A lot of people died in the way to the ship. Men were chained by each other’s packed in cargo they had to lie in each other’s blood and urine. The development of the Atlantic slave trade enslaved far greater numbers of Africans and increased exploitation of slave labour from Africa to New World. Slaves were exported from Africa to America for a hard work firstly had to endure inhuman conditions in
It started as a result of the exploration of the Portuguese in the 15th century and its effects is monumental. History has it that this singular activities affected the African countries and the countries that came to ravage the African countries: Americas and Britain. Scholars have established the fact that slave trade brought about many devastating effects on Africa ranging from death of millions of people to economical and social breakdown. On the contrary, this same slave trade led to the economic development of America and Britain. Transatlantic slave trade was in operation from 14th century though 19th centuries.
The Africans who were enslaved were generally prisoners of war or captives from slave raids. “As the demand for slaves grew, so did the practice of systematic slave raiding, which increased in scope and efficiency with the introduction of firearms to Africa in the 17th century. By the 18th century, most African slaves were acquired through slave raids, which penetrated farther and farther inland.” Those unlucky enough to be captured in certain invasions were forced to march certain paths, sometimes for a few hundred miles, to markets on the coast to be traded for simple materials in return. From the mid-fifteenth to the late-nineteenth century, European and American slave sellers obtained roughly 12
Introduction: During the 1800’s, Slavery was an immense problem in the United States. Slaves were people who were harshly forced to work against their will and were often deprived of their basic human rights. Forced marriages, child soldiers, and servants were all considered part of enslaved workers. As a consequence to the abolition people found guilty were severely punished by the law. Slavery in the US was firstly introduced in 1619 when tobacco and crops had to be grown effectively.
The middle passage was a sea journey by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies and Americas from 1601-1857 (University). The first successful African author, Olaudah Equiano (Donaldson) portrays the vivid details and personalizes these destructive forces of slave trading during the middle passage. In his narrative, Equiano influenced British abolitionists, as well as European slave masters, and convicted them of their wrongdoing. Slave trading during the middle passage was the most destructive thing to happen within the African culture because of the harsh physical and psychological effects, inhumane treatment, and dehumanization of slaves. Equiano’s enslavement lasted from 1756 – 1766.
Although forms of slavery existed before the 1400s, this decade stigmatized the start of European slave trading in Africa with the Portuguese transferring people from Africa to Portugal and exploiting them as slaves. The development of colonization intensified the slave trade. Throughout the 1600s, more countries were involved in the European slave trade, including Spain, North America, Holland, France, Sweden, and Denmark. After the cessation of the African slave trade, occurred the phenomenon of “white slavery”, which constitutes the “procurement—by use of force, deceit, or drugs— of a white woman or girl against her will for prostitution.” 4.1.2. Human Trafficking in the 1900s
Not all African societies were equally affected, but countries such as Angola and Senegal suffered heavily (SAHO, s.a.). The most important consequences of the Atlantic slave trade were demographic, economic, and political (SAHO, s.a.). There can be no doubt that the Atlantic slave trade greatly retarded African demographic development, a fact that was to have lasting consequences for the history of the continent (SAHO, s.a.). At best, African populations remained stagnant (SAHO, s.a.). The export of the most economically active men and women led to the disintegration of entire societies (SAHO, s.a.).
The ancient Greeks and Romans all had slavery during their times living on earth. Slavery existed in Africa before the Europeans arrived, people captured in battle, was a punishment for crimes and enslaved people could work to buy their freedom without their children becoming slaves. When the Europeans arrived to Africa slavery changed, the Europeans enslaved generations of people forever by taking them from their homeland and forcing them across the Atlantic to work in mines and plantations in the Caribbean and America. Many of the Caribbean islands and parts of North and South America were conquered by European countries and the want for trade and free labor made up the Triangular trade between Europe, Africa and the Americas with every place between them. The middle passage refers to how the European transported the slave, mostly laid chained in rows on the floor of the hold or on shelves that ran around the inside of the ships’ hulls on a three to four months voyage across the Atlantic and West Indies.
One of the other causes for the fall of Rome was the slave labour. The number of slaves increased considerably in the first 2 centuries of the Empire. The Roman's dependence on slave labour led not only to the decline in morals, values and beliefs but also to the temporary stop of any new technology. Romans could rely on the slave labour for all their needs but this reliance inhibited technological transform and development. The poor treatment of slaves led to several Servile (Slave) Wars.
The Slave Voyages The Atlantic Slave Trade, starting in 1650 and ending in 1807, was the massive shipment of African Americans from their homes in Africa to America where they would be sold as slaves and forced to work on Plantations. During its time there were over 36,000 voyages to the Africa and back resulting in the capture and the enslavement of over 12 million people. With so many excursion happening during this timeline, it has helped create a long list of history that historians can study to get a better understanding of what was going on during this period. One of the many voyages that took place during the Slave voyages was is listed as Voyage 25488 starting in Charleston and traveling to the Congo River to purchase slaves and return to Charleston to have them sold. This voyage was led by Captain Caruth, who was the Captain of the Africa which was owned by William Boyd.