Even more when she explains how slavery, although no longer in the form it was before, has been masked into a different form being the mass incarceration of people of color when she mentions society’s colorblindness. With this in mind, one of the main reasons Alexander compares mass incarceration and Jim Crow South is due to many of those who are incarcerated being stripped of their rights, the very rights given to them by the Civil Rights Act. Once those who are incarcerated are let back out into society they are denied legally their rights. Rights such as voting, obtaining employment, housing, welfare, and are stigmatized as being the forefront that all who are black are offenders. This notion has led many to believe how similar the after effects of mass incarceration and Jim Crow South are.
There are several psychological theories that have been applied to criminal activity. These theories are believed to impact moral growth and personality ailments in relation to crime. White-collar crimes and strain theory which is a social structure theory as well as hackers and learning theories which is a social process theory are discussed. Social structure theory states that poor individuals are the ones that commit crimes over middle and rich individuals. Criminals who do not have an equal opportunity are strained and will more likely to be involved in crime states the strain theory.
Criticism of Merton’s Strain Theory One critique of the strain theory is how it overemphasis the position of the social class in regards to crime and deviance. As we know, the strain theory applies mainly to the American lower class as they struggle the most. Our lower class are faced with the lack of resources to help them reconcile their goals. However, by looking at the variation of deviant and criminal behavior, the strain theory does not adequately account for any type of crimes besides the normal street or neighborhood crimes.
I definitely do believe that the lower class members are more likely to get arrested/convicted. These criminals cannot afford a decent attorney to represent them and thus they are more likely to serve jail time than
Ways Female Prisoners are Similar Many of the female prisoners who were interviewed conveyed similar situations in which they felt dehumanized throughout their time in the correctional facility. Some described horrendous living conditions, in which one individual was forced to reside in a room that had broken plumbing. Another situation involved an inmate being forced to give birth while shackled, and only being allowed to spend two days with her child before returning to prison. I think this proves that our correctional system places more of a value on punishing individuals who break the law, rather than rehabilitating those individuals and creating productive members of society.
Pregnancy and childbirth, pregnant women in prisons need special resources and attention to diet, exercise, clothing, medication and medical care. Prison is not an easy place to be pregnant and the inflexibility of a prison regime is incompatible with the needs and care of a pregnant body. Some complications may consist of women having a hard time getting enough rest, not enough nutrition and proper food, antenatal and postnatal care may not be seen as medical priorities by prison staff, alerting staff to a
1. The unequal power between men and women is the basis of feminist criminology. Advocates of feminist criminology claim that the cause of female criminal behavior is due to the unequal amount of wealth, political, economic, and social power. Radical criminologists also support conflict theories, class, and power inequality as causes of crime. They point to research indicating that in the criminal justice system, the poor, minorities, and women are not treated equally.
Elizabeth Sera has it the rough way as she tries to fit into the society that she currently is surrounded by, while simultaneously trying to give meaning to her life and trying to approach everything in the correct manner. Over the course of the novel, we see Elizabeth Sera going from the worst of situations to the best of situation. Masaaba refuses to become a father, and everything goes downhill for Sera, she went from being employed at a African Merchandise store to being hired by the civil services and affording her own house maid. I will try to examine the impact of mistreatment through three different approaches; setting, character and theme, each one having a different discussion attached to it allowing for a deeper observation to be extracted from the novel “Memoirs Of A Mother.” I hope that by the end of this essay I will be able to make some conclusions on how the author has presented the impacts of mistreatment in Elizabeth Sera’s
One of the reasons that could have pushed these young women to flee their houses, is their families being unaccepting of their pregnancy. They might have felt hated, unwanted, or discriminated against because they are bearing a child at such an age. Predicaments like these add to the growing number of homelessness in youth. Those young mothers will struggle to find a life off the streets, and a job. They will struggle to provide for their children, and afford housing.
An example of this is the political cartoon created by John Cole. In the cartoon, he illustrates how race, poverty, and politics act against a person when deciding the severity of their punishment. This demonstrates how the death penalty has been unfair to the impoverished colored people because they have a higher chance of getting the death penalty. This also explains why the death penalty is biased and it points out the flaw in the death penalty which is that it makes it unfair for people of color and of a low social status.
Introduction Two males, two rape crimes, yet two completely different types of punishment. Case One: Brock Turner is a 20 years old Caucasian male who was charged with rape of a female who was under the influence of alcohol in California. Case Two: Brian Banks, a black man, was also charged with rape who live in California. He was on the football team and had a full ride scholarship to college when he was charged the time of the crime. These two male have committed the same crimes, at two different time frame, yet one case gets a significantly longer sentence than the other.
The two models of criminal justice are control model and due process model. The control model is a model focuses on the community as a whole this model is known to the most important of them all because it focuses on moving the process the case as quickly as possible to bring to a close. Packer resembles his control model as “ assembly line justice” (Bohm & Haley, 2014). The control model allows the individual who is accused of committed a crime is able to work free with a plea bargain.
I agree! The Consensus model would be ideal because it allows more harmony however our current criminal justice system follows the Conflict model. I think it would be hard to transition into a Consensus model because each department would have to agree to the system as a whole above their own
Out of the countless systems that America has, the criminal justice system has the most complication. Many judges, lawyers, and even prisoners have views on how to improve the criminal justice system but, to be able to pin point the problems of the criminal justice system you must discern what the causes are. Most would say that the problem with the prison system is the overcrowding. A few says the sentencing causes chaos in the criminal justice system. I believe that one or the main problem with the criminal justice system is the sentencing.
Punishment is defined as the deliberate infliction of pain on a person for the sake of attaining revenge (Gilligan, 2000, p. 746). The social construct of punishment is prison; it is putting the wrongdoer behind bars. Society seeks revenge, and revenge can be prison. Penitentiaries or prisons are institutions, the main purpose is to inflict pain on people for the sake of revenge (Gilligan, 2000, p. 746). Furthermore, punishment tends to be subjective and irrational in comparison to being objective which would remove the emotion.