During urbanization process, there are mainly five trends (Seto et al., 2013). First, urban areas are growing faster than urban populations objectively. Second, urban areas cause climate change due to UHI effect and altered atmospheric condensation. Third, nature resources are consumed heavily by increasing building zones. Fourth, biodiversity regions experience faster urbanization than other areas.
Such changes have affected mainly on the individual and society but in different ways  and the phenomenon of cities growth is steadily increase, so the urban population growth rate exceeds the population growth rate . Herper and Gottman defined the urban sprawl process by spread and extension out the border of the city, e.g. the urban sprawl without adhering to the limits of the areas where this process has occurred . The urban sprawl is known as continuing increase in the numbers of the population, whether in regular or irregular housing, which increases the demand on agricultural land, then creates defect in the ecological balance . Several studies indicate that urbanization in cities of developing countries is happening in a quantitative manner rather than quality; e.g.
Recently, global attention has been drawn to the fact that world’s population has been urbanized, triggering them to move from a rural area to an urban society. Urbanization is defined as the process by which rural areas become developed and urbanized as a result of economic development and industrialization (Naab et al., 2013). In this case, urbanization will cause the shift of a number of populations from a rural area to an urban area, which leads to an increment in the number of urban society in that particular area. According to United Nations (2008), the number of urban population will be doubled and increases from 6.7 billion to 9.2 billion between 2007 and 2050. In short, global urbanization causes a rise in the number of population in developed countries from 63% to 85% (GHEC, 2007).
Rural to urban migration is a world-wide phenomenon which will continue in the years to come. Urban centers most affected are rapidly growing in metropolitan centers such as Metro Cebu. In a study made by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the population in Metro Cebu is expected to grow from 2.5M * Corresponding author. Tel. : +639173255660 E-mail address: email@example.com 2 Joseph Michael Espina/ Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 00 (2016) 000–000 today to about 5.0M by 2050.
Malaysia’s population has increased steadily due to the improvement and well-developed health care system, women status, literacy, modern infrastructure and having clean water and sanitation as well as many programs introduced to reduce the poverty in the country. Correspond to Malaysia’s rapid urbanization and modernization; the proportion of urban population has increased tremendously. The urbanization process in Malaysia is influenced by natural increase and net migration. Nowadays, more populations in Malaysia are moving to urban areas which results in an increase of demand for more houses, schools and employment. The urban expansion brought about by the increasing economic opportunities attracted migrants into the country which leads to
Question 1- Population 1. Population Growth Population growth is “an increase in the number of people that reside in a country, state, county, or city” (BusinessDictionary.com, n.d.). As of 2015, the world’s population is estimated at 7.3 billion and will continue to grow. The UN estimates that by 2050, the population will grow to 9.7 billion and by 2100, 11.2 billion people will have to cram together on the face of this Earth (Becker, 2015). Natural increase occurs when the birth rate exceeds death rate and usually accounts for population growth.
Natural increase – Natural increase in the population i.e. because of the birth rate (number of births in a particular period of time) increase within an urban area 2. Migration – Shift or migration of people from other / rural areas to more urban areas 3. Economic opportunities - In search of economic opportunities, better transportation, adequate infrastructure, and better education etc. people tend to choose urban over rural areas to live in.
Urbanization is the process of transformation from a predominantly rural to a predominantly urban population with an increase in urban settlements and rise in the number of people engaging in non-agricultural occupations. (slideshare) This has been extensively affecting the Indian society and has become one of the pre-eminent features of the same. Growth of industries has lead to the growth of towns and cities with in-migration of people from the rural areas, in pursuit of employment and income opportunities. In India the term 'urban ' would signify a settlement with a minimum population of 5000 people and an aggregate 75% of the working section of society engaging in non-agricultural activities. An Indian 'urban ' town shall also consist of a Municipal Corporation, Municipal Council and a cantonment board with a population density of 400 persons a sq.
I. INTRODUCTION: Urbanization generally refers to a process in which an increasing proportion of an entire population lives in cities and suburbs of cities. Historically, it has been closely connected with industrialization. Urbanization initiates industrialization-led economic growth and transition from agricultural-based income and employment to non-agriculture based livelihood opportunities. Rapid urbanization causes shift in rural livelihood base and often result in migration of the farm laborers to off-farm activities in the cities.
The UN report states that: “Trends in urbanization are integrally linked to sustainable development” (p. 1). Detail three ways in which urbanization helps to create more sustainable development. Process and explanation (50+ words) 1. Education Increase of educational services in urban areas results in a more educated working force. 2.