New York and Virginia, two major states with a massive impact, were hesitant to ratify. These states were filled with Anti-Federalist, who feared strong central government, as well as the president becoming dictator or king. In order to persuade the Anti-Federalists, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay created the Federalists Papers. Then finally, enough states had ratified for the Constitution to go in effect, although Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island had not yet ratified. The Anti-Federalists felt that the Constitution needed a Bill of Rights to protect personal freedoms.
The American Revolution was a time of political turmoil that took place between 1776 and 1783. During this time, the thirteen American colonies had rejected British monarchy and aristocracy, overthrew Great Britain, and founded the United States of America. There was a minority of uncertain size that tried to stay neutral in the war. For the most part they kept a very low profile, but a handful of people in Nova Scotia did not. There are many factors that played a role in Nova Scotia’s decision to stay neutral during the war, such as the geographical location, and the level of control Britain had over the colony.
The United States, under the Articles of Confederation, did not have the ability to properly deal with the problems arising within the borders of the country. As written to George Washington by a delegate from the Continental Congress, troops that had fought in the American Revolution were discontent because they were not receiving their payments and Congress did not have the capacity to pay off the country’s debts. (Doc C) The government was unable to pay off the debt of the country because the Continental Congress did not possess the ability to regulate commerce. Rhode Island rejected the proposal of a universal tariff, which would have helped to pay off the debt of the new nation.
His belief was that monarchy is a sin that was despised by God in the early stages of civilization. Paine stood for the idea of succession from Britain, as he believed the American colonies weren’t gaining anything under the British rule. Thomas
Since the United States was relatively a new nation, it needed some form of organization to hold the states together and keep its government and society stable to build a stronger economy (Knoedl, 2003). The first and foremost inherited weakness of the Articles came from the fact that it replaced sovereign power in the hands of the states. This started after the American Revolution, when the American people feared that the colonists would form a new government that could function similarly to King George III’s monarchy after having dealt with the British Crown for years. Since then these states would start creating their own set of rules and laws and because of some states, creating their own constitutions and each state can rule itself, it gave more power to them than the actual Federal Government.
The Causes for the American Revolution The American Revolution began its first movements following the British victory in the French and Indian war in 1763 which removed France as a major opposition in the North American affairs. Following the war, the British needed to assert taxes. In the year 1764 only, there was the Sugar Act that raised revenue for the British by increasing duties on sugar imported from the West Indies and there was also the Currency Act that banned the American colonists from issuing paper bills or bills of credit. Both acts were proposed to raise revenue without any consideration on how it would affect the colonies.
According to Dadabhai Naoroji’s article, “The Benefits of British Rule for India”, the Indians/natives had no voice in the taxes, legislations, or were qualified to earn the position of a court judge or high-ranking government official. The society the British constructed blocked the Indians out, and openly disregarded their opinions and desire for change and equality. Some may claim that the British modernized their country by reforming the natives education system, and implementing new innovations and technological advancements, like railroads to improve transportation within the country. However, according to the article written by Professor Peter Marshall titled, “The British Presence in India in the 18th Century,” the majority of these systems primarily focused on English and Western ideas, rather than their own distinctive culture. The traditional ideas and beliefs focusing on theory and methodology, that were implemented into their previous education system, were then modified to a practical approach, forcing their pre-existing system to slowly descend into oblivion.
Americans decided to fight for their independence in 1776 because they were being treated unjustly by Great Britain. To begin, the British passed hefty taxes in the thirteen colonies to help pay off their war debt. First, colonists were brought into British conflicts. After
Between July 1775 and November 1777, there was the drafting of the Articles of Confederation which followed a slow state ratification process, delaying ratification of the Articles of Confederation until the 1st March of 1781. Congress later on convened and held conferences until the 4th day of March in 1789 after which the Federal government took over within the confines of the constitution. Understanding that the Articles of Confederation did not stay in place for too long, we cannot overlook their contribution in terms of paving way for a longer lasting Constitution. These articles of Confederation had their similarities to the Constitution as well as differences; most of these differences thus constitute the Articles’ weaknesses as shall be discussed below. The Articles of Confederation came to relate so much to the Constitution and would later be adopted.
America’s search for independence began after its colonial citizens became upset about the trade regulations and taxation imposed by the British Empire. They sought to be their own sovereign nation, separate from the monarchy headed by King George. The colonialist no longer felt they could prosper under the overbearing rule of one man or woman, so they began their fight for independence. Although the overall political struggle began in 1765, the American Revolutionary War began in 1775 and ended in 1783. Following the war and after the colonialists gained their hard earned independence, they wanted to create a governmental system that did not oppress its citizens, so they wrote the United States Constitution in 1787.
There was such internal fighting within the Federalists that they could not form a formal opposition. Anti-Federalists feared that concentration of central government would result in a loss of individual and state rights, an aspect that defines American freedom today. They also opposed monetary policies and the Federalist support for trade with the British and were in favor of relations with the French, who helped during the American Revolution. This fall marked the end of Federalist party.
Back in 1786, the United States consisted of thirteen states generally bound by the Articles of Confederation, each state governed its own matters separately. A group of state representative served as the National Congress, but when they had to settle matters between themselves, or solve problems on a national level, they had difficulties agreeing on solutions which left the nation weak. The government had no power to build the military for national defense. In 1786, Alexander Hamilton called a meeting in Maryland to resolve trade problems among the states. An important event encouraged a wider interest in government reform.
England never had proper control over its colonies. Many immigrants left England knowing that the nation 's power within the colonies was virtually nonexistent. It could be argued that England appointed governors and passed laws before 1763 in an attempt to control its colonies, but it is known that colonists largely undermined these efforts and found ways to circumvent the generally unenforced legislation. The colonies had been deciding their own laws and faith since they had arrived on the foreign continent, because of how accustomed the Americans became to home rule, they would not let England take their right from them.
The Articles of Confederation was the first standard government created in the United States, yet unsuccessful. The Articles failure made it clear that a new government was needed to secure the nation. The
The articles of confederation was written right after the revolutionary war was fought, however, the AOC failed, so they had to start all over with a new document called the constitution. 9 out of 13 colonies needed to ratify the new constitution for it to take effect. When it came to organize the government after the AOC, the people were divided on how the government should handle the fears of social, political, and economic fears which motivated the 2 parties, federalist and antifederalist. The federalists supported the new constitution, while the anti federalists were opposed. The political motivation for the federalists to support the ratification was they believed that a stronger government was necessary as the AOC had failed previously