What is cancer? Cancer is a name of a group of similar diseases that have similar characteristics. Cancer is caused when there is a mutation in the DNAs ability to replicate, this effects the growth regulating gene. The reason there is a mutation in the gene can be caused by many things, a few being age and viruses; these two factors disrupt the cells growth. What happens then is that the cells start to divide in an uncontrollable and abnormal way.
One of the troubling things about it is that sometimes the signs or symptoms will not arise until the cancer has made a significant amount of progression. Some cancers may cause extreme tiredness or fatigue. This is because the multiplication of cancer cells takes up a lot of the body’s energy. Cancer cells can also release substances into your body that affect nerves and muscles and causes symptoms that can make a person weak or dizzy. For example, some pancreatic cancers release substances that cause blood clots in the veins of the legs.
Symptoms of Hurthle cell carcinoma are similar to those seen in other types of thyroid cancers. These include: • Appearance of a lump at the neck • Voice change that does not get better • Shortness of breath • Sore throat • Difficulty swallowing • Persistent cough not caused by a respiratory problem Part 3: What Causes Hurthle Cell Carcinoma? The exact cause of Hurthle cell carcinoma is not known. However, scientists believe that damaging changes or errors in the genetic material (DNA) in the cells may be involved. Damage or alteration in the DNA causes malfunction in biochemical processes that may lead to uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells, which develop into malignant tumors.
New tissues are generated and supplied to the body. However, patients could experience long term problems. Problems depend on many factors, such as the type of transplant done, the conditioning treatment used, the patient’s overall health and the patient’s age when the transplant was done. Possible long-term risks of transplant include: organ damage, relapse (the cancer comes back), secondary (new cancers), abnormal growth of lymph tissues, infertility (the inability to produce children), hormone changes, such as changes in the thyroid or pituitary gland and cataracts (clouding of the lens of the eye, which causes vision loss) The medicines used in therapies can harm the body’s organs, such as the heart, lungs, kidneys, liver, bones or joints, and nervous
Change the nail Wonder nail changes can be a symptom of a variety of cancers. Brown or black lines and points in the nail point of skin cancer. Pale or white nails can be a sign that the liver is not functioning properly, and it is a symptom of liver cancer. Make your checks today and get rid of
Some monoclonal antibodies trigger the immune system to attack and kill cancer cells. Although cancer cells are abnormal, they develop from normal cells so they can be difficult for the immune system to spot so monoclonal antibodies simply attach themselves to cancer cells, making them easier for the cells of the immune system to find them. Mutations in
Myeloma is one type of cancer.Myeloma is a cancer that affects certain white blood cells in the bone marrow, called plasma cells. When the cancerous plasma cells fill the bone marrow, we are not able to make enough normal blood cells. They also make a lot of one type of antibody. As a result, various symptoms develop. Myeloma is sometimes called multiple myeloma or myelomatosis.
Primary or essential thrombocytosis happens when abnormal cells in the bone marrow make too many platelets. Reactive thrombocytosis happens when a condition like an infection or an injury causes too many platelets to form. What are the causes? The exact cause of primary thrombocytosis is not known. Reactive thrombocytosis may be caused by: Having your spleen surgically removed (splenectomy).
Some causes for secondary thrombocytosis are von Willebrand disease, and cancers. Is thrombocytosis related to any other diseases? No it is not but there are other diseases out there that are causes for secondary thrombocytosis. The von Willebrand disease is one of the causes and different types of cancers are also causes. The types of cancers that can cause secondary thrombocytosis are lung, gastrointestinal, and ovarian.
If the affected cell has severe damage, it will die. Even though it still can reproduce, the daughter cells could be lacking in some life-sustaining component and eventually will die. Another possible result of radiation exposure is mutated cell instead of it dies, and eventually leads to cell mutation which could create malignant tumour. A developing embryo is also sensitive to radiation exposure similar to the tumour but the effects are totally different. It can be said that the whole body sensitivity depends on the most sensitive organs as well as the most sensitive cells.
This is best known through the age in which it first stands out in a person, the younger they are the more severe it will most likely be. Some symptoms may include progressive muscle weakness, delayed motor milestones in children, difficulty walking in adults, respiratory insufficiency, weakened spinal muscles, swallowing/feeding difficulties, poor weight gain, general muscle pain, and headaches. While these may seem harsh, and there is no known cure, there are treatments to help lower the effects such as: Enzyme replacement therapy (Targets the underlying cause) , comprehensive care, and supportive therapies. Pompe disease affects the lysosome in the cell which normally aids the digestion in the
People that have this disorder usually have parents that have abnormal hemoglobin genes; so there for this disease is inherited . Sickle hemoglobin also can form stiff rods within the red blood cells which causes the cell to take a sickle (crescent) shape. The cells shape does not change easy so they tend to burst. If the cells have a lack of oxygen it can lead to attacks on the cell which cause severe pain that might require hospitalization. The lack of oxygen can also cause serious damage to the organs such as the heart, brain, eyes, skin etcetera.