Monitoring, clarifying and fix up is the strategy that helps the learners pay attention whether they understand what they are reading, if not, they will reread or the teacher will use strategies to make them understand. At the end of the story, they must retell the story to the class or to his partner on his or her own words. These strategies seem to be effective as the data supports
Learning strategies represent the behavior and thoughts, which occupies a student during learning. Learning strategies are the techniques used by students to test the new material to develop, organize and / or to understand and influence self-motivation and feelings. The use of mnemonic devices can be seen as one type of learning strategy. Learning strategies can be divided into several categories as under: - 1. Rehearsal strategies (For example, repeat items in a list, highlight the text of an article) Uses repeated practice to learn information.
If required , they may ask students to recapitulate the steps of excercises so that every student may comprehend the instructions clearly. Summarizing the lesson take - aways and the main points are as important as lesson itself . While dealing any course of instructions , teachers should always summarise or recapitulate the main take home points in teaching and document the key remarks on the board to boost the students’ memories. Teachers can direct their students to link up the understanding they grasp from classroom with their personal experiences so as to boost the impact of learning. Besides, coaching and guiding the students to recapitulate the key points in verbal and written form is also an efficient method of education
2.2.3. Formative assessment principles To apply formative assessment effectively in the classroom, teachers have to know about formative assessment principles so that they can optimize the opportunities for gathering evidence. In so doing, it helps improve students’ learning process. Black and William (1998a) “set out four main headings for formative assessment practice: sharing learning goals, questioning, self/ peer assessment and feedback”. o Sharing learning goals: teachers give students an opportunity to get involved in what they are learning through discussing and deciding the criteria for success, which they can then use to recognize proof of improvement.
In this phrase, learners will construct new knowledge on top of prior experiences. In addition, the Know/Need to Know chart encourages students to share their prior knowledge and arouse their curiosity, thus creating some questions for further investigation. In groups, students will discuss and finalize the question(s) to investigate. The teacher will then guide them to do up a hypothesis based on their question. At the end of the lesson, the worksheet will be collected in order to monitor the students’ progress, and check
Enables students to understand and monitor their own learning by enabling them to see how closely their own work matches a given goal. One of the benefit of formative assessment is that it can help students learn more about the goals for a given lesson, unit, or course. But another advantage is that it helps students to evaluate their own learning more effectively. High-quality formative assessment provides enough detail to give students a clear idea of what, why, and how they are to proceed as they continue to work on an assignment. However, such elaboration needs to be offered in manageable chunks so that students are not
The teacher models the steps in the task, while verbalizing his or her thought processes for the students, so that students have a correct model of the task. The teacher will always think aloud and talk through each individual step he or she is completing to aid in the students understanding. Then once the students are able to understand the steps to the task, then they will practice the task individually. The teacher would observe and help students as they achieve the task. Material scaffolding is when the teacher uses written prompts or cues to help students perform a task or use a strategy.
Another factor that can affect learning within the classroom environment is Differentiation instruction. It is a way of teaching. Differentiation instruction asks teachers to know their students well, so they can provide each one with experiences and jobs that will help their learning and improve it. It also means that you observe and understand the differences and similarities among students and use this information to plan a lesson. “Differentiation means giving students multiple options for taking in information “(Ann, 1999).
If the right speaking activities are taught in the classroom, speaking can raise general learners' motivation and make the English language classroom a fun and dynamic place to be. While learning a foreign language, the students do not simply begin to speak or write. To activate the learner, two things are essential: motivation and practice.
Mind’s Eye strategy could be one of their best ways to solve this problem. This strategy can develop students visualization and improve students reading comprehension as it’s technique includes students memory and asking them to be more critical in giving their perception and prediction. According to Silver, Strong and Perini (2007) mind’s eye is a reading strategy that is used by the teacher to improve students critical skill of the words on the page into memorable images. When the students read about a text the students will combine their background knowledge with the information that is gotten in the text. In addition, Sejnost (2009) states that this strategy is started by the students who listen to the keywords which are mentioned by the teacher and then attempt to visualize what are they hearing by making pictures in their minds.