This resulted to what was later called the Decelean War or the Ionian War where Sparta aided by Persians were involved in supporting rebellions in various Athenian controlled cities such as Ionia and Aegean. This undermined the strength of Athens
During the Archaic age of Greece, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city states. This period was the golden age of Greece, as it experienced expansive amounts of wealth and power. Athens and Sparta were deemed opposites, Athens being the “good guys” and Sparta being the “bad guys”. However, this idea is incorrect. Athens established the Delian League with their “allies” in order to “fight against the Persians” but this alliance was just a pawn in the Athenian chess game.
To begin, Greek mythology has greatly affected the modern english language. There are many examples to support this idea. One example that may not be common among youth, but was definitely inspired by a Greek myth is the saying “Achilles heel”. “To have an “Achilles heel” means to have a weakness or vulnerable point. ”(How
The history of the Trojan War is important, but why? The history of the Trojan war is very crucial to Greek history, because of its cause, its consequence, and the fact that it was a hard fought war. The cause of the Trojan War, which is the abduction of Helen, is very important to the Greek history. The Trojan War would have never taken place, had the kidnapping of Helen never occurred. This war, which took place in the 12th century B.C (Trojan War ,History.com) was caused when Paris, King of Troy at that time, abducted and took Helen away from the Greeks.
In the History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides, Pericles argues that actions which are not informed by reasoned talk, speeches, dialogue, or deliberation are not actions worth taking and will ultimately lead to the downfall of Athens. Sophocles’ Ajax is, in some ways, a challenge to Pericles’ claim. Ajax the character is the practical “man of action,” the brave and heroic warrior, whose authority is not rooted in lofty speeches or thoughtful dialogue, but rather in combat, where he always comes out the victor. However, Sophocles opens the play just as the Trojan War has ended, and Achilles arms have been awarded to Odysseus by a tribunal, thus reducing Ajax to a man of words and speeches as he spends most of the play lamenting his situation and condition, often in the form of soliloquys, before taking his own life by falling on his sword. Just as one war has ended, Ajax is thrown
The spread was the result of the Greeks failure to live in peace. During this time Alexander the Great took the throne after the assassination of Philip of Macedonian. Alexander built an empire that ranged from Greece to India. Although short, the empire changed the ancient world. It caused the spread of Greek ideas, cultures, and ways of life, hence the origin of the word "Hellenistic" meaning to speak the Greek language or identify with the Greeks.
The Iliad by Homer The Iliad was a really good representation of the chaotic war-torn times of the area surrounding the Mediterranean Sea; this includes the countries Rome and Greece. It was a time where nations were trying to expand their power and influence and warriors were claiming their spoils of war. I mean the beginning of book I of The Iliad, Achilles and Agamemnon are arguing over the rewards and the spoils of war. Agamemnon didn’t want to give up his prize girl Chryses in order to please the God Apollo and stop the plague and the rain of arrow falling from Olympus.
Both shown their greatest success, Rome showed its greatest success in the darkest hours of the disaster, while Carthage’s greatness was its success (Morey, 1901). The outbreak of the War in Sicily was the first conflict between Rome and Carthage, this war is known as the First Punic War. The Romans gain control of the cities of Messana and Agrigentum after fighting with the Carthaginians and the people from Syracuse. The Romans after keep experiencing a struggle against the Carthaginians’ navy in battle, they realized that the only way to overpower Carthage was to meet their power in the seas as, on the land, the downside of their navy is that they had a few naval ships. To compare their naval ships against the Carthaginians, they had five banks of oars called the quinquiremes, and the Roman had three banks of oars called the triremes.
“I thrice presented him a kingly crown, which he thrice refuse: was this ambition?” This quote explains the thesis by showing that Antony used Caesar’s lack of ambition to indicate that Caesar wasn’t the ideal leader and, therefore, because of how quickly he was gaining power, he had to be stopped before his meager mindset
According to An Empire of the Mind, A year after their defeat of Athens in 404 BC, the Spartans allowed the Athenians to replace the government of the Thirty Tyrants with a new democracy. The tyranny had been a terrible and bloody failure, and even the Spartans acknowledged that a moderate form of democracy would be preferable. As a system of government, democracy quickly spread to a number of other leading city-states, despite the authoritarian grip of Sparta on the Greek world. However, Sparta 's dominance was not to last. Overextended and unable to adjust to new battle techniques, in 371 BC Spartan hoplites suffered their first major defeat in 200 years at the hands of the Theban general Epaminodas.
Alexander’s military brilliance was unquestionable. He was a leader invincible in both, siege warfare and set battles. In addition to that, his intelligence and communications skills were immaculate. The Roman historian Arrian, in his account Alexander Puts Down a Mutiny, explains Alexander’s ability of communication and leadership skills, “[M]arching out from a country too poor to maintain you decently, [I] laid open for you at a blow, and in spite of Persia’s naval supremacy, the gates of the Hellespont. My cavalry crushed the satraps of Darius, and I added all Ionia and Aeolia, the two Phrygias and Lydia to your empire….
After looking at the hard facts it 's time to compare the rulers to each other! Alexander had one of the biggest impacts on young Greece and current Greece. Alexander defeated the “Persians”, Egyptians, and Mesopotamians gaining land all the while (Alexander the Great).
Imagine a world that, as a woman, your sole purpose in life was to satisfy a husband that was chosen for you by your parents! During the Golden Age (ca. 500s-300s BCE) of ancient Athens this was the harsh reality. Political leaders claimed they had held the members of their society to a higher standard of democracy, equality, and fairness. In reality it was the exact opposite the Athens used military forces to gain power over neutral island nations, the women and children were not equal to the men, and they had and used slaves.