It constituted an enforcement of the conviction of unwritten laws the white privileged followed because the judicative in the United States did not provide the kind of justice they favored for defendants. The demonstration of Black’s powerlessness to boost their own feeling of superiority was common and practiced. When the mob in To Kill a Mockingbird arrives at Maycomb jail, Atticus sits in front of the door to ensure his defendant’s safety. Scout, Jem and a friend of them arrive at the jail where, the narrator Scout starts a conversation with a father of one of her classmates, Mr. Cunningham. That conversation apparently changes his mind as he is reminded of his own children and he tells the others to leave.
In “To Kill a Mockingbird” Many of the residents of Maycomb are racist, and don’t believe that blacks should have rights like any normal person. Atticus; however, stood up for a Blackman for his trail, because he believes that everyone should have the right to tell the truth and not suffer for false rumors. Knowing he would withstand judgement through the process of the trail for defending the man rightfully, he took the risk anyway. Atticus and his family had to go through the threats of the towns people, bullying, and family drama. The central main idea is, It’s not easy defending for what you believe is right.
Everyone has been a mockingbird at least once in their life. In To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, the characters Arthur “Boo” Radley, Jeremy “Jem” Finch and Tom Robinson all represent mockingbirds in different ways. Boo represents one because he will be judged if he leaves his house. Jem is an example of one also, because he realizes as he grows up that the town he lives in is racist and judgemental. Tom is another example because the Ewells take advantage of his life to get away with their own.
He took out his anger about losing the case by attacking Scout and Jem (262), instead of their father. A character who acts very differently to this is Atticus Finch. He took responsibility for Tom Robinson by taking his case, and the responsibility of the rumors being said about him by telling Scout and Jem, “hold your head up high and keep those fists down,” (76). He also took responsibility for the things that Bob Ewell won’t. When Bob took out his anger on Atticus by spitting in his face, the lawyer simply said, “If spitting in my face and threatening me saved Mayella Ewell one extra beating, that’s something I’ll gladly take,” (218).
Continually, he realizes that the town he stood by has unethical values that blind the people in Maycomb. Harper Lee illustrates through the experiences of Jem and Scout that to come of age one must realize that society’s views on people are racist. To begin, Jem’s first signs of maturity is when he reads to Mrs. Dubose. In the novel, Jem ruins Mrs. Dubose’s flowers as a result of an offensive comment she remarks about his father. Mrs. Dubose says that Jem and Scouts father, Atticus, is a “nigger lover”.
For example, when Silas found the white man’s possessions within his home, he became extremely angry with Sarah, threatening to beat her in multiple ways; one occurrence includes Silas screaming, “Yuh ain comin back in mah house till Ah beat yuh” (Wright, 145) because Sarah had left in order to protect her and the baby. This is a perfect representation on how the black man was very controlling of the black female because he had the power to beat his wife and determined whether or not she would enter back in the house. Silas made Sarah so fearful, she ran away from their home and did not
Chillingsworth is obsessed with Dimmesdale for committing adultery with his wife. He moves into Dimmesdale’s house with him to make sure his health keeps declining. Captain Ahab is obsessed with Moby Dick for biting his leg off, causing him to rely on a wooden leg to be the replacement of his missing limb. He and a few others even start to see hallucinations of Moby Dick taunting them while they are fighting the storm because they are so obsessed with finding him, but the rest of the crew doesn’t see him. The final similarity they share is that they both want death for the revenge of their enemy.
Mark Twain uses Boggs and the mob to illustrate the hypocrisy of Southern society and the difference between societal morality and true morality. Colonel Sherburn gave ample warning to Boggs, after he was insulted, that he was going to shoot him. Boggs, being drunk, ignored the advice and remained at that exact spot. When Sherburn returns and sees him again, he draws his gun and shoots the man, leading to the formation of a mob that confronts him at his house. Once they are all gathered the colonel holds them at gunpoint and gives a speech about the group of cowards that is a mob saying, “The pitifulness thing is a mob; that’s what an army is-a mob; they don’t fight with courage that’s born in them, but with courage that’s borrowed from their mass, and from their officers.
Institutional racism is more dangerous because it has a greater effect on society. In chapter 21 Right after the jury comes out and Judge Taylor reads the verdict Judge Taylor says, “Guilty... Guilty...Guilty...Guilty…” (Lee 282) Tom was found guilty because of his race, This has a more negative effect on society because Tom was an innocent man that was put in jail because of the racist court system. Next, In chapter 15 after Tom is put in jail Bob Ewell and the lynch mob try to kill Tom because he is a black man even though Tom is innocent. Bob Ewell says, “You know what we want,” Another man said “Get aside from the door, Mr. Finch” (Lee 202) The lynch mob wanted to kill Tom because he is black, This is more dangerous to society because a group or institution is more powerful because they have more people so they can do more damage to society. In conclusion, Institutional racism is more harmful because groups and institutions can do more damage to society than one
In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch, against all odds, chooses to defend Tom Robinson, a black man accused of raping Mr. Ewell’s white daughter. During the 1930s, when the story took place, Tom’s hometown Maycomb was very racist and segregated. Negroes were considered inferior to all white people, making it difficult for Atticus to support Mr. Robinson against the “superior”Mr. Ewell. In an effort to explain to Scout, Atticus’s daughter, why he is choosing to help Mr. Robinson, Atticus remarks, “Simply because we were licked a hundred years before we started is no reason not to try to win” (Lee 101).
He lost a case because of a racist jury and lost his freedom and life along with it. To begin with, Tom Robinson is affected by racism because he is black and in society black men are not to be trusted near woman and since he was accused for raping Mayella Ewell, jury and Maycomb citizens believed that Tom Robinson was guilty. For instance, “[…] the evil assumption- that all Negro men are basically immoral beings, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women […]” (Lee 273). This shows us that many white individuals believe that black men are immoral beings and should not be trusted around woman, this instantly clicks into the jury’s mind leading a head start for the Ewell to win the case and even the jury already jumping to conclusions with their final decision with racial judgements. Tom Robinson is also affected by racism due to losing his life and freedom because of losing a case which he was accused.
Mr. Gilmer would have said it’s the jury duty to convict Tom Robinson for what he has done. That Mayella will never know peace until Tom is hung for his crimes. That with Tom running free no women would be safe. He would want to play up the stereotypes of savage black man that can’t be trusted with white women, because that would hit home with the men on the jury. This tact Mr. Glimer hopes to distract them from the lack of facts.
The novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee changed the way our society perceives minorities. To Kill a Mockingbird unveiled the idea of good and evil being present in the same person. Lee revealed that it’s the person’s ability to choose right from wrong, and good from evil. To Kill a Mockingbird is a novel about a single father raising a son and daughter in the town of Maycomb, Alabama, around the time of the Great Depression. Atticus decides to take a case that opens the eyes of the people who live in Maycomb.
Standing Up to the Crowd in The Help and To Kill a Mockingbird “If you want to be a real human being - a real woman, a real man - you cannot tolerate things which put you to indignation, to outrage. You must stand up. I always say to people, 'Look around; look at what makes you unhappy, what makes you furious, and then engage yourself in some action”(Stephane Hessel). The novel, To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, is from the perspective of a little girl named Scout and it is about her father, Atticus Finch trying to helplessly defend an innocent black man from the racist justice system that was present during the 1930s. The movie, The Help by Tate Taylor, is about the treatment of African American maids during the 1960s and the main character, Skeeter Phelan trying to help them by publishing a novel about how the maids were treated like and how it affected their life.
Tom Robinson is caught kissing a white woman from Maycomb named Mayella Ewell. To prevent being frowned upon by the local citizens, she instead said that Tom Robinson raped her even though that was far from the truth. He’s taken into trial with the help of Atticus, and the case is unarguably one of the factors that help further the theme of innocence in Scout’s view. Atticus is determined to help Tom, even if it means that the citizens will turn against his own family because “killing a mockingbird is a sin.” As events progress, Scout is taught that discrimination solely because someone is “different” is