Asian Cultural Identity

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National identity is a sense of belonging, of identifying with a particular group or nation, distributed by the mass media and reinforced by factors such as language, culture, music, political situation and even cuisine. It changes over time, mostly in accordance with political situations. It is highest in times of wars and elections and is relatively dispersed in the times of no great turmoils. Globalization has also affected the concept of national identity. In Asian horrors, cultural specificity and a sense of national and regional identity can be found as it is built on regional myths, religions and literature. When studying Asian horror, the focus can be on two things: Firstly, on universal, human themes, negating cultural specificities and concentrating on what is applicable to humanity in general, and secondly, on the differences between the Asian and Western filmography – the Orientalist approach, which takes into account and confirms the Western impression of the East as something exotic and irreducibly different (Yoshimoto, quoted in Balmain 3). Stemming from this latter view is the idea of the Orient as Other, as something inferior to the West, and the fact that by examining nation specific films, we are able to draw conclusions about and identify nation specific issues. East Asian countries share an age old tradition based on Buddhism and Taoism infused with the moral philosophy of Confucianism, supernatural beliefs, folklore and language (Chinese derived and

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