During the time of the Roman empire there were many leaders that ruled and reigned triumphantly. Through that, there were two different triumvirates made up of a group of three leaders that together lead the city of Rome through times of good and bad. Augustus, Augustus Caesar, or Octavian (all the same person) was the first Roman emperor that followed the republic which his great uncle/adopted father, Julius Caesar, destroyed. In 46 B.C., Octavius accompanied Caesar in his triumphant victory in Africa after the Civil War and the nest year, although in ill health, joined the dictator in Spain. Octavius competed in the public games, instituted by Caesar, and won a considerable number of dictator troops for his own allegiance. Shortly after that, the first triumvirate fell apart with the death of Caesar, and Octavius started a new triumvirate, accompanied by Lepidus and Antony. Octavius made an agreement with Antony and Marcus, and together they formed the second triumvirate and in 42 B.C., Julius Caesar enhanced Octavian’s prestige as the “son of god.” Octavius’ dad was the first of his family to be a Roman senator and died in 59 B.C., and so, when Octavius was very young, he was adopted by Julius Caesar. Caesar really threw Octavius into Roman public life, and at age 12 made his debut by delivering the funeral speech at his grandmother,
The initial attempt for Romans to create a code of laws was the Laws of the Twelve Tables. The laws, were said, to have come about in order to eliminate tension between the patricians (privileged class) and the plebeians (common people). The Twelve Tables included Laws relating to debtors, inheritance, marriage, rights of a father, property, will and testament, and women.
The legendary Roman Empire lasted from 753 B.C.E. all the way until 1453 A.D. However Rome split in two at about 395 A.D. which crippled the ancient Rome we know. So really ancient Rome lived from 753 B.C.E. to 476 A.D. But the name of Rome continued on in the Byzantine empire for about another 1000 years. Yet many people nowadays still refer to Rome as one of the greatest ancient civilizations of all time. They thought this because Rome was leaps and bounds ahead of others in military, political, economic,architectural, and technological aspects. But Rome was far from perfect, because of its split in 395 A.D. ancient Rome began falling apart. The things that made it great became its downfall. But there were many important factors that made Rome fall, but the most prominent were military, economic, and religious factors.
Rome has a better system than Athens in my opinion. Athens citizens have more responsibility and rights then Rome. Rome has more of a family oriented style of citizenship. Athens and rome both honored citizenship in their own ways equally. So in a effective way to live I’d say Rome is superior. Athens can be good, they have more independence for their freedom, they are all equal to each other in superiority, and they were more physical because they were required to participate in government otherwise they were a “beast”. Rome on the other hand, was bigger in size compared to Athens, Roman’s were not considered a “beast” for not participating, there was more citizenship participants that were more genuine than Athen’s.
Body: Rome rose form a scattered group of people to a successful republic but how did they do it? well they began by overthrowing the Etruscan King The transition from the Etruscan monarchy to republic (510-509 BC) was not a easy change. In place of the King, the new Republic relied upon its Senate to oversee the government and the election of various officials, including two shared power Consuls. This transformation from monarchy to representative style government, headed by the elite social class, would prove to have troubles of its own. http://www.unrv.com/empire/birth-of-the-roman-republic.php
Including most of the Mediterranean world, Rome, a city that was growing big enough to become one of the world’s largest empire’s would soon slowly fall apart because of their problems. In 27 BC, Rome’s first emperor, Augustus Caesar, took complete power. During his time, he ruled with Pax Romana, a time of Roman peace which lasted for almost 200 years. After his death, the Roman Empire begun to break apart. The primary reasons for the fall of Rome was it being geographically too big; the population was decreasing due to plagues which led to the Roman army becoming weak, social and military issues and laziness of the military would guide the army down which led to cities being lost, and their government and leadership issues of the weak or selfish power leaders would all conduct to the breaking up of Rome.
The Roman Empire lasted about 500 years from about 47 BC to AD 476. It started in Italy and eventually extended throughout Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa. Julius Caesar became dictator for life and was assassinated by the senate, however this began the transfer from a republic to an empire. The Roman Empire grew over time, getting bigger. Although it thrived, it fell around 476 C.E because of major issues. Poor military, mistrust in the government, and the overwhelming size lead to the fall of the Roman Empire.
As mentioned previously, Augustus declared war on Cleopatra and in doing so declared war on Antony who, since beginning a relationship with Cleopatra, was going to support her in the battle. In doing this, Augustus knew he would gain more support due to people feeling able to swap to support him rather than Antony with the reason of not liking Cleopatra rather than seeming disloyal. Despite Cleopatra having a large army, Antony lost a large proportion of his support from the army to Augustus and therefore Augustus defeated Antony and Cleopatra. This battle could be seen to lead the way to Augustus ruling the new Roman empire as a powerful military state because he had been able to gain so much support in the lead up and during this battle and therefore the reason why it changed so drastically was because of the feud between Antony and Augustus allowing it to when Augustus declared war on Cleopatra. However, one question raised by this is if Antony would have fought Augustus if he didn’t have the support of Cleopatra and her army and if he wouldn’t have, would Antony still have run the Roman Empire as a military state or maybe followed Caesar and become a dictator? The war may have shown Augustus that a military state was a plausible way of
Julius Caesar was a politician, general, and dictator. He once said, “It is easier to find men who will volunteer to die than to find those who are willing to endure pain with patience.” He was an incredible speaker of the time and was very well liked by most citizens. He brought a lot of change to Rome and was a very strong leader.
Annotated BibliographyMark, J. J. (2011, April 28). Julius Caesar.Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Julius_Caesar/The author represents Julius Caesar as having excessive pride, when he was captured and insisted he was worth more than what they had requested. He also demonstrated the type of character he had, as he declared what he would do once he was released from captivity. This is a helpful source to identify what Julius Caesar would be capable of and his expectations.Ferrill, A., F., A., & A. (1986, January 01). The fall of the Roman Empire: The military explanation. Retrieved from https://www.biblio.com/9780500250952 The author in this website shows that Julius Caesar was doomed from the start, but he conveys no responsibility for dominating his flaws. From the beginning he was a leader and he was going to prove it and demonstrate it in action. This article
The composition and the governing structure of the Roman republic was not uniform throughout its existence, but some of the fundamental elements of its government came into being in the immediate aftermath of the monarchy’s collapse. Therefore, it is unsurprising that many of these institutions were created in reaction to the monarchy and its failures, and thus were shaped by this relationship. For example, the fundamental opposition to monarchy and the rule of kings that came with the experience of the Kingdom of Rome, remained quite strong in the Roman mindset throughout the existence of the Republic and into the beginnings of the Roman Empire, and its influence can be seen throughout Roman political discourse especially in the discussion
The Fall of the Roman Empire is one of the most memorable setbacks of one of the greatest civilizations to ever exist. Many theories have been said as to the cause of the empire’s fall but, even today, there are still unanswered discussions on what the specific factors were. There are numerous of factors that contributed to the empire’s fall such as the effectiveness of their army, the health of its citizens, the strength of the economy, the capability of the successors, the continuous battle for power, religion and the regulation of their administration. The Fall of Rome was started with the decline in Western Roman Empire where the emperors failed to maintain their rule. The lost of power of the West let alone East was a great threat to the empire but the theme of the decline has been discussed and changed through a much bigger time frame from year 376. There have been many debates between historians on the actualization as to when everything
The continual decrease in birth rates was an alarming indicator of a decreasing elite class and of the depravity and adultery that plagued the Roman upper classes. Augustus believed that Rome’s long- term survival required adult citizens to produce more children but he did not want to deem this task up to individual conscience (wiki). These new laws which played a central role in the roman family unit for the next three centuries, absorbed and elevated the traditional power of the father figure in a Roman household. Created by Virgil the ancestral Roman hero Aeneas became an icon of Roman pietas or respect. He is often depicted escaping Troy with his father on his back and his son close at hand; The family man who looks back respectfully to the past generation and fights to secure the honor of the next (WoR). There were two sides of this legislation. The first side made marriage and the bearing of children a duty to the state. To ensure better results, the state offered incentives, such as tax breaks, to citizens who observed the laws and imposed several impairments on citizens who refused (Wiki). These laws enforced marriage *upon young men and women within similar age ranges, and remarriage on the divorced and widowed person within certain time limits***. The other side of this legislation placed family morality in higher
In 62 BC, he was elected praetor in Farther Spain. In 61 to 60 BC he served as governor of the Roman province of Spain. Then, in 59 BC, Caesar was elected as a consul, the most significant political post, through his alliance with Pompey. As soon as he became consul, Caesar waged a successful campaign against some tribes in Lusitania. He was awarded the right of triumph for his victory despite the fact that many of his enemies accused him of provoking the war. Till then, Caesar had achieved fair amount of political success but he still wasn’t much popular among his peers. In order to fulfill his dream of developing Rome, Caesar needed more political success through alliances. He found the best two alliances that would take him further to the path of success. He first aligned with the Roman General Pompey then he allied with a powerful Roman politician Crassus. Further, Caesar’s alliance with Pompey was strengthened with the marriage of Caesar’s only daughter Julia with Pompey. This alliance proved significant for Caesar as he received wealth and military might from Pompey and important political contacts through