Surgeons on the ships carried supposed medications such as gum camphor, rhubarb, and cinnamon water. The crews on the slave ships were usually young, poor men because of the low pay and appalling conditions. John Newton, the captain of a slave ship, thought the slave trade ruined the sensitivity of his crew. He said, “the real or supposed necessity of treating the Negroes with rigor gradually brings a numbness upon the heart and renders those who are engaged in it too indifferent to sufferings of their fellow creatures.” Deaths on the slaves ships were rarely less than one-fifth of the crew. The death toll amongst slaves was extremely high, and around twenty percent of slaves who crossed the Middle Passage died from various diseases or from committing suicide.
According to Hine (379-380) slave trade existed in both societies, where slaves could be traded through newspapers. The depiction of this practise, which often involved tragedy, as on the slave markets families were separated and all types of friendly and romantic relationships broken, may be found present in both texts. In the Radishchev 's novel the narrator contemplates an auction of serfs in the Mednoe village: "As soon as the terrible hammer emitted its dull sound the four unfortunates learned their fate, - tears, sob, moans have pierced the ears of the gathered" (Радищев 512). The slave market described by George to Mr. Wilson, the factory owner resembles its russian prototype, because here also the sorrow of family separation may be contemplated: "I saw my mother at sheriff 's sale, with her seven children. They were sold before her eyes, one by one, all to different masters" (Stowe 126).
In the excerpt of the “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass An American Slave,” Douglass discusses the horrors of being enslaved and a fugitive slave. Through Douglass’s use of figurative language, diction and repetition he emphasizes the cruelty he experiences thus allowing readers to under-stand his feelings of happiness, fear and isolation upon escaping slavery. Figurative language allocates emotions such as excitement, dread and seclusion. As a slave you have no rights, identity or home. Escaping slavery is the only hope of establishing a sense of self and humanity.
The Middle Passage was the voyage from Africa to America, which the ships made, bringing their cargo of slaves. Some say it was called the middle section of the trade path engaging by many of ships. It was so many shackled with iron below deck. The young black slaves were considered a risk that they might over- turn their captures. They lived in deplorable conditions, which contribute to diseases and deaths.
The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano is a very interesting autobiography of a man of African descent, who paints a picture for the readers as he takes us back through his journey of being born into a life with freedom, being captured and sold away into slavery, and later on buying his own freedom back. In the story, Mr. Equiano goes into great detail when describing his life as a slave, from his journey across Africa to his many voyages around the world. He narrates from a very dramatic perspective, which gives the reader a good vison of what is going on. Later on in life, Equiano decides to become a spokesman for the freedom of African slaves and writes his autobiography to have his voice heard. After publishing his book,
He speaks about Douglass own work being truthful in the way that Douglass Narrative affects readers in an emotional way. According to Garrison, Douglass suffered but gained many valuable lessons. The case of Douglass is extreme because his story portrays a young man escaping slavery, understanding what it means to be a slave, becoming educated, and lessons he learned. He was inspired in making slaves free and arguing that slaves are American
In Olaudah Equiano’s narrative, he demonstrates an oppressive tone in order to create sympathy for the slaves. For example, when the slaves pack onto the ships, the author describes, “[that] the stench…was so intolerably loathsome…it was dangerous to remain there” (Equiano 45). The diction Equiano uses such as, “stench” and “intolerably loathsome” leads to an increased amount of sympathy for the slaves suffering in the horrendous conditions. Equiano illuminates the dehumanization of the black slaves by describing the atrocities of where they survive. Furthermore, after days without food, instead of providing the slaves with much needed food, the whites simply, “tossed the remaining fish in the sea...although [the slaves] begged and pleaded
For example, Equiano mentions that at times on the deck he see's his companions come up dead, and so he says, "which I began to hope would soon put an end to my miseries" (172). At this point, he wants his audience to know that leaving the wretched ship is better than living through misery. This is an example of emotional appeal that provoked empathy towards the Africans. Also, he describes the smells of the ship. Equiano says, "the air soon became unfit for respiration from the variety of loathsome smells, and brought on a sickness among the slaves of which may died" (172).
This would incite uprisings, gut, and turmoil. They demonstrated the crowd 's "direct of fear" in the midst of the French Revolt and fought for the continuation of the same old thing, which was pleasing riches and security for the slaveholding class and for every single free person who valued the plenitude of the slave society. Defenders of subjugation fought that servitude had existed all through history and was the trademark state of mankind. The Greeks had slaves, the Romans had slaves, and the English had enslavement until starting late. Watchmen of subjection saw that in the Book of sacred texts, Abraham had slaves.
Louisiana in the 1800s was riddled with slavery, and it was necessary to push an image into popularity in order to hide the immorality of the slave owner’s actions. This is explored in Desiree’s Baby by Kate Chopin. In her story, she writes about Armand’s emotions toward Désirée, “Moreover he no longer loved her, because of the unconscious injury she had brought upon his home and his name” (Chopin, 3). As a social elite, the need to hold his status and keep his family in favor of others had Armand ostracizing his love for Désirée. As was expected of the time, plantation owner’s had to broadcast certain opinions about people of color.
Slaves were introduced to unknown diseases and suffered from malnutrition long before they reached their destination. Many of the Africans preferred death over slavery. As Olaudah Equiano mentions, some men that were traveling with him jumped to the ocean to reach death, but did not succeed. The death of the Africans meant economic loss for the traders, so maintaining them alive before selling them, was a rough