Artificial Intelligence Ethical Dilemma

3118 Words13 Pages
Artificial Intelligence and its
Ethical Dilemmas

Critical Thinking
2014-2015

Instructor: Dr. Raj Ayyar

Authors:

Lohitaksh Parmar - 2014059 Nalin Gupta - 2014065 Sahar Siddiqui - 2014091 Tarun Verma - 2014168 Vatsal Singhal - 2014116

Table of Contents

S.No.
Title
Author
1.
Introduction

2.
Roboethics
Sahar Siddiqui
3.
Machine Ethics
Tarun Verma
4.
Arguments against AI
Vatsal Singhal
5.
Arguments for AI
Lohitaksh Parmar
6.
AI in Society
Nalin Gupta
7.
Conclusion

Introduction

Artificial Intelligence, as defined by Oxford Dictionary, is the theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence, such as visual perception,
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We can try to design robots and develop AI to behave in an ethically acceptable way in a society, but at the end of the day,its us humans who are implementing those ethics. Thus, Roboethics or in other words, Human ethics are based on the general ethics (a branch of philosophy) which involves studying the moral behaviour of humans and their ideologies of what is right and what is wrong.

The term ‘Roboethics’ was coined by an Italian Roboticist, Gianmarco Veruggio. Its official use began after the 'First International Symposium of Roboethics' was held in 2004 in which a number of philosophers, sociologists, moralists and roboticists gathered to discuss ethical issues concerning AI,assess them and form a collection of basic ethics.These were the first set of ethics that were needed to be applied to solve the issues that are generated with the advancements in the field of AI.

Main Ethical positions/stands on Roboethics

After the Symposium, a study by Daniela Cerqui, an anthropologist, revealed the three major ethical positions in the community of roboticists
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However, those who do believe in artificial superintelligence, have no general consensus on the timeframe of this happening.
On the left hand, artificial superintelligence may allow humanity to grow and expand at a pace never thought of before. While on the right hand, this makes us question the safety of humanity if machines are artificially superintelligent. Being all the more intellectual than humans, it’s ever so possible that AI beings may turn from ally to enemy, as sci-fi as that sounds.
Anyhow, the benefits of the left would definitely outweigh the disadvantages of the right hand.

In fact, an artificially superintelligent being [refer: Superintelligence] would be more moral and ethical than even humans as it would have no concept of racism, sexism, religion, etc, nor would it have any cognitive biases or fallacies. It would be able to take the more morally apt decisions for humans and it self than humans would be able to, themselves. It would stand a much stronger ethical
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