miller is able to communicate that people should not conform to societal trends because these trends may be misleading and cause innocent people to get hurt. Many characters in The Crucible serve as allegories to McCarthy 's communist hunt, specifically Abigail Williams, Giles Corey, and Betty Parris. Abigail is indirectly compared to McCarthy at many points throughout the play.
One of his most famous books “Fahrenheit 451” was published during the “Red Scare,” which was the thought that communists were spying on Americans on their own land during the Cold War. He experienced the Cold War also, in which a lot of people were terrified that the communists could strike America at any time. Bradbury wrote about McCarthyism and censorship because those were trendy topics throughout America at the time. He gave scared people an outlet through his writings to comfort themselves during what was going on at the time. During the time Bradbury started writing, time was vigorous with people not having much money and the amount of wars, and NPR (2017) said “He said it was a time when people couldn 't imagine the future, and
There are two ways that stick out to me that The Crucible is an allegory for McCarthyism. In Salem the people accused were “tried and the court had the power to hang them” (52) if they didn’t confess and accuse others of being witches. This same thing happened during McCarthyism, those accused were assumed guilty, put on trial, and expected to accuse other people of being Communist. Since the girls were “all marvelous pretenders” (106) and lied about actually seeing spirits they ruined lives of many people. This same thing happened with McCarthyism, since McCarthy claimed he had a list of over 200 names of Communists in political positions he ruined lives as well.
The treasonous acts of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg ended with their conviction and finally, their executions, these events increasing the fear of Communism across America. After the arrests in 1950, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg appeared in federal court on charges of foreign espionage. “[David] Greenglass agreed to cooperate with investigators if his wife was spared prosecution. Within two months of his confession, the Rosenbergs were jailed and charged with conspiracy to commit espionage” (Roberts). The atrocious doings of the Rosenbergs and their operatives ultimately caused the most controversial spy trial of the Cold War.
Alger Hiss was a United States government official and government official Whittaker Chambers eventually threw Hiss under the bus leading Hiss to be “the central symbol in America’s struggle over domestic communism” (17). Hiss tried denying multiple times that the accusations were lies and he was innocent of anything Chambers implied but “on January 21 1950, a jury found Hiss, and attorney with a once-promising career in the State Department, guilty on two counts of perjury - for having lied about his Communist connections in the 1930’s” (17). This eventually sent Hiss to be in a federal penitentiary for four years and also his testimony exposed many politicians such as Richard Nixon and the New Deal. I found this event interesting as Alger Hiss was actually never found guilty of having Communist ties and everything known as of that time were just speculations. I also found this interesting as the Hiss case also exposed many other politicians and associations but those people were never mentioned to be questioned or tried to
During McCarthyism there was a committee called (HUAC) House Un-American Activities Committee that was hunting for “infiltrators” card-carrying communist . They decided that if you were suggested of being a communist you would have to face trial. This committee had the power to blacklist you and destroy your career. “...three hundred and twenty artists were blacklisted, and for many of them this meant the end of exceptional and promising careers.”(McCarthyism 217) The court in the Crucible also had tremendous power, their power was life or death. If you were accused and found to be a witch according to the court you were hang.
The CIA 's potential involvement was frequently mentioned during the 1960s and 1970s when the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was involved in plots to assassinate foreign leaders, particularly Fidel Castro. According to author James Douglass, Kennedy was assassinated because he was turning away from the Cold War and seeking a negotiated peace with the Soviet Union. Accusations and confessions of and by alleged conspirators, as well as official government reports citing the CIA as uncooperative in investigations, have at times renewed interest in these conspiracy theories. The CIA is the first main group that was investigated by the Warren Commission .There are two main people in the CIA that we think to have something to do with it. William K. Harvey was a main suspect because he was a CIA clandestine services operative who help arrange assassination plots and was also seen with Oswald(JFK assassination co-conspirators).
The war affected them in different ways causing them to have post-traumatic stress disorder which affects a lot of soldiers and being able to explain their experiences through different views can also open up different views for others. I think Billy 's way of coping with his experience was seen through time traveling and aliens encounter, which you could say has affected him psychologically. For Manchester his flashbacks were nightmares of the war and that is why his novel was the way it was. These two novels displays the war differently which people will remember the war differently. Like I said soldiers remembers their experience differently which affects the ways these novels are
My opinion on the possibility of information corruption leans towards the agreement side. During the Great Depression, hearings were conducted by congress to investigate suspected communists. This is where McCarthyism came in play and completely ravaged the lives of individuals or organizations that were rumored to be communists. Most of the rumors were biases and rarely had hard evidence against them. According to the author of The Crucible, Arthur Miller, this is another repeat in American history where mass hysteria occurred and threaten people’s freedom and reputation.
Sam Robert’s article, “A Decade of Fear” explains how McCarthyism turned Americans against each other after World War 2. In the first place he lied about communists being in the U.S. senate. As stated in Sam Robert’s article, “News of McCarthy’s accusations against the state dept. of president Harry Truman sent shock waves across the nation.” McCarty’s statements made him look like a gallant anticommunist and gave him power. As a matter of fact, he was considered more of a witch hunter.