During this time, scientists conducted experiments using new instruments, like the microscope, while going through experiments with the scientific method (p. 346). Nicolaus Copernicus developed the heliocentric theory which said that the Sun is the center of the universe. This was kind a controversial statement because most people disagreed with the theory because it “contradicted the evidence of the sense” (p. 347). Johannes Kepler and Galileo Galilei were both mathematicians who indirectly worked together to provide concrete evidence that the Earth does revolve around the Sun (p. 347). Galileo used a telescope to see bumps on the moon and the rings on Saturn.
The Reformation had more of an impact on Europe than the Renaissance. The Reformation had many great reformers including Martin Luther, John Calvin and Henry VIII and his family. There were also many ideas that changed Europe for good. The Council of Trent and the Thirty Years War. With those reformers and wars, it changed Europe forever.
Many philosophers believed that the government had too much power over the people and they began to work to change that. For example, John Locke believed that people should have natural rights such as life, liberty, and property and that the government should not take away these rights and instead should protect them. If the government did not protect these rights the people could overthrow the government. This idea changed everything because in the end it influenced the English to use this idea in their Declaration of Independence to break away from Britain. Montesquieu was another philosopher who helped make the Enlightenment a turning point.
Throughout history, there have been many significant events that have affected the world in different ways, one being the invention of Christianity. The role of Christianity has been complexly tangled with the history and formation of the western civilization. Christianity has affected the world in many ways, but most noticeably through politics by diminishing the power of Roman authority, society by affecting the way Roman citizens live, and religion by stopping the progression of Islam. First, the invention of Christianity had a huge effect on the politics of the western civilization. In the Roman Empire, Christianity started out being a very minuscule religion.
Although the Glorious Revolution was fueled in part by religious intolerance, ultimately the Glorious Revolution was a direct outcome of the Age of Enlightenment. In document one the feelings of England’s people is best described. The author, John Evelyn, writes for himself as this piece is taken from a diary entry. Evelyn’s views are unaltered as no one will see this document, as a result he will not receive repercussions, so this work is much closer to how people were feeling around the time. Evelyn writes of the growing dissatisfaction among the people as James II brings more soldiers in and continues to remove Protestants from places of power.
Enlightenment was created by the English philosopher John Locke. The ideas that were influenced by enlightenment were life, liberty, and property. This also gave to the idea of natural right. Enlightenment influenced the way people finally realized that divine right wasn’t right and start to doubt it. Throughout time enlightenment has influenced a lot of important events in history.
His theories would predate all ideas that God created man. The theory of evolution would explain how all living beings came to be and could explain life all the way back to just a split second after the Big Bang. Both Saint Augustine and Martin Luther were believers in the scientific community, but they would have seen these findings in totally different lights. Saint Augustine would have agreed that the findings by Charles Darwin were true and that the stories of creation were more allegorical than literal. Martin Luther would have been more headstrong and believed that Darwinism was more fake science that could not truly be proven.
• During the Enlightenment there was a Scientific Revolution • The enlightenment was also called the Age of Reason • The chaos of the Reformation and wars of religion had shaken a belief system that had been accepted by society in the Middle Ages • People began looking for natural law, the conditions that govern human behavior • Thinkers began to believe that the problems of society could be solved through reasoning • One of the first philosophers to search for the natural laws of government was England’s Thomas Hobbes. • He believed that people by nature were bad and needed strong government • He believed that people could avoid the nature of being bad by entering into a social contract • This was an agreement to give up individual freedom to live in an organized society
Prior to the events of The Enlightenment, The Scientific Revolution occured. This is a time in which the authority of the church is challenged and long and old traditional ideas about god are challenged by science. This led into the French Revolution because if you can challenge god you are able to challenge monarchs. The French took away power from the monarchs and put more power into the people. However this
The Enlightenment made the world become more free because of the ideas that were spread during the time period. The Scientific Revolution was a period of time where philosophers such as Galileo and Isaac Newton proved that the church was not always right, and they proved this with science. The people began to question the church, and their power over the people. Philosophers such as Locke, suggested that all people were born equal, and that the citizens can improve, and overthrow the government if they don’t agree with its actions. The enlightenment philosophers were one of the first to suggest a world where the people had control over the place where they were living.
Christianity has shaped the Scientific Revolution in Europe in many different ways. The main argument is that it brought a new of thinking that relied on Empiricism and objectivism. The findings made by the revolution’s astronomers challenged the foundations of the truths of the Christian church and the Bible. Some studies show that it has shaped the Scientific Revolution, whereas others show that it has not. The research that shows Christianity does have a significant amount of impact on the Scientific Revolution mostly deal with the explicit conflict between religion and science.
His 95 theses which propounded two central beliefs that the Bible is the central religious authority and that humans may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deed was to spark the Protestant Reformation. Although these ideas had been advanced before, Martin Luther codified them at them at the moment in history ripe for religious reformation. The Catholic Church was ever after divided and the Protestantism that soon emerged was shaped by the Luther’s ideas. Luther’s writings changed the course of religious and cultural history in the West. His revolutionary ideas served as the catalyst for the eventual breaking away from the Catholic Church.
This helped to continue the decline of the teachings and authority of the Catholic Church. The Protestant Revolution questioned authority, led to the Scientific Revolution and all the scientific discoveries would soon lead to the Enlightenment, the Age of Reason. All of these examples showed the rise and decline of the Protestant Reformation and the rise of the Scientific Revolution. The Scientific Revolution showed that a rise in observations and conclusions became an acceptable source of knowledge and truth, where it had been less so in earlier
Some colonial gentleman even changed their religious beliefs to reflect European ideas that God only played an indirect affair with humans. Educated colonists were especially interested in the new ideas that showed the Age of Enlightenment what it really was. How did the Glorious Revolution affect colonial politics? • The dethroning of King James in England and at the end of the Dominion of New England showed all of the success of the representative government over dictatorship. Colonists came to see their legislatures as colonial alternatives of parliament on its own.
Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation was a religious movement throughout Europe during the 16th century. During this time the acceptance of worshiping God how a person wanted to wasn’t met with the scrutiny that the Catholic Church dealt among non-conformists in the past. The Reformation was spurred by the teachings of Martin Luther, a former catholic monk. His ideals helped to lead entire nations into the beginning of an era of religious freedom. The Reformation also led to much of what America’s religious ideals are today.