WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES? According to the American Association of School Administrators (AASA), the National Association of Elementary School Principals (NAESP), the National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP), and
By incorporating Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories into teaching strategies in early childhood classrooms, student learning is likely to increase. While Piaget and Vygotsky 's theories offer insight into Developmentally Appropriate Practice in the classroom, other theorists such as Dewey and Bandura offer even more supporting evidence for DAP. John Dewey was a pragmatist. Pragmatists believe that reality must be experienced, and so forth believed that human beings learn through a
This, in turn, enables them to adjust their lessons to account for all students in the classroom and self-reflect on their teaching practices for future planning. Given the wide
Critical thinking is relevant in a few different aspects of life. For example, critical thinking can be applied to school and learning. There are people who support using different aspects of critical thinking in students curriculum. Laura Hummell said, "Critical thinking skill development is crucial in elementary schools. Students who are allowed to explore, empathize, question, hypothesize, conceptualize, experiment, and evaluate throughout their own learning become productive community members" (Hummell 5).
The motivational psychology researchers discovered several useful approaches and practices that can be implemented in the classroom for effective learning to take place (Miller, 2012). Teachers are using differentiation to support teaching and learning. Differentiation can vary in pace, activities, resources, teaching and learning styles in an attempt to best meet the needs of individual student. Various teaching strategies such as cooperative learning, active learning, role play and games and pedagogic tools are being integrated in educational theories in meaningful and useful ways to encourage task or learning achievements.
Assessment and evaluation is an instrument that is used to measure the performance of teachers and students. It is an integral part of teaching and learning process. Assessment aids in decision making as it determines whether or not the goal of education are being met. It plays a major role in how students learn, their motivation to learn and how teachers teach. It also enables one to think: “are we teaching what we think we are teaching?”
Additionally, the classification system created a common language about learning goals across subject matter and grade level. This standardization in language was effective in increasing the ability to assess what learning outcomes were measuring and illustrating the breadth and or lack of breath of learning outcomes across different learning dimensions for different courses, as well as help teachers focus on developing students’ cognitive processes and knowledge types rather than teaching to statewide standardized tests. Despite these advancements, the one-dimensionality of the
Cognitive perspectives imply that mutual interaction between students with “the mental processing of the information rather than with motivations” (Slavin, 1996 : 48) will improve students’ academic achievement. The two perspectives, namely, cognitive development and elaboration are discussed in the following paragraphs to examine comprehensively their effects on student learning. The two cognitive perspectives explained in the following paragraphs focus on the interactions among groups of students, holding that these interactions themselves lead to better learning and thus better achievement. 3. Cognitive Developmental Perspective : A fundamental assumption of the cognitive development perspective driven by theories is that reciprocal interaction among children around suitable academic tasks creates growth in the knowledge of concepts and critical skills (Slavin, 2011).
Differentiated instruction is a support or concept for effective teaching that involves showing students with different ways to learning. According to Bearne (1996). “ differentiated instruction corresponds to an innovative approach through which educators whatever their subject area, are able to bring modification to curricula, teaching methods, usage of educational sources and resources, learning events or activities as well as assessment and evaluation methods.” Differentiation in simple words means tailoring instruction to meet individuals needs that is student needs in the school context. Differentiated instruction is the way a teacher anticipates and responds to a variey of students need in class.
Hence, an educator can integrate practical activities in which the children can use items in order to encourage them to explore and to help child develop from a disequilibrium notion, to an equilibrium state. Therefore, educators should understand the significance of concrete operational at primary school so the children could maximally achieve the learning goal in accordance to their thinking level that they acquire to there
Here is a summary of the skills I am supposed to learn in the Master of Education in School Counseling program. The intention of the Advanced Competency Assessment (ACA) is basically "to educate and improve student performance" (p.1). The Program Learning Outcomes are joined with the School of Education Conceptual Framework that combines Knows-Implements-Believes specialties in the Advanced Competencies for the school counseling licensure program.
This demonstrates my understanding of effective learning though appropriate instructional strategies because is displays how I implemented a variety of materials and technological resources to support my instructional strategies and reinforce student learning. It also conveys my ability to assess student’s through both formal (activity sheet) and informal (thumbs up) assessment techniques. These techniques help me evaluate the student’s strengths/weaknesses and the effectiveness of my instructional strategies. This particular skill outcome is important to early childhood education because implementing instructional strategies that reach the diversity of our students is going to promote overall student success. We, as early childhood educators, have to use a variety of strategies to discover more about the student’s developmental process and adjust our instruction in a way that will promote students to become self-directed
Early childhood educators must differentiate instruction, build knowledge together, create multiple opportunities for learning, teach to all developmental domains, integrate content areas, and monitor children’s achievement (Brown, Feger, & Mowry, n. d.). Tools, techniques, and strategies must meet the readiness levels, interest, needs, and cultural identities of individual learners. When young children learn through developmentally appropriate practices they are enabled to connect previous experiences to new knowledge and make meaningful connections. DAP also helps learners meet challenging goals, build confidence and self-esteem, and encourages them to take on a positive approach to learning. The side-effects of non-DAP can result in behavior issues, failed classroom management, miseducation, failure of students reaching their academic potential, and grade
The authors continue to affirm that in closing the achievement gap, schools are required to use accountability methods to show student performance. Using data can aid in this process. When implementing great management skills, policy makers and other counseling leaders acknowledge the power of data to demonstrate academic achievement, and to promote counselor’s role in school reform. As a result of data collection and analysis, student will enhance their performance and close the achievement gap.
Itcan also be used to monitor readiness skills. When using CBM, the instructor provides thestudent with brief, timed samples, or "probes," constructed of academic material taken from thestudent’s school curriculum. In addition, the CBM graphs are able to provide you with greatinformation that can be shared with parents, teachers, and administration. CBM is an effectivetool when determine if a child should be retained or not. Progress monitoring is extremely important, and should be done frequently.