Assignment On Urbanization

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ASSIGNMENT 1 ENV2757 – WATER QUALITY
Introduction (2.5m) 170 words
Urbanization
According to the Environmental Protection Agency (2012), urbanization can be defined as the concentration of large numbers of peoples in relatively small, discrete areas. As a result, these areas will undergo land transformation and turn into cities that are convenient for commercial, transportation, industrial and residential purposes. Besides that, urbanization also refers to the migration of people from rural areas to urban areas, which results in the increment of human populations in urban areas. Urbanization is an on-going process that occurs in almost every part of the world. This continuing process has triggered social and economic transformations, which resulted in lower fertility rate, greater geographic mobility, longer population ageing and life expectancy (Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat 2014). For instance, peoples whom lived in urban areas generally associated with higher levels of education and literacy, and acquired better health condition. They also have better engagement with the society and easy access to services and facilities provided by the government.
Even so, Duh et al. (2008) reported that human population in urban areas is increasing at an unprecedented rate. It is predicted that the on-going urbanization will result in an addition of 2.5 billion people to the urban population by 2050, with almost 90% of them occupying Asia

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