During the Archaic age of Greece, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city states. This period was the golden age of Greece, as it experienced expansive amounts of wealth and power. Athens and Sparta were deemed opposites, Athens being the “good guys” and Sparta being the “bad guys”. However, this idea is incorrect. Athens established the Delian League with their “allies” in order to “fight against the Persians” but this alliance was just a pawn in the Athenian chess game.
To begin, Greek mythology has greatly affected the modern english language. There are many examples to support this idea. One example that may not be common among youth, but was definitely inspired by a Greek myth is the saying “Achilles heel”. “To have an “Achilles heel” means to have a weakness or vulnerable point.”(How Has Greek Influenced the English Language?). The phrase derives from the story of Achilles, a famous greek war hero who had no way of being defeated, except for his heel.
After nine years of fighting and war, the Greeks who were led by Odysseus finally conquered Troy. The history of the Trojan War is important, but why? The history of the Trojan war is very crucial to Greek history, because of its cause, its consequence, and the fact that it was a hard fought war. The cause of the Trojan War, which is the abduction of Helen, is very important to the Greek history. The Trojan War would have never taken place, had the kidnapping of Helen never occurred.
In the History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides, Pericles argues that actions which are not informed by reasoned talk, speeches, dialogue, or deliberation are not actions worth taking and will ultimately lead to the downfall of Athens. Sophocles’ Ajax is, in some ways, a challenge to Pericles’ claim. Ajax the character is the practical “man of action,” the brave and heroic warrior, whose authority is not rooted in lofty speeches or thoughtful dialogue, but rather in combat, where he always comes out the victor. However, Sophocles opens the play just as the Trojan War has ended, and Achilles arms have been awarded to Odysseus by a tribunal, thus reducing Ajax to a man of words and speeches as he spends most of the play lamenting his situation and condition, often in the form of soliloquys, before taking his own life by falling on his sword. Just as one war has ended, Ajax is thrown
The spread was the result of the Greeks failure to live in peace. During this time Alexander the Great took the throne after the assassination of Philip of Macedonian. Alexander built an empire that ranged from Greece to India. Although short, the empire changed the ancient world. It caused the spread of Greek ideas, cultures, and ways of life, hence the origin of the word "Hellenistic" meaning to speak the Greek language or identify with the Greeks.
The Iliad by Homer The Iliad was a really good representation of the chaotic war-torn times of the area surrounding the Mediterranean Sea; this includes the countries Rome and Greece. It was a time where nations were trying to expand their power and influence and warriors were claiming their spoils of war. I mean the beginning of book I of The Iliad, Achilles and Agamemnon are arguing over the rewards and the spoils of war. Agamemnon didn’t want to give up his prize girl Chryses in order to please the God Apollo and stop the plague and the rain of arrow falling from Olympus. However, in the end Agamemnon took Achilles’ girl, Briseis, which really hurt Achilles in the end.
Both shown their greatest success, Rome showed its greatest success in the darkest hours of the disaster, while Carthage’s greatness was its success (Morey, 1901). The outbreak of the War in Sicily was the first conflict between Rome and Carthage, this war is known as the First Punic War. The Romans gain control of the cities of Messana and Agrigentum after fighting with the Carthaginians and the people from Syracuse. The Romans after keep experiencing a struggle against the Carthaginians’ navy in battle, they realized that the only way to overpower Carthage was to meet their power in the seas as, on the land, the downside of their navy is that they had a few naval ships. To compare their naval ships against the Carthaginians, they had five banks of oars called the quinquiremes, and the Roman had three banks of oars called the triremes.
In the speech, Antony is trying to sway the crowd into agreeing with the motives for murdering Caesar by using logos to justify his actions. “I thrice presented him a kingly crown, which he thrice refuse: was this ambition?” This quote explains the thesis by showing that Antony used Caesar’s lack of ambition to indicate that Caesar wasn’t the ideal leader and, therefore, because of how quickly he was gaining power, he had to be stopped before his meager mindset