On October 1, 1957, the Soviet Union launched its first satellite. Sputnik became known as the world’s first artificial satellite in space. It weighed 184 pounds in was 32 inches in diameter. Sputnik orbited the Earth every 98 minutes and traveled
What is the Space Race? The Space Race, a competition which grew out of the cold war with both sides wishing to exploit propaganda and military benefits of making the first forays beyond the Earth’s surface and atmosphere It lasted from 1955 to 1972. The USSR won the early victories of this race. It put Sputnik 1 in space on October 4, 1957, along with the first man in space (Yuri A. Gagarin) on April 12, 1961. After that, President John F. Kennedy announced in May 1961 that within a decade, an American would land on a moon and came safely home.
The three crewman were the Commander, Frank F Borman II, the Command Module Pilot, James A. Lovell JR., and the Lunar Module Pilot, Major William A. Anders. The Launch date was December 21, 1968. The plan was to pave the way for Apollo 11. The Apollo 9 mission lasted about 10 days and 1 hour. The three
The race to the moon began on October 5, 1957, when the Soviet Union launched Sputnik into orbit around the earth: “When the Soviet Union launched the satellite Sputnik, on October 4, 1957, the United States experienced a technological identity crisis”(Olson). The United States retaliated by trying to beat the
Introduction Since the beginning of mankind until very recently, humans have remained on Earth and mostly remained on land or above the surface, let alone space. It was only within the recent years that the invention of manned flight and rocket ships that allowed for the exploration of space; space organisations have sent people to the Moon, space probes and rovers to different areas of the universe, and advanced telescopes which bring the remote edges of the universe into our view. For the past years, space exploration has provided humans with benefits and awareness of our surroundings, but there has been controversy about the priority of space travel and the moral imperative of space. This essay will discuss the debate of whether space exploration
The use of space exploration could be used to better protect ourselves from any attack by having more satellites in space to view the rest of the world and better detect threats. As Britannica states, “If governments decide to expand the activity in space of their armed forces, space could become another major military theatre for waging war and deploying weapons.” The United States can use space for our military benefit to detect missiles and to keep better satellite watch over other countries. The United States space corps would help make strategic decisions based on information that we can gather from satellites. Having funding for this particular section of our military would put us ahead of most countries as many countries have militaries but none actually have military in space. Britannica also states that “the availability of funding will set the pace of scientific
These races do share one major similarity in that the goal of both was and is to make the United States a leader in space exploration; however, the reasons and participants in each race are very different. After World War II, during the Cold War era, the relationship between the Soviet Union and the United States was a tense and competitive one with each wanting to maintain the role as the world’s superpower, especially militarily and technologically. The Soviet Union took the initiative to become superior in the space field by successfully launching the first artificial Earth satellite on October 4, 1957, Sputnik 1. Then, just one month later, on November 3, 1957, Russia launched the spacecraft, Sputnik 2, into orbit which had the first living passenger, a dog named Laika. “The United States, locked in a Cold War with the Soviet Union, realized that if the Russians had
ISECG (International Space Exploration Coordination Group) reports that many problems related to space investigation provide innovations which could be transferred to other spheres of life (2013). For instance, in 1995, design of engine pump from one space shuttle was developed to heart pump which saved many lifes or in the previous year robotic hand which is used to service spacecrafts and equipment was adopted to make distant surgical operation (Wilson, n.d.). Thus, and other applications of space technologies may let experts say that benefits of NASA’s programs overbalance
Exploring space also means that we could study the atmosphere and near environment rather then finding new planets, hence the satellite concept. This is important because sustainable human development requires an up-to-date and extensive information base to support planning and decision-making, which is mainly obtained from satellite data. So, a major reason supporting space exploration would be all the great information it has the ability to collect. In particular, “Space Solutions” state that satellite images can detect the different land uses and coverage, the impact of pollution to different resources and areas, the effects of natural disasters. It could also benefit agriculture and land use as satellite images can predict the crop output.
Lunar exploration began when the Soviets’ Luna flew by the moon in 1959. Soon after, Pioneer 4, sent by NASA, passed by the moon. The Ranger, Surveyor, and Lunar Orbiter missions were sent by NASA soon after that to photograph the surface of the