This chapter recounts the events of Francisco Pizarro's conquest of the Incan Empire. It offers firsthand accounts from Pizarro's men when they managed to capture Emperor Attahualpa at a time when the monarch was surrounded by around 80,000 men. It also discusses how such a a feat was accomplished by men outnumbered 500 to 1, attributing the Spaniards victory to their possession of steel, guns, and literacy. The author's intentions for this chapter were to describe how Europeans managed to conquer the new world using only groups of a few hundred, and he does this by using Francisco Pizarro's conquest of the Incan Empire as an example.
The author gives insight on how many ways the Spaniards used their power to assist in the downfall of the Aztecs. The reason why the Spaniards became victorious, was because the Spaniards were looked upon as if they were gods because of their outer appearance. The Aztecs broke bread and welcomed the Spaniards with gifts and parties. The Aztecs triggered their relationship with the Spaniards by holding a ritual for the arrival of the god which included a human sacrifice. The Spaniards didn’t agree with the rituals and began to despise the Aztecs.
Using war equipment that the Aztec had never seen before and different battle techniques, Cortes and his men were able to quickly and effectively conquer Tenochtitlan. During battle against the Aztecs, animals from Spain that served in many battles called horses (about twelve), as well as swords and crossbows (a much more advanced version of the Aztec war club and spear-thrower) were labelled as advanced technology as they were quicker, deadlier, and consequently more efficient. These many advantages against the Aztecs and their traditional weapons; and therefore the Spaniards won many battles alongside their allies, and succeeded greatly by using guns that were far more powerful than the Aztecs' weapons. Unfair as it is, this gave the Spanish explorer a supremacy in conquering one of the most elaborate European cities at the time. “The Aztecs were unable to rebel against the Spaniards because most of them were sick or dead from smallpox.
The Spanish conquest on the Mayans was a significant event during the 1500’s. The Spanish conquest brought their military equipment’s that was no match for the Mayan Indians. As the conquest continued to expand throughout Central America there was little unity among other tribes beside the Mayan empire. The reason for this is because they believe that the Spanish were much inferior to their own beliefs and ancestry.
The Great Inca Rebellion impacted the history of Peru and the whole Central and south American history. The Incas were the romans of the new world and made a huge impact on everything. They created Machu Picchu and had great advantages such as their horses for mobility and their steel weapons for fighting. Many hundreds of years later researchers found a cemetery on Puruchuco ground. Many of the bodies were buried like normal facing in the same direction, deep in the ground.
The Spanish had better technology than the natives of the land, along with the carrying of diseases, and having very good diplomacy skills. These advantage overall led to the downfall of the natives and the success of the conquistadors. The Spanish came to the land with technology new to the native tribes. One technology advancements were the swords carried by the Spanish Soldiers. “The conquistadors who swept through the New World were armed with steel swords.”
On the other hand the Aztecs had no horses which was a disadvantage for them. The aztecs had a war club instead of a sword. It was so heavy that the fighter had to use both hands to carry it. The downside it was they could not carry a shield with them like the spanish did to protect themselves . The Aztecs had a spear instead of a halberd.
In his campaign against the Aztec Empire, Cortez relied upon the other local indigenous tribes for assistance. Why did they ally themselves to Cortez and how did they help him secure ultimate victory? In Cortez’s venture to seize Mexico from the Aztec powers he was given he allied with other indigenous tribes, such as the Tlaxcalan's. It can be seen that perhaps the ally was more of mutual want for the destruction of the Aztecs as a mutual enemy rather then the want to benefit one another but the result shows us that this ally between the indigenous and the Spanish Hernan Cortez resulted in both the siege of Mexico and downfall of the Aztecs which may not have happened without this alignment.
In contrast, the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztecs and Incas much quicker. Some of this was due to help they received from other groups of Natives and the situations that were present in these societies when the Spanish arrived. Most of this was due to the debilitating effects European diseases had on Native Americans. Another difference between the two groups’ interactions is the different ways the Africans and Native Americans reacted to the Europeans’ presence. Since the Americas had been isolated from the rest of the world before 1492, they did not know how to react to the arrival of the Europeans and were frightened by how different they were.
Some factors that best explain the success enjoyed by the 16th century conquistadors in conquering Native American empires include riding horses, wearing helmets, advanced weaponry, intimidation, strategy, and disease. Riding horses allowed the conquistadors to move fast and carry their weapons with them, causing fear in the Natives and their defeat. The conquistadors wore helmets that helped protect their heads from the Native American retaliation; this is a very vulnerable part of the body when not protected. Advanced weapons such as guns were terrifying to the Native Americans instilling fear in them and put them at a disadvantage in fighting off the conquistadors. Conquistadors were also armed with very perfected swords that were much
Now the battle consisted of bloody hand-to-hand combat and continued until one side has surrendered or it became night. ("Aztec Battle Tactics"). The main goal of the Aztec army was to break through the enemy 's formation then attacking the remainders from all sides which can be seen as a primitive form of flanking. Another tactic the Aztecs were known for was to engage in battle, pretend to run away, the enemy would follow them right into a trap of many hidden soldiers and would be flanked from all angles.("Aztec Battle Tactics"). The Aztecs had used a very, very large variety of war tactics, but to sum it all up most Aztec tactics revolved around the tactic of flanking and wits.
We had sent him and told him to take over whatever he can and acquire us land and riches to bring back. When he had reached Cajamarca he never intended to harm the Inca’s. Pizarro had just wanted the land, riches, and to convert them all to Christianity. Pizarro got charged with
The Spanish retreated from Tenochtitlan, by fighting their way out, away from the angry mobs. The Spaniards took shelter with the Tlaxacan where they devised a plan to finally to conquer the Aztecs once and for all. The Spaniards, Tlaxacan, and other allied tribes all returned to Tenochtitlan with reinforcements and a siege. After eighty days of bloody battles Cuauhtémoc surrendered to the Spaniards, and that was the end of the Aztec
The Aztec Empire was conquered by the Spanish in 1519 so quickly and rapidly that the Aztec people were left with devastating effects. When the Spanish went to invade the Aztecs they were ready, they had strong steel swords that didn 't break easily and they had cannons and guns as well. But sadly the Aztecs weren 't as rich as the Spanish and only had wooden spears, wooden clubs and wooden and leather shields which could break easily and were no match for the
When Felipillo fell in love with one of Atahualpa’s wives, he did everything he could have her. As a result, his position as the interpreter played to his advantage, his fake allegations stated that Atahualpa was planning to attack the Spaniards. Many believed his argument because of his convincing role and therefore, obviously made the Spaniards very apprehensive. From the Incas point of view, they argued after his death, they would “await him in Quito” they all felt the loss of Atahualpa and many of his wives killed themselves, this does show to an extent the loyalty some individuals would have gone to remain true to their emperor and proving the influence the leader’s life had on them.