• - Researchers interview household members in a nationally representative sample (42,000 households) • - Data is collected regarding frequency, characteristics, and consequences of criminal victimization by a variety of crimes, many of which may not have been reported to law enforcement. • Advantage: Provides estimates of the total amount of annual crimes, not only those reported to police. Helps us understand why crimes are not reported and the criminal event influences (whether police will ever know it occurred) • Problems: Over reporting due to victims ' misinterpretation of events. EX: A lost wallet may be reported as stolen -Under reporting due to the embarrassment of reporting crime to interviewers, fear of getting in trouble, or forgetting an
Public Sex Offender Registers: The Concept of Community Notification Community notification laws authorise the public disclosure of a convicted sex offender’s information, (such as their name, address, offending history, car registration etc.) to anyone who has access to the Internet. Community notification should not be confused with basic registration of sex offenders, because register records are usually not made public. However a number of commentators have suggested that merely registering sex offenders for use by law enforcement agencies is not enough, it is necessary to have the information available to the public. Cases which have attracted media frenzies, usually sexual assaults and murders involving children, have served to push
STOP Program funding has made a meaningful impact on the ability of communities across the nation to serve victims and hold perpetrators accountable for violent crimes. STOP-funded programs have made progress in addressing the crimes of intimate partner and sexual violence, which has contributed to a decline in violent crimes against women since the program originated. It is also reasonable to attribute some of the decline to VAWA’s 1994 criminalization of violence against women. During his efforts to pass the original VAWA legislation in the early 1990s, then-Senator Joseph Biden envisioned a society intolerant of any violence against women. Social values have changed considerably as a result of VAWA.
I believe that there are a number of weak links within the current justice system. One of which is troublesome is the number of unsolved homicides in the United States. There seems to be several different speculations as to why this may be. Strom and Hickman (2010)(6p4) suggests that is could be because of the lengthy backlog of the forensic laboratories. Another theory they offer is that law enforcement on the scene may not have the training necessary to collect evidence correctly (6p4).
Yes, I believe that it is necessary for police officers to be randomly drug tested. The duty that a police officer has is to protect and serve the city or town. If they are abusing drugs the officers cannot perform their duty to its fullest potential. More important though drug testing is important for the safety of civilians. If an officer is abusing drugs they could end up hurting civilians, whether getting into an accident on the road or accidentally shooting them thinking that they saw a weapon when there was not one.
The Cause and Effect of False Confessions: The Importance of Retrieving Truthful Confessions in Police Interrogations Beverly Monroe, Derek Tice, Earl Washington Jr.; these names may not mean anything to you, but to police investigators, these names are evidence of false confessions occurring in our society. False confessions occur more in police interviews and interrogations than the average person would assume. A false confession can be given to law enforcement officers after several different occurrences, all of which a law enforcement officer wants to try to keep from happening. Interviews and interrogations are meant to help police officers gain an understanding of the situation, or crime, that has been committed and the suspect’s direct
The major drawback of the Criminal Code is the fact that it does not address elder abuse specifically. Instead, this code operates in areas such as “child abuse, sexual assault and spousal violence” (Donovan & Regehr, 2010, p.177). However, elder abuse must be included in other Criminal Code provisions. For example, financial abuse cases can be considered through provisions related to robbery, falsification or fraud (Donovan & Regehr, 2010). Physical abuse episodes are addressed under the provisions of homicide, assassination and other physical assault.
This distinction is important because views on each will vary. Misconduct cannot be generalized and each type must be presented separately. In articles that interview people for their views on the police, these categories are used (Chermak, McGarrell, Gruenewald 2006) in order to gain insight on how different forms of misconduct differ. When interviewed, some ways young people have negative views on the police were: a generalized negative view, a negative interaction described, views of police as crooked, view of police as ineffective, police are not for emergency, and police use harassment/excessive force (Carr, Napolitano, Keating 2007). While black and hispanic respondents structured answers in terms of race, whites did not (Carr, Napolitano, Keating 2007).
“For decades law enforcement’s relationship with the media was often described as antagonistic, resisted dissemination of information that might threaten and investigation, and could create fear, endanger the public” (). It is important that police do notify the public if a serious crime was happening. When you think of child abductions, Murders, and other serious offenders it is important that someone from a police department stands up and discusses these issues to help find the suspect. The police and the media can work together to find abducted children through AMBER ALLRETS, which is a good aspect the police have or even through the news to find people with outstanding warrants through sketches shown on the news. “Today the police see the many benefits of cooperating with media.
ABSTRACT: Serial crimes are the problems which are mostly committed by minority of offenders. The law enforcement people are forced to find out the serial crimes which is considered as complex task. In order to find out the serial crimes, one need to investigate the large number of collected crimes which is unlinked with each other. These problem need to be analysed in different ways to find out the link among each crimes happened in various locations to find out serial crimes. In the previous work, cut clustering algorithm were used to cluster the similar type of crime happened in various locations .However the existing work lacks from the number of labelled classes used for clustering which will limit the number of data points to be used