The Legislative Branch is additionally called the Congress. There are two sections that make up Congress: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The Legislative Branch is the part of the administration that reviews and votes on laws, likewise called enactment. Different forces of the Congress incorporate proclaiming war, affirming Presidential arrangements for gatherings such as the Supreme Court and the Cabinet, and researching power.
The constitution defines the president as the head of the executive branch of government, with a number of different powers arising from that position. President has certain power in sphere of legislation. Much of the original power vested in congress is now exercised by executive agencies, independent committees and the courts. The president has power to veto legislation, returning it to the chamber in which it originated. This can only be overturned by a two third majority of both chambers of congress.
With the victory against England the newly independent Americans earned an official claim to America and needed to establish a written plan of government for the new states. The Americans sought to implement some form of sovereignty without total power or any influences of monarchy. In 1777, the congressmen generated the Articles of Confederation, defining the union as a “loose confederation of states” existing mainly to “foster a common defense” (Roark 190). However, the Articles of Confederation had many flaws and imperfections. Because it provoked too many conflicts, the Articles of Confederation resulted in failure and was ultimately overturned by an improved document of government, the Constitution.
The congress was divided into two parts: the senate and the House of Representatives. When the Articles of Confederation was in action, equal representation did not exist, meaning that the amount of representatives that each house had was based on the states population. This meant that bigger states had more of a voice in making decisions, and that wasn’t fair for the smaller ones. In order to avoid this, the constitution decided that “the number of representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one representative” (Doc D). Also, the Senate was composed by two senators from each state, each one having only one vote.
The Constitution of the United States of America all started at the Philadelphia Convention. Called by Alexander Hamilton, the purpose of this convention was to revise the Articles of Confederation. The reason for this is because the central government under this document was very weak, for rebellions were very difficult to put down (such as Shays’ Rebellion), Congress lacked the power to tax and have a standing army, and the state government was extremely overpowered (when compared to the central government). During the convention, the framers realized that this document was almost impossible to revise; it would be much easier to start from scratch. Without official permission from Congress, the framers began to rewrite an outline for the
Confederation and Constitution After America won the revolutionary war, there was no united nation, rather thirteen independent countries instead of colonies. Therefore, an agreement was necessary to hold the independent colonies together. Thus, the Articles of Confederation fulfilled the purpose of forming the first American government. Drafted in the year 1777 and ratified by the thirteen states in 1781, the Articles consisted of various provisions that would help build a new nation. The Continental Congress had very minimal power under the Articles due to which it could neither establish a federal judicial nor deploy the army or the federal police for enforcing the laws.
The Founding Fathers and the public felt that the constitution didn’t set up enough boundaries for the government, they felt that the government would assume too much power and take away the “Natural Rights” of the human. The Bill of Rights was set up to make sure the public felt safe and to make sure the government couldn’t abuse their power and turn it into a communist state or a dictatorship. America and our Founding Fathers based our Bill of Rights off the English Bill of Rights, so naturally there will be a lot of similarities between the two. Much like the Amendments in the English Bill of
They both operate on a similar party system, with the leader of the relevant party becoming the head of the government. Large parts of these electoral processes are completely unconfirmed by statute or document, existing only as political conventions – such as the office of Prime Minister, or the ‘primaries’ held in the US for the purposes of determining party leaders. King’s commentary on the overstatement of a capital-C Constitution’s importance to the United Kingdom is, therefore, a valid one. When the function, purpose and substance of a codified and uncodified constitution are the same, with differences arising only when it pertains to the execution and maintenance of the constitution, there can be said to be no great issue with the United Kingdom’s uncodified constitution as compared to that of a codified one. The rights and powers established within the differing systems are fundamentally the same, and thus the argument becomes one of constitutional implementation.
The legislative powers all vested in Congress of United States, which shall consist of Senate and House Representatives. The executive powers all vested in President of United States. He shall hold the office during the term of four years, (serve) together with Vice- President, chosen the same term. The judicial power all of United States shall be invested in Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts of Congress of their good behavior. Tyranny is about cruel and oppressive and king controlling everybody in society.
The most important difference between these documents was that the Articles of Confederation gave very little power to a central government and the Constitution created a strong central government. The Article of Confederation was written to unite states after the American Revolution. People had the fear of the government having too much power. This document established
The President is responsible for implementing and enforcing the laws, these laws are written by Congress. The President has the assistance of the Vice President as well as the Cabinet members. ~ www.whitehouse.gov/1600/executive-branch State Executive Branch: A Governor is elected by the people of the State, as well as any other leaders in the Executive Branch. This includes lieutenant governor, the attorney general, secretary of state, auditors and commissioners.
Congress, as one of the three coequal branches of government, is ascribed significant powers by the Constitution. All legislative power in the government is vested in Congress, meaning that it is the only part of the government that can make new laws or change existing laws. The President may veto bills Congress passes, but Congress may also override a veto by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House of Representatives. Part of Congress 's exercise of legislative authority is the establishment of an annual budget for the government. To this end, Congress levies taxes and tariffs to provide funding for essential government services.
The Articles of Confederation loosely tied the states together, while the Constitution was more of a centralized government. There was an army under the Constitution while the Articles of Confederation did not have an army. The Articles allowed each state to come up with their own trading laws. The Constitution had one trade law for all thirteen states. # 2 How do you believe the make up the delegates at the Constitutional Convention influenced the creation of the Constitution?
Americans can expect the three branches of government to use the