The Effect of European Exploration and Colonization on Native Americans Everyone knows that the colonization of Europeans on the Native American’s land has been disastrous to its people. The exploration of these new lands did not start with Columbus as most of us have been taught, instead stretching back all the way to the fifteenth century A.D, when millions of Native Americans lived in the America’s rather than the small amount we reduced them to. The Europeans brought other things than death to the Native Americans, however. Their culture, being greatly different than the natives, was introduced and influenced them so greatly; signs of it can still be seen today. My goal in this paper is to discuss both the good and the bad effects that came of the Europeans exploring and colonizing the America’s.
The 1960 's was an extremely dull period for numerous individuals whose race was recognizably unique - different to that of the “white” population. Indigenous Australians, in many states, were denied full citizenship on grounds of their race. Migration laws were set up at every opportunity to support "white" European outsiders to Australia. However, gradual change in people’s perceptions began in the late 1960 's. Racism all through the 1960 's impacted the characters in the way that it improved certain qualities, and got the perusers to additionally comprehend the characters themselves, and in addition feel certain feelings towards them.
In addition, the initial colony consisted of 0 women. Without the any means of reproduction, the population in Jamestown declined drastically. However Powhatan saw the values of European technology and decided to help the European technology. As Charles A. Grymes stated: “Chief Powhatan starting to send gifts of food to help the English. If not for the Powhatan Indians help in the early years, the settlement would most likely have failed, as the English would have died from the various diseases or simply starved” (“The First Anglo-Powhatan War (1609-13)”).
Another one of Robert Maine arguments was that Windshuttle claimed that the 20,000 deaths of the Aboriginals did not happened because it was not documented. Although Windshuttle argument of the Aboriginals being illiterate and not keeping any written records does not mean there history did not happen. ‘They responded to violence by the Aborigines towards white settlers cautiously and reluctantly, and their overriding concern was to prevent retaliatory violence by settlers and convicts from getting out of hand.’ That was one of Windshuttle argument that the only reason the white people killed Aboriginals was in retaliation, but all aboriginals on Tasmania were killed which is also know as a genocide. The white settlers were on a mission to kill
The Whiskey Rebellion: When the Confederation Congress had failed greatly with their desire to successfully tie the outlying western areas of the country in the firm structure of the new government. Despite the Northwest Ordinance, which had created single Northwest territory containing land north of Ohio. Under the Northwest Ordinance it had specified a population of 60,000 people to be a minimum amount to gain their statehood. In which the Ordinance had also stated they would gain their freedom of religion and right to a trail by jury to the residents of the territory, and also prohibited slavery throughout the territory. The farmers in the western parts of Massachusetts had begun to rise up in revolt; While settlers in Vermont, Kentucky and Tennessee had begun toying with the new idea of seperating from the Union.
de Ayala argued “the Indians should not be forced to labor in the mercury mines for a year. They should be allowed to rest” . In his statement, he was implicitly criticizing the Spanish rule for denying the Indians their most basic right. These unjust systems led to the extinction of many Native Americans, as they were not able to survive the unbearable conditions they were put in by Europeans. Although Spanish officials such as La Vandera claimed that deaths occurred due to compulsory labor is “quite a small number compared with the previous population of seven million and cannot satisfactory account for the decline” , his statement is subject to bias because he had the most to gain through the Indian’s labor.
As they were assimilated, they lost their traditional ways of life and adopted the western way of working, eventually resulting in a homogenized culture. Their strong connections to their culture, like farming the Three Sisters, matrilineality, and their native languages were all lost. Today, only 7% of the Haudenosaunee population speak their native language. Furthermore, the Dutch sent many Jesuit missionaries into the 6 tribes, starting with the Mohawk and converted one-third of the population into Catholic. This deterred many Haudenosaunee people from learning their own faiths, and has resulted in significant cultural loss.
In these camps their hair was cut, not allowed to wear traditional dress, and they were not allowed to call one another by their Native names. They were given new English names instead. The goal was to surprise Indian culture and assimilate Indian children into mainstream American culture. From the Whites standpoint The Dawes Act of 1887 offered Native
This colony was formed by a group of Separatists, Puritans that believed the Anglican Church was too corrupt and could not be reformed so they formed their own church. On their way to America, they formed the Mayflower Compact, creating a form of government with rule by the majority. Upon landing in the New World, many perished due to starvation, but by forming an alliance with native people, they were able to survive. The Plymouth Colony never thrived, however, there were never more than 7,000 colonists, and they were not able to export many goods to England2. Plymouth illustrates that while a colony can retain the mission with which it initially began, a utopian colony is not able to progress as well as a non-utopian colony, forcing it to either change or remain small and weak.
During the colonial era, the boundaries of the English colony were drawn to serve commercial interests, largely without regard for the territorial claims of the indigenous peoples. Nigeria thus became a forced marriage which did not receive the approval of the couples involved. As a result, about 350 ethnic groups comprise the population of Nigeria, and the country’s unity has been consistently under siege. Several attempts at secession have threatened national unity since the origination of Nigeria, the Biafra War being the last large-scale attempt of secessionist movements. Sadly, thus far, it is very disturbing that a majority of Nigerians have become slaves to their ethnic origins, instead of exploiting these diversities towards national
The White Australian Policy is introduced to prevent individuals who weren’t white from entering Australia that draws upon the concepts of race and stereotype. The Stimulus (Creative Spirits, 2017), looks at a timeline that refers to the Indigenous Australians while the White Australian Policy was active and it shows how the Indigenous Australians were receiving policies that are able to protect them. The reason why I see this relevance to myself is the irony in that, how the Australian Government is only accepting white British settlers into Australia and wouldn’t allow those who distributed the race and stereotype of non-whites. Yet while this Policy is active the government assigns “Queensland Aboriginal Protection Act in 1904, The NSW Aborigines Protect Act in 1909” as stated in (Creative Spirits, 2017). It does not make sense in the ways the Government excludes one race and ethnicity and yet employs new laws and legislation to protect another.
In 1858, the government had directly taken the reserves given to the Native Americans for resources the nation had wanted. The absolute least we as a nation and sports league can do is take away a name that the Native Americans find offense to their culture. We have not given them a voice until recently, although it is still flawed in how we value their opinion. Cynthia Connolly, one of the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, says mascots representing them most often reflect who they were in the 1800s, as warriors.
People who had a criminal record, mental condition or political views were considered undesirable, even then if you had none of the three things listed above you had to be European or British decent. In some rare cases they accepted people from Asia but that was only because they possessed the qualities they needed, for example if they were a doctor or chef. The story of the Tong Way family explains the impact of the White Australia policy on Chinese and other non-European residents. The Tong Way family migrated to Australia in the early 20th century, even though they were allowed to migrate, they were given no choice but to change their beliefs and cultural values, for example all members of the family wore Western dresses and were forced to use Christian names, like John, Mary, Joseph, Samuel, Doris and Hedley, this was very common for Chinese families in the 20th century, even after all the restrictions they faced they were still able to survive. Walsh,
It may be believed that the culture’s ways are always the best, and other cultures are not considered to have any positive elements. This was the thinking behind the ‘White Australia Policy’; after years of half-hearted protection full-blood Aborigines were allowed to die out, while part-Aborigines were encouraged to assimilate into European culture. In 1937, the government released a policy paper which concluded: “The policy of the Commonwealth is to do everything possible to convert the half-caste into a white citizen.” In practice, the ‘half-castes’ were not accepted by the white society causing the assimilation policies to fail, due mainly to high Aboriginal unemployment. It is poignant to highlight that while policies specifically regarding Aborigines were terribly intolerant, it was racism from the community that rendered the policies ineffective. The government may have had a plan, but the culture it promoted had other
American and Australian native residential boarding schools have a lot in common, since they both s have the same goal.Which was to assimilate Native children into Western culture. Both Native American children and Aboriginal were taken to the boarding school by force.Their family did not have the option to keep their children either. Both System were sponsored by churches and the government backing.However their are some difference as in Australia the focus on who was taken to the residential boarding school was on half-caste(Aboriginal children that mixed with white).They also intended removal to be a permanent separation from the family, and community. while in America the focus was on all Native American Children, both mixed and full