What is the meaning of Ego? In today’s world, it means “a person’s sense of self-esteem or self-importance”, it is to be self-centered and care for nothing else except for one's self or, in other terms, being an individualist. Today, people have been told to care for others instead of themselves, but that is not completely true. For example, Prometheus in Anthem by Ayn Rand- is not what one would consider to be a total egotistical person. Searching through different types of definitions and reasons about the definition of ego, the assumption is that egoism is not immoral or virtuous but the balance in between.
The word ego is defined as “A person’s self-esteem or self-importance”. Everybody in the world has a different level of ego. Some have very high self worth, while others have very low self worth. This means an ego sets us all apart and makes us different. An egoist is defined as “A doctrine that individual self-interest is the valid end of all actions.” So somebody who has a really big ego, is often very selfish. The society within the book Anthem by Ayn Rand forbids anyone to have an ego. Meaning everybody has to be the same. Prometheus, the main character, discovers what it means to have an ego. This makes him different from the rest. It also raises many questions. Does this make prometheus an egoist? What does this mean? Is it good or bad?
This is discussed by Shafer-Landau in The Fundamentals of Ethics; he says that ethical egoism “arbitrarily makes my interests all-important” (114). If a person is required to do whatever is necessary to increase their well-being, then they must only act in their interests. Ethical egoism allows individuals to think that there is no one more important or as important as them. It supports the belief that egoists should only care for themselves, ignoring everyone else’s needs and wants. An ethical egoist will only do the things that are pleasurable for them and that increase their welfare. There are many problems with this view. An egoist may believe that they are unique, but so does another egoist across the street. An egoist in a different state as the other two believes they are unique as well, but so does an egoist living in a different country. All over the world there are egoists that believe they are special, but they are not. It is impossible for everyone to be unique. Sure, there are some qualities that distinguish one person from another, but no one is special. If one person thinks they are special, others hold this belief as well. Everyone cannot be unique. However, egoists tend to act on the basis of this rationale, and aim to increase only their own well-being. Therefore, other people’s interests must “count for nothing” (Shafer-Landau
It is a part of normative ethical theories and it means that the consequence of ones behavior is an ultimate mean for anyone to judge the rightness or wrongness of that behavior. So, from the perspective of a consequentialist an ethically right act is the one that will inherit good outcome or consequence. It usually explains the saying “the end justifies the means” which means that in order to achieve a goal, take any route which leads to achieving it.
Psychological egoism defines how we are as human beings. It is the prime idea that selfless acts do not exist. It is the belief that all people are selfish. For example if you help an old lady cross the street and it makes you feel good, a psychological egoist will say that it is selfish because it made you feel good. According to a psychological egoist, humans are naturally selfish and we have no other option but to think of ourselves. Psychological egoism claims that when people choose to help others it is because of the personal benefits they themselves obtain or expect to obtain from doing so. For example, there is an episode in FRIENDS that gives the perfect example of psychological egoism. Joey and Phoebe have a debate wether there are completely nice acts. Joey was on T.V to helo raise money for a charity. Pheobe tells him that what he did was not for the charity but for himself. Joey states that there are no selfless good deeds. He says that “all people are selfish and if you 're not selfish you
This session I am asked to review the following case study and provide three perspectives on the ethical decision facing Angela. Rae, (2009), outlines several theories related to the decision-making process. Ethical Egoism, Virtue Theory, and My perspective will be focused on.
Ego. A simple word to describe a self-sufficient person with no help in need. Although in this generation, people believe the word “ego” is something awful and it is used to describe a person who puts themselves first and neglect those who are around them, but there is another definition in which Ayn Rand explains. In “Anthem” by Ayn Rand the author portrays the word “ego” in a more suitable and in a considerate way. She explains that being an egoist is discovering the unimaginable things you can do by becoming an independent without a hand helping you. A human being should not let a person dominate you on what you can and cannot do; it should be about making your own decisions and using your knowledge to your full advantage. For example, a
There once lived an altruistic person that loved to helped others. But that altruistic person was also a very egoistic person. Egoism is about the selfishness and the self-interest of human beings, while altruism is more about the selflessness, and the well-being of others. At first sight, egoism and altruism may seem to be two completely different behaviors. But in reality egoism and altruism are just two sides of the same coin. Altruism and egoism are both essential to pave a path to a good life, but egoism seems to be a bigger part of human nature; Ayn Rand had expressed the values of human ego; the pursuit of happiness and the human’s self-interest are considered an egoistic behavior.
Rossian ethics is a moral belief system falling under the deontology family that allows for certain actions to be deemed right if they abide by the seven prima facie moral principles. These principles are fidelity, reparation, gratitude, justice, beneficence, non-maleficence, and self-improvement. Ross also finds justice, pleasure, knowledge, and virtue to be intrinsically good. In other words, these are good in and of themselves and are not reliant on the intentions of the person doing the action. While Ross claims that these are all important factors, it is evident that he finds virtue to be the best and pleasure to be the least. In this way, forms of pleasure like sadism that do harm to others are not seen as the right thing to do
I would have to say the point of Plato’s Ring of Gyges, in my opinion, is that we are the same in a logical reason. This story is to layout that a ring would corrupt a moral person and the reason why they are acting morally is that are scared of being caught. For reasons that will justify that to do injustice is good, and to suffer injustice is evil. We have done both, experienced both, and cannot avoid it even if we try.
In the growing field of occupational therapy, there are many issues that come about that are of ethical concern. Occupational therapists work to help patients achieve a self-sufficient and satisfying life through the use of assessment and treatment. They help patients who may be suffering from a physical, mental, or cognitive disorder and work to help develop, recover, and maintain skills of daily living. Since this field is very hands on and patient oriented, there are ethical concerns that are brought about in almost all areas of practice. One of the most concerning ethical issues is working on a skill that is outside the OT scope of practice. In other words, addressing and treating a skill that is deemed to be outside
Ayn Rand presents an argument against individual rights in her essay, Man’s Rights. She believes that these rights do not actually exist outside of the right to life and the right to property; or less specifically, the right to action. Many critics see flaws in her argument however, finding flaws in her reasoning.
The psychodynamic and behaviourist model are two opposing perspectives in psychology, both serve to understand the processes that govern behaviour as to resolve mental disease in very distinct ways.
Within the history of the Western tradition of ethics, The modern period of the sixteenth century to the twentieth century was home to the conception together with the birth of modern science. This world also began to coincide with that of the protestant reformation. From this time there has been the conception of four predominant ethical approaches. That being the tradition of faith by the Puritans, the ethics of moral sentiment by the passions, imperatives, and utilitarianism which grew from scientific development. These modern approaches are the creations of a few key players of this time, being Hume, Kant, and Luther, just to name a few. These great thinkers are the fathers of what we know today in terms of modern science.
distinguishing between acceptable and unacceptable behavior (Resnik, 2015). In other words, ethics assists in determining whether a decision is right or wrong when given a choice. As a matter of course, decision-making is first predisposed by personal ethic that is constructed on personal experience and conscience (Fritzsche & Oz, 2007)