The current system that incarcerates people over and over is unsustainable and does not lower the crime rate nor encourage prisoner reformation. When non-violent, first time offenders are incarcerated alongside violent repeat offenders, their chance of recidivating can be drastically altered by their experience in prison. Alternative sentencing for non-violent drug offenders could alleviate this problem, but many current laws hinder many possible solutions. Recently lawmakers have made attempts to lower the recidivism rates in America, for example the Second Chance Act helps aid prisoners returning into society after incarceration. The act allows states to appropriate money to communities to help provide services such as education, drug treatment programs, mental health programs, job corps services, and others to aid in offenders returning to society after incarceration (Conyers, 2013).
The continuous use of narcotics results in addiction, and financial struggles due to the costly upkeep. “Financial problems are one of the major side effects of drug and substance abuse” (Buaggett, 2015). Addicts cannot adequately take an active role in the economic activities, as the use of drugs inhibits the abilities of the users to earn a daily living. Due to the instability of finances, this would result in selling personal belongings to continue funding the substance of choice, and depending on the addicts living situation, this could lead to losing their house or being removed from their current housing. While being under the influence, an addicts voice of reason is jeopardized, resulting in criminal activities which raise the chances of being apprehended by the law enforcers, as well as, heavy fines are imposed.
The Government can upgrade, downgrade or delist previously controlled substances along with adding new drugs. Over the last decade the latest change in the classification of drugs, cannabis in particular has generated much debate between the Government and the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD) (UKDPC, 2008). The debate was initially sparked when the UK Government rejected the Council’s advice to keep cannabis in class C despite the fact that the Advisory Council had scientific backing from numerous research studies (UKDPC, 2008). The Government’s decision has therefore led to individuals questioning the drug policy in the UK. The UKDPC (2008) stated that the Government’s overruling of the Advisory Council’s proposal has challenged the role that expert advisory bodies play in the formulation of drug policy, along with raising questions on the significance of these advisory bodies in general (UKDPC,
2: Though sentences will raise the fear to people and they will avoid using it. 1: I fully agree with author that there should be proper rehabilitation program for drug offender inmates so that they can return to society again and fully give up the drug uses. 1: I agree that some private jails’ guidance are not good. 2: They don‘t give much time on them and they do not give proper guidance to inmates. 3: Only they try to make profit themselves.
Drug courts, initially propelled in Florida in 1989, are an arrangement of escalated treatment and supervision. The thought is to treat the instances of peaceful substance-mishandling guilty parties uniquely in contrast to other criminal cases in light of the fact that the dependence is at the base of the criminal action. Accentuation is on recovery instead of discipline. Drug Courts are the best equity intercession for treating drug-dependent individuals the purpose of drug courts is to diminish drug use, lessen wrongdoing, spare cash, and it reestablish lives with sparing more hardship on the kids and reconnecting families together. Drug Courts serve a small amount of the assessed 1.2 million drug dependent individuals presently included in the equity framework.
With the economy in the turmoil that it is in America cannot continue to support these sentencing guidelines. The Mandatory Article Sentencing declares that the laws are becoming a huge drain on the Justice Bureau’s budget, and in 2012 the United States had far beyond more people incarcerated than any other country. Most of these prisoners are low-level drug offenders sentenced under mandatory sentencing guidelines with a cost draining on American taxpayers $6.8 billion a year, as of 2012. These costs do not seem to have a ceiling and continue eating up about twenty-five percent of the federal justice system’s yearly budget.
Would the decriminalisation and / Legalisation of controlled substances improve or hinder the economic, health and social circumstances of drugs users, their families, communities and society? This essay will briefly outline the current policies on drugs in Ireland and will examine the policies and substance misuse from a European and international perspective; then it will discuss how decriminalisation of drugs and substances can improve or hinder the economic, health and social circumstances of drug users, their families, communities and society in general. Examples of controlled substances in Ireland include cocaine, heroin, methadone, cannabis (full list of controlled substances found in the schedule Misuse of Drugs Act 1977).
Only 18.3% (337,882) were for the sale or manufacture of a drug” (p. 23). Therefore, the individuals who are likely to enter the already overcrowded prisons may be users and the actual not distributors themselves. Thus, prison space that is intended to be reserved for murders and sexual predators is instead being occupied by substance
To continue agitating the process in recurring prisoners back into the penitentiary for the reason of state’s incapability to encounter the request for treatment that drugs has caused being that the expense is detrimental of impartiality. Olson (2014) indicates that treating a habit as a transgression rather than a physical condition issue, complexes the adverse impression on human beings and communities in relations of community health and protection. Additionally, some criminals arise from being released from the penitentiary with crude substance habit condition, however offenders are most likely to be displayed of numerous transmissible illnesses while in prison. In efforts to absorb illicit performances that dishearten social responsibility,
As a result of this study, the prison environment is not a supportive one for those individuals who wish to abstain from drug use. The prison environment and upon the individual, most respondents encouraged drug use. The research analyzed prison inmates of the general population at a prison in England. Data was collected through a self-administered questionnaire of 140 prisoners in which all would be self-reported (Swann & James, 2008). This questionnaire was designed as an attempt to ensure a high response rate and a minimum of interviewer bias.
RELATED CASES: None. SUPPORT DOCUMENTS: None. On 10/29/2015, Honoria Nadeau contacted Pasco Sheriff`s Office by telephone to report a Petit Theft. Ms. Nadeau advised sometime between 1800 and 2000 hours on 10/15/2015, an unknown suspect stole her multicolored zipper purse with contents ($8.00 cash, little league ID badge, and a Mid Florida Credit Union debit card), her black umbrella with multicolored polka dots, and her blue and orange University Of Florida sweatshirt out of her tote bag purse while at the noted location.
“The Australian legal system is adversarial. This means that the parties to a case present evidence and argue their position before a judge who makes a decision based on the law and evidence.” For this to be fair the parties usually engage a lawyer who can represent them in court. On 17 December 1986, Olaf Dietrich flew into Melbourne Airport from Thailand. The Australian Federal Police arrested Dietrich for importing at least 70 grams of heroin concealed in condoms that he had swallowed.
Much research has been conducted in the field of forensics on drug testing. Drug testing can be done on samples like urine, hair, saliva, sweat or blood. But recently it has been found out that a single fingerprint can reveal the abuse of drugs. There is controversy as to whether the established methods for drug testing from samples or the new methods for the analysis of fingerprints give a more accurate result. This review examines the recent literature to evaluate whether the analysis of fingerprints for drug detection is a more reliable technique than established methods.
The Australian legal system is adversarial. This means that the parties to a case present evidence and argue their position before a judge who makes a decision based on the law and evidence. For this to be fair the parties usually engage a lawyer who can represent them in court. On 17 December 1986, Olaf Dietrich flew into Melbourne Airport from Thailand. The Australian Federal Police arrested Dietrich for importing at least 70 grams of heroin concealed in condoms that he had swallowed.
I let them of course because I knew I had no such drugs. But to my surprise they found something I realized I was in big trouble. I couldn’t believe this because I had not put anything in there. The officers weren’t hearing any of it though as they took me away.