Courage is defined as the ability to do something that frightens one. In the novel “To Kill a Mockingbird” author Harper Lee portrays the character Atticus Finch is portrayed as a courageous father and human being. He does this by giving examples of when Atticus is courageous. Here are a few examples and scenarios where Lee portrays Atticus as courageous. One way that Atticus illustrates courage is in his defence of Tom Robinson during the sexuall asult trial.
For instance, the quote “This case, Tom Robinson’s case, is something that goes to the essence of a man’s conscience- I couldn't go to church and worship God if I didn't help this man.” (108). This shows Atticus’ morals to do what is right and honoring to God. Although defending this man means his children would get a lot of grief and it's an unpopular move in the community, he still defended Tom Robinson. Also Atticus said the quote, “So if spitting in my face and threatening me saved Mayella Ewell one extra beating that’s something I’ll gladly take.” (222). Bob Ewell spitted in Atticus’ face but instead of lashing back he took the high road.
Atticus Finch is an archetype of personal bravery and his bravery is demonstrated again and again throughout the novel. Atticus not only takes Tom Robinson's case, he defends him vehemently setting himself against the prevailing attitudes and customs of Maycomb. Mrs. Dubouse criticizes him when she said, “Atticus is a Niger lover!” (Lee 100). Atticus stands up to his neighbors' racism, knowing that in doing so, he is exposing himself and his family to difficult times. Atticus knows he is right: he defends an innocent man.
. when you know you're licked before you begin but you begin anyway and see it through no matter what" (149). Another example of Atticus' courage occurs in Chapter 15, when he goes to the county jail to defend Tom from a mob seeking to lynch him. Unarmed and completely defenseless, he attempts to reason with the mob before Scout appears and amazingly disperses them. Atticus shows that true courage requires standing up for what is right, no matter the circumstances and no matter the consequences.
Atticus taught me many things about being courageous. For example, he knew he probably wasn’t going to win the Tom Robinson case yet he still gave it his all which showed his loyalty towards Tom. His children learned something from a great man like what color you are doesn’t define who you truly are inside. Lee, Harper. To Kill a Mockingbird.
Bob Ewell depicts the stereotypical white supremacist, Atticus on the other hand chooses his morals over the society’s expectations. When brought the case of Tom Robinson, an alleged black rapist, any lawyer in Maycomb would’ve immediately denied Tom. Atticus chose to defend him, even though he knew he had no chance of winning. He told Scout that he must argue it to uphold his sense of justice and respect, Atticus knew Tom deserved someone to fight for him. This all ties in with what Atticus told Scout,“Remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” That was the only time I ever heard Atticus say it was a sin to do something, and I asked Miss Maudie about it.
Harper Lee illustrated Tom Robinson as a kind, church-going man. However, the town sees him as a criminal who took advantage of Mayella Ewell. The citizens of Maycomb felt that Atticus should not bother defending him because he did not deserve it. They made their disapproval known by making whispers about both Atticus and Tom Robinson, advertising a new cartoon modeled after Atticus, and assembling a mob to attack Tom Robinson in jail (Lee chapter 12).Mrs. Dubose was one of those citizens who was not afraid to make her opinion known, even to Jem and Scout, telling them, “Yes indeed, what has this world come to when a Finch goes against his raising?
How can lying and telling partial truths be more ethical than following the law? One of the final scenes in To Kill A Mockingbird reveals the death of Mr. Ewell after his attack on Jem and Scout. Atticus believes the written law show be directly adhered to, while Heck Tate believes morals take precedence over precise legal codes. The men have differences of opinion on who killed Mr. Ewell, and how they should respond. Each man views his cause as the most moral and most ethical.
In to Kill a Mockingbird Scout asks “Are we poor, Atticus?” Atticus nodded. “We are indeed.” Jem’s nose wrinkled. “Are we as poor as the Cunninghams?” “Not exactly...the crash hit them the hardest,” (27). This shows when Jem is acting biased against his father because he doesn’t want to be poor like the Cunninghams, even though it isn’t his fault they are
The quote by Martin Luther King Jr “The ultimate measure of a man is not where he made stands in moments of comfort and convenience, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy”. This quote means that a man’s personality/character is shaped and determined by the way he reacts and responds to the difficulties and hardships that he face’s. The way in which this quote by Martin Luther King” relates to the novel “To Kill a Mocking Bird” is the way Atticus feels when he defends Tom Robinson. From the outside he looks all confident and professional but from the inside he is very nervous and scared. Even though Tom Robinson is a black man it makes it difficult for Atticus because they were in the era of the Great Depression where there
She could not do this alone though she had Jem read to her every day just to distract her mind from thinking of morphine. This next quote from “If’ says “ If you can trust yourself when all men doubt yourself.” Atticus trust himself to get Tom a fair trial even if he is black, he knew it was going to be hard but he has to do it for himself. Like the quote said though everyone else has no hope that Tom was going to win the trial, but since he trust in Atticus to do the best of his ability to win the trial for him Do you see how it feels like “If” and To Kill A Mockingbird were written by the same person it is crazy how close they are. I am completely certain that she used this poem to develop her characters, who know how many things she used to develop her
Harper Lee explores prejudice in ‘To Kill A Mockingbird’ through the contrasting characters in Maycomb County and how these characters differ with others of similar roles in similar situations. This essay will look at the contrasting attitudes of the two fathers; Atticus Finch and Bob Ewell and how they are both involved in racial prejudice. Aunt Alexandra and Calpurnia will also be compared in how their roles involving social prejudice differ. Atticus Finch and Bob Ewell are two fathers with clear contrasting morals which Lee uses to explore racial prejudice. Atticus is a kind and compassionate father who always intends to do what is right ‘if I didn 't I couldn 't hold up my head in town’.
While it is understandable to believe in the pretense created by incorrect information, Lee tries to teach her readers to recognize how information can be warped when dealing with crimes that are circumstantial. Though we may hate the ones who provide false evidence towards incorrect ideas, the goal is to not make the same mistake the gossipers do by bearing false witness. Perhaps the town would not be able to look past Tom’s pretense of criminalistic behavior if there were none in the town who could model, but Lee has a few, including Atticus, that do. To Kill A Mockingbird is still read in today’s society to remind readers
Atticus is a prime example of this, bringing empathy to a deeper level. For instance, Atticus musters up the moral courage to defend the innocent Tom Robinson in the case against Mayella Ewell, an action that goes against much of Maycomb’s beliefs. However, the fuel to this motivation initially comes from placing himself in Tom’s shoes in order to see the unjust actions towards him, thus taking the initiative to do something about this prejudice. Atticus goes to the jail cell and possibly endangers himself to prevent the endangerment of Tom. Although he knows he may be risking his life by guarding the front of the jail, he shows moral courage for facing his fears and standing up for what he believes is ethical.