Imagine living in a period in which the realities of war encased the world, and the lethal potential to end all suffering was up to a single being. During World War II, tensions between Japan and the United States increased. Despite pleas from US President, Harry Truman, for Japan to surrender, the Japanese were intent on continuing the fight. As a result, Truman ordered the atomic bomb, a deadly revolution in nuclear science, to be dropped on the towns of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. President Harry Truman, in his speech, “Announcement of the Dropping of the Atomic Bomb,” supports his claim that the dropping of the A-bomb shortened the war, saved lives, and got revenge by appealing to American anger by mentioning traumatic historical events and
Thesis statement: Though many speculate that the act of dropping the atomic bomb on Japan (Hiroshima and Nagasaki) while not doing so on Europe (Germany and Italy) was racially motivated, racism played little to no role in these bombings. The United States of America and her allies were willing to end World War II at any cost, had the atomic bombs been available they would have been deployed in Europe. In the 1940’s there is no doubt that the United States of America was engulfed by mass anti-Japanese hysteria which inevitably bled over into America’s foreign policy. During this period Japanese people living in both Japan and the United States of America were seen as less that human. Japanese-Americans living on the west coast were savagely and unjustifiably uprooted from their daily lives.
In America’s opinion, Japan had lost the war; they did not have any capital to negotiate with. Japan had to accept unconditional surrender; if they disagreed with that request, America would drop the bomb. What made the Japanese surrender was the retention of their emperor; anything else couldn’t have forced a Japanese surrender, including the attack of the atomic bomb. As Japan's Prime Minister Suzuki spelled out on June 9, 1945. “Should the Emperor system be abolished, they [the Japanese people] would lose all reason for existence….
Section A Plan of Investigation I have always felt very strongly opposed to the dropping of the atomic bombs on Japan. While reading The Untold History of the United States by Oliver Stone and Peter Kuznick, I came across a chapter that focused on ‘atomic diplomacy’ and was immediately interested. I was surprised by the complicated politics of the decision and the people, government officials, military leaders, and scientists, who all had a role to play in this major event of history. I was particularly intrigued by James Byrnes, the Secretary of State in Truman’s cabinet, who the authors seemed to indicate heavily impacted Truman and his decision to use the atomic bomb. Thus, the purpose of this investigation is to evaluate to what extent James Byrnes, the Secretary of State in Truman’s cabinet, influenced President Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan by analyzing published works from historians.
Individual agendas appeared to have played in the ultimate dropping of the bombs. Scientists wanting not to have development of the bomb to be used for warfare, were kept from speaking with President Truman to give him an alternative perspective. Tight restrictions were implemented. The fact that intimidation of the Soviet Union was interesting. It provided another piece of
The use of the atomic bomb in World War II was a horrifying site. Although the use of the first bomb on Hiroshima may be justified the use of the second bomb on Nagasaki was not. The use of the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima was a necessary step towards winning the war with Japan. The dropping of this bomb saved many American lives that would have most likely been lost in the war effort had we decided not to use the atomic bomb. The dropping of this bomb also showed the Japanese that we were not afraid to do what was necessary to win the war and that they should surrender while they had the chance.
As the Japanese forces were considered the aggressors of the conflict by the Allies and Japanese veterans alike, the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was justified. Their aggression previous to the bombing was demonstrated through the attack on Pearl Harbour, which led to America’s involvement in World War II. The attack was not one born out of vengeance and was not strategically logical, whereas there was a reason behind the bombing of Hiroshima, that reason being that the Japanese military would not agree to the clauses presented in the Potsdam Declaration. This declaration was given to the military officials as an invitation to surrender before the first bombing, providing ample time for them to make a decision to hopefully end the
Roosevelt did everything he could to engage the USA in the war but he could not declare war, only the Congress has the power to do that. So, he had to wait until the Isolationist members of Congress, who did not want to get involved in the war, were angered by the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor and agreed to vote in favor of going to war. The USA did not at first declare war on Germany - Germany declared war on the USA first.
Not all the Japanese were a target as well, just the military. Yeah this was bad, but it could 've turned out worse if we didn 't do it. This was an experiment, the bomb was never used before and it could’ve been worse too. What if Japan decided to bomb us? Or attack us somewhere sometime else?