Bergamot oil has a sedative action because of its inhibitory effect on nerve endings responsible for pain. As a result, it relieves headache, stress, spasms and muscle aches. Bergamot oil is also used as an analgesic during pregnancy since it decreases the dose of anesthesia required. • Chamomile oil The oil of Chamomile includes three active constituents, including Bisabolol, Bisabolol oxides A and B, Apigenin and Matricin. Chamomile oil is mainly used as an anti-inflammatory drug.
When added to local anesthetics of intermediate duration (eg, mepivacaine or lidocaine) administered for epidural or peripheral nerve block, clonidine will markedly prolong both the anesthetic and analgesic effects. Unlabeled/investigational uses of clonidine include serving as an adjunct in premedication, control of withdrawal syndromes (nicotine, opioids, alcohol, and vasomotor symptoms of menopause), and treatment of glaucoma as well as various psychiatric disorders. Side Effects Sedation, dizziness, bradycardia, and dry mouth are common side effects. Less commonly, bradycardia, orthostatic hypotension, nausea, and diarrhea may be observed. Abrupt discontinuation of clonidine following long-term administration (>1 mo) can produce a withdrawal phenomenon characterized by
A common side effect of these medications is a mouth infection referred to as thrush (National Institues of Health, 2014). Another long-term control medication is Leukotriene modifiers. These medications are taken by mouth. They block leukotrienes in the body. When leukotrienes release, they cause airway constriction, swelling and inflammation of the lungs, and increased mucus production.
Aspirin is an analgesic drug used for minor pain, to reduce fevers, and also is also an anti-inflammatory drug. It was created in the late 1800 's. Recently many people have been using it to prevent blood clot formation. If taken in low doses aspirin can help prevent strokes and heart attacks. Today it is given to patients after they had heart attacks to prevent death.
“Bath salts are a synthetic drug that create feelings of euphoria and can be taken by smoking, snorting, and injecting the substance. Users often re-dose as the effects only last for 3-4 hours, and may stay up for several days. Bath salts are seen as a cheap alternative to cocaine, ecstasy or methamphetamine. Side effects of bath salts may include insomnia, agitation, hallucinations, and even violent behavior upon first use. Long-term use can lead to liver and kidney damage, as well as a breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue.”¹ Bath salts are chemically related to cathinone, which is a stimulant found in the khat plant.
Cortisone steroids are available in tablet, liquid or even aerosol form. The aerosol form of the steroid is highly recommended for asthma patients, since it rapidly reaches the throat area providing significant relief to patient. Some refute the negative effects of steroids which include ulcers, weight gain, cataracts, high blood pressure, and easy bruising. True, steroids do not have ideal side effects but neither do
While the latter three have been shown, the overall main mechanism of action is the chemical reactions of the iridoid glycosides that produce the analgesic affect. When differentiating Devil’s Claw among other supplements, the half-life is often described as ~5.6 hours. When using this, it has been known to cause iridoid glucosides by human fecal flora transformation (site). Specifically for pharmacodynamics, the goal is to observe drug absorption, distribution, and
Methadone is commonly used in management of withdrawal symptoms related to addiction to heroin and other opiate drugs, both prescription and non-prescription. According to Plater-Zyberk, Varenburt, Daiter, and Worster (2012), as well as nearly all other researchers, methadone is a safe, effective, and beneficial treatment when taken in a supervised methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). However, there are growing issues with illicit
Today, because of its nutritional and healing powers, it is famous the world over. Herbalists suggest everyone drink at least two cups a day, or take it as an all natural supplement. The benefits are enormous. It is known to reduce cholesterol, help in the loss of weight, but best of all it reduces the chances of getting cancer, and eliminates cancer
This supplement is often mixed with water or a sports drink and can be ingested as a pill or most commonly used as a powder (Fitness, 2013). Creatine is an acid that is absorbed from the intestines and then absorbed into the blood stream. This supplement is synthesized in the liver and pancreas. There are some effects that creatine can cause to the body. Creatine is naturally made in the body and taking too much of it can cause problems.