This epic is able to show the relations with nations at the time, the status in which people were held, and cultural art through the popularity of this work. However, historians can find the problem of this work being bias in some ways. The Odyssey was written for Greece, which allows Homer to write in favor of his nation. Hesiod’s work does not uplift Classical Greece that of Homer, but Hesiod illustrates the hardship of the
She shares her experience of being a housewife and what a typical day entails; cooking, cleaning, children, and the occasional reading. Although she loves being a housewife she struggles with societal and personal views of her job. Continuously being considered as second-class citizens, women didn’t have many of the rights males in the US are granted and some cases still do. Women accept
Sparta prohibited any new ideas while Athens accepted it. Sparta was about fitness, survival, and war while Athens was about public speaking, debate, and music. As you may see, Sparta and Athens may seem like two whole different worlds, and it’s clear that they deemed each value of theirs’ important, but which city-state would go to great length to preserve that value? Sparta was more committed to their cultural value than Athens. Spartans valued military power.
Like the Athenians, the Spartans supported the idea that wealth should not limit a person. Lykurgus, “abolished… terrible evils of riches and poverty by inducing all land-owners to offer their estates for distribution.” The Spartan’s society forced everyone to be economically equal in order for the people to train together and be true Spartans. Similar to the Athenians, the Spartans believed that wealth stymies the concept of one Polis working together to achieve a goal. In addition, the Spartans and Athenians would do anything for their polis. The Spartans would use selective breeding in order to have children that were strong in order to be able to raise their own children.
Sparta Vs. Athens Sparta was a militaristic and warrior city in ancient Greece, it was focused on loyalty on the military service and the state. The people of Sparta were also known for their strengths that were built by them at a very young age. At the age of seven, Spartan boys began education and military service training that was supported by the state. Though Spartan women were not serving the military, they still were educated and got to have more status and freedom, and rights than the rest of the Greek women. As a woman one would rather stay in Sparta than in Athens because the women of Sparta got to have sovereignty, mobility/status, rights and respect.
The main objective of this essay is to describe and investigate the structure of the government in the ancient Greece’s most powerful city states, namely, Athens and Sparta. Both city states have gone through various cycles of wars, reforms, social upheaval and unrests, and each of these elements has had influenced the development of the governmental systems that we have bettered or inherited today. Athenians saw the need for fundamental changes in the government, allowing them to pave the way for direct participation of their citizens and citizen’s initiative in the democracy and elimination of the some oligarchical elements. The Sparta, although not as democratic as Athens, allowed women to be far more than reproductive machines whom were expected to live only to please the men. However, the militarized society of Sparta and the warrior mindset didn’t chose alienation of the masses over the integration of the weakest members of the society.
For example, back then women had just been allowed to vote. This was a huge change for that time, and changed the course of history. Also, wives could not own a property; it all belonged to their husbands. Today, women have fought for, and acquired much more freedom in regards to rights and freedoms, such as being allowed to vote, being allowed to own property, and having more power over their own decisions. Thirdly, most wives in the late 19th-20th century didn’t have much of an education, because they were forced to stay home and take care of domestic tasks.
Socrates’ admiration for Sparta’s unique principles revealed, that not only were Spartans different from the rest of the Greeks, but how restricted the right to an education was to women in other parts of Greece. In Athens, wealthier families hired tutors to teach their daughters the basics of writing and reading, but the rest of the Athenian girls had no “formal” education. In rare occasions, daughters of Athenian aristocrats, particularly females of the noble Athenian family, were sent to live with one of the many female cults that served numerous temples of various goddesses to acquire knowledge from them (Lewis,
Because the Golden Ages in Athens and in the Gupta Empire successfully achieved maximum potential in politics, economics and culture resulted in a prosperous, powerful nation that lasted many years. In Athens and the Gupta Empire both governments had similar ways of dividing the government. Pericles, the leader of the direct democracy in Athens, distributed power by dividing the government into three sections: the Boule, the Ekklesia, and the Dikasteria. This would allow certain laws be passed by certain branches. Likewise, Chandragupta II, the ruler of the Gupta Empire decided to rule a bureaucratic government by dividing the empire into different provinces.
They inherited and held property and if they were married they gained control over their property. They were treated as equal as the men. They had a voice and they were able to say what they wanted when they wanted. The only problem that really arose was that the women were sometimes bossing around the men and it didn’t always go over so smoothly. Just like today’s women, they raised their children, managed their houses and educated their children but they were very handworkers and they weren’t giving up.
Men understand to look out for the public interest, therefore, social identity before the Revolution was straightforward if you were a servant you had little mobility in society, the wealthy had more mobility in social standings. As for women, they were seen as their husband 's property once they married their dowry became their husband’s money. Women tried to make their voices heard, especially throughout the revolution. A women’s place in the world was their ‘sensibility’, their ability to “stimulate the sentiments or emotions of individuals… inspiring them to act in ways that promoted the virtue and happiness of others,” (The Contrast p.5). After the revolution women were allowed to have a voice in marriage, they were no longer seen as only being domestic.